Hydrophysical characteristics of selected soils from arctic and temperate zones

Open access

Abstract

Hydrophysical characteristics of arctic and temperate zones soils were determined. The soils from the temperate zone showed a greater capability of water retention than those from the arctic zone. In both investigated depths (surface and subsurface layers), the highest water content was observed for the Sądecki Regosol, and the lowest one for Turbic Cryosol formed in the cell forms from Spitsbergen at all soil water potentials. The differences between water content for these soils at the same soil water potentials varied between 20 and 25% vol. in the surface layer, and from 19 to 22% vol. in the subsurface, respectively. The lowest differences (2.7-5.0% vol.) in water content were noticed between the Wyspowy Regosol and Turbic Cryosol (Skeletic) derived in the sorted circles. In both depths, higher values of water conductivity were observed for Regosols than for Cryosols at high soil water potentials, from -0.1 till -7 kJ m-3. These differences were especially high at -0.1 kJ m-3 and they were three or four times higher for soils from the temperate zone than from the arctic ones. For lower water potentials, the differences in water conductivity do not exceed one order in the surface layer and two orders in the subsurface.

Barry R.G., 2006. The status of research on glaciers and global glacier recession: a review. Progress Physical Geography, 30, 285-306.

Bockheim J.G., 2015. Cryopedology. Springer Press, Heidelberg- New York-Dordrecht-London.

Hagen J.O., Kohler J., Melvold K., and Winther J.G., 2006. Glaciers in Svalbad: mass balance, runoff and freshwater flux. Polar Res., 22, 145-159.

Humlum O., Instannes A., and Sollid J.I., 2003. Permafrost in Svalbad: a review of research. Polar Res., 22, 191-215.

IUSS Working Group WRB, 2007. World Reference Base for Soil Resources-2006 (first update-2007). World Soil Resources Reports, No. 103, FAO Press, Rome, Italy.

Joó S., Tóth J., and Földényi R., 2015. Characterization of saltand surfactant-containing sandy soil extracts by laser light methods. Int. Agrophys., 29, 291-298.

Kabala C. and Zapart J., 2012. Initial soil development and carbon accumulation on moraines of the rapidly retreating Werenskiold Glacier, Spitsbergen, Svalbard archipelago. Geoderma, 175-176, 9-20.

Kirkham M., 2011. Elevated Carbon Dioxide - Impacts on Soil and Plant Water Relations. CRC Press, Boca Raton - London - New York.

Klimowicz Z., Chodorowski J., Melke J., Uziak S., and Bartmiński P., 2013. Soils. In: Geographical environment of NW part of Wedel Jarlsberg Land (Spitsbergen, Svalbard) (Eds P. Zagórski, M. Harasimiuk, J. Rodzik). UMCS Press, Lublin, Poland.

Kutilek M. and Nielsen D.R., 2010. Facts About Global Warming. Catena Press, Reiskirchen, Germany.

Kutilek M. and Nielsen D.R., 2015. Soil. The Skin of the Planet Earth. Springer Press, Dordrecht-Heidelberg- London-New York.

Kyrylchuk A. and Poznyak S., 2013. Pedogenic process on eluvium- diluvium solid carbonate rocks. Polish J. Soil Sci., 46, 131-138.

Lonne I. and Lysa A., 2005. Deglaciation dynamics following the Little Ice Age on Svalbad: implication for shaping of landscape at high latitude. Geomorphology, 72, 300-319.

Melke J., Witkowska-Walczak B., and Bartmiński P., 2013. Water retention of arctic zone soils (Spitsbergen). Int. Agrophys., 27, 439-444.

Migała K., Wojtuń B., Szymański W., and Muskała P., 2014. Soil moisture and temperature variation under different types of tundra vegetation during the growing season: A case study from the Fuglebekken catchment, SW Spitsbergen. Catena, 116, 10-18.

Przybylak R., 2007. Recent air-temperature changes in the Arctic. Ann. Glaciol., 46, 316-324.

Rachlewicz G. and Szczuciński W., 2008. Changes in thermal structure of permafrost active layer in a dry polar climate. Petuniabukta, Svalbad. Polish Polar Res., 29, 261-278.

Ryżak M. and Bieganowski A., 2013. Methodological aspects of determining soil particle-size distribution using the laser diffraction method. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci., 174, 624-633.

Sławiński C., Sobczuk H., Stoffregen H., Walczak R., and Wessolek G., 2002. Effect of data resolution on soil hydraulic conductivity prediction. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci., 165, 45-49.

Sławiński C., Walczak R.T., and Skierucha W., 2006. Error analysis of water conductivity coefficient measurement by instantaneous profile method. Int. Agrophysics, 20, 55-61.

Świtoniak M., Melke J., and Bartmiński P., 2014. The differences in cellulolytic activity of arctic soils of Calypsostranda, Spitsbergen. Polar Record., 50(2), 199-208.

Tedrow J.F.C., 1977. Soils of the Polar Landscape. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Trenberth K.E., Jones P.D., Ambenje P., Borariu R., Easterling D., Klein Tank A., Parker D., Rahimzadeh F., Renwick J.A., Rusticucci M., Soden B., and Zhai P., 2007. Observations: surface and atmospheric climate change. In: IPCC Climate Change, the Physical Science Basis, EU Press, Brussels, Belgium.

Westermann S., Langer M., and Boike J., 2011. Spatial and temporal variations of summer surface temperatures of high-arctic tundra on Svalbad - implications for MODIS LST based permafrost monitoring. Remote Sens. Environ., 115(3), 908-922.

Witkowska-Walczak B., Gliński J., and Sławiński C., 2012. Hydrophysical Properties of Soils. Polish Academy of Sciences Press, Lublin, Poland.

Witkowska-Walczak B., Sławiński C., Bartmiński P., Melke J., and Cymerman J., 2014. Water conductivity of arctic zone soils (Spitsbergen). Int. Agrophys., 28, 539-535.

Ziaja W., 2004. Spitsbergen landscape under 20th century climate change: Sorkapp Land. Ambio, 33, 295-299.

International Agrophysics

The Journal of Institute of Agrophysics of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.242
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.267

CiteScore 2017: 1.38

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.435
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.849

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 108 108 4
PDF Downloads 35 35 4