State-Space Estimation of Soil Organic Carbon Stock

Open access

Abstract

Understanding soil spatial variability and identifying soil parameters most determinant to soil organic carbon stock is pivotal to precision in ecological modelling, prediction, estimation and management of soil within a landscape. This study investigates and describes field soil variability and its structural pattern for agricultural management decisions. The main aim was to relate variation in soil organic carbon stock to soil properties and to estimate soil organic carbon stock from the soil properties. A transect sampling of 100 points at 3 m intervals was carried out. Soils were sampled and analyzed for soil organic carbon and other selected soil properties along with determination of dry aggregate and water-stable aggregate fractions. Principal component analysis, geostatistics, and state-space analysis were conducted on the analyzed soil properties. The first three principal components explained 53.2% of the total variation; Principal Component 1 was dominated by soil exchange complex and dry sieved macroaggregates clusters. Exponential semivariogram model described the structure of soil organic carbon stock with a strong dependence indicating that soil organic carbon values were correlated up to 10.8m.Neighbouring values of soil organic carbon stock, all waterstable aggregate fractions, and dithionite and pyrophosphate iron gave reliable estimate of soil organic carbon stock by state-space.

Beare M.H., Hendrix P.F., and Coleman D.C., 1994. Water -stable aggregate and organic matter fractions in conventional- and no-tillage soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J., 58, 777-786.

Blake G.R. and Hartge K.H., 1986. Bulk density. In: Methods of soil analysis. Agronomy Monograph (Ed. A. Klute). Am. Soc. Agronomy Press, Madison,WI, USA.

Boruvka L., Mládková L., Penízek V., Drábek O., and Vašát R., 2007. Forest soil acidification assessment using principal component analysis and geostatistics. Geoderma, 140, 374-382.

Bruckman V.J., Yan S.S., Hochbichler E., and Glatzel G., 2011. Carbon pools and temporal dynamics along a rotation period of Quercus dominated high forest and coppice with standard stands. For. Ecol. Manag., 262, 1853-1862.

Burstyn I., 2004. Principal component analysis is a powerful instrument in occupational hygiene inquiries. Ann. Occup. Hyg., 48, 655-661.

Cambardella C.A. and Elliott E.T., 1994. Carbon and nitrogen dynamics of soil organic matter fractions from cultivated grassland soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J., 58, 123-130.

Carter M.R., 1996. Analysis of soil organic matter storage in agroecosystems. In: Structure and organic matter storage in agricultural soils (Eds M.R. Carter, B.A. Stewart). CRC and Lewis Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.

Duffera M., White J.G., and Weisz R., 2007. Spatial variability of Southeastern U.S. coastal plain soil physical properties: implications for site-specific management. Geoderma, 137, 327-339.

El-Swaify S.A. and Emerson W.W., 1975. Changes in the physical properties of soil clays due to precipitated aluminium and iron hydroxides. 1. Swelling and aggregate stability after drying. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc., 30, 1056-1063.

Holeplass H., Singh B.R., and Lal R., 2004. Carbon sequestration in soil aggregate under different rotations and nitrogen fertilization in an Inceptisol in southeastern Norway, Nutrient Cycl. Agroecosys., 70, 167-177.

Imbufe A.V., Patti A.F., Barrow D., Surapaneni A., Jackson W.J., and Milner A.D., 2005. Effects of potassium humate on aggregate stability of two soils from Victoria, Australia. Geoderma, 125, 321-350.

Jastrow J.D., Boutton T.W., and Miller R.M., 1996. Carbon dynamics of aggregate-associated organic matter estimated by carbon-13 natural abundance. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J., 60, 801-807.

Kaiser H.F., 1958. The varimax criterion in analytic rotation in factor analysis. Pychometrika, 23, 187-200.

Lawal H.M., Ogunwole J.O., and Uyovbisere E.O., 2009. Changes in soil aggregate stability and carbon sequestration mediated by land use practices in a degraded dry savanna Alfisol. Tropical Subtropical Agroecosys., 10, 423-429.

McKeaque J.A., 1967. An evaluation of 0.1 M pyrophosphate - dithionite in comparison with oxalate as extractants of the accumulation products in podzols and other soils. Can. J. Soil Sci., 41, 95-99.

Mehra O.P. and Jackson M.L., 1960. Iron oxide removal from soils and clays by a dithionite-citrate system buffered with Na bicarbonate. Clays Min., 5, 317-327.

Muggler C.C., van Griethuysen C., Buurman P., and Pape T., 1999. Aggregation, organic matter and iron oxide morphology in oxides from Minas Gerais, Brazil. Soil Sci., 164, 759-770.

Muneer M. and Oades J.M., 1989. The role of Ca-organic interactions in soil aggregate stability. II. Field studies with 14C-labelled straw, CaCO3 and CaSO4.2H2O. Aust. J. Soil Sci., 27, 401-409.

Nelson D.W. and Sommers L.E., 1982. Total Carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. In: Methods of Soil Analysis (Ed. A.L. Page). Agronomy Soc. America Madison, WI, USA.

Nielsen D.R. and Wendroth O., 2003. Spatial and temporal statistics-sampling field soils and their vegetation. Catena Press, Reiskirchen, Germany.

Oades J.M., 1988. The retention of organic matter in soils. Biogeochemistry, 5, 35-70.

Oades J.M., Gillman G.P., and Uehara G., 1989. Interactions of soil organic matter and variable charge clays. In: Dynamics of soil organic matter in Tropical Ecosystems (Eds D.C. Coleman, J.M. Oades, G. Uehara). Hawaii Press, Honolulu, HI, USA.

Ogunwole J.O. and Ogunleye P.O., 2004. Surface soil aggregation, trace and heavy metal enrichment under long term application of farm yard manure and mineral fertilizers. Communications in Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 35, 1505-1516.

Page A.L., Miller R.H., and Keeney D.R., 1982. Methods of soil analysis. American Soc. Agronomy, Madison, WI, USA.

Phillips J.D. and Marion D.A., 2005. Biomechanical effects, lithological variations and local pedodiversity in some forest soils of Arkansas. Geoderma, 124, 73-89.

Robertson G.P., 2008. GS+: Geostatistics for the environmental sciences. Gamma Design Press, Plainwell, MI, USA.

Roy R.N., Finck A., Blair G.J., and Tandon H.L.S., 2006. Plant nutrition for food security: aguide for integrated nutrient management. FAO Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition Bulletin, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy.

Schwertmann U., 1964. The differentiation of Iron oxide in soils by a photochemical extraction with acid ammonium oxalate. Z. Planzenernaehr Dueng. Bodenkd., 105, 194-202.

Shang C. and Tiessen H., 1997. Organic matter lability in a tropical Oxisol: evidence from shifting cultivation, chemical oxidation, particle size, density and magnetic fractionations. Soil Sci., 162, 795-807.

Shang C. and Tiessen H., 1998. Organic matter stabilization in semi arid tropical soils: size, density and magnetic separations. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J., 65, 1247-1257.

Six J., Bossuyt H., DeGryze S., and Denef K., 2004. A history of research on the link between (micro) aggregates, soil biota and soil organic matter dynamics. Soil Till. Res., 79, 7-31.

Six J., Elliott E.T., and Paustian K., 2000a. Soil macroaggregate turnover and microaggregate formation: a mechanism for carbon sequestration under zero tillage agriculture. Soil Biol. Biochem., 32, 2099-2103.

Six J., Merckx R., Kimpe K., and Paustian K., 2000b. A re-evaluation of the enriched labile soil organic matter fraction. European J. Soil Sci., 51, 283-293.

Six J., Elliott E.T., Paustian K., and Doran J.W., 1998. Aggregation and soil organic matter storage in cultivated and native grassland soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J., 62, 1367-1377.

Sleulet S., DeNeve S., Beheydt D., Li C., and Hofman G., 2006. Regional simulation of long term organic carbon stock changes in crop land soils using the DNDC model: 1. large scale model validation against a spatially explicit data set. Soil Use Manag., 22, 342-351.

SPSS, 2010. PASW Statistics, Release 18.0, Westland Centre, Quarry Bay, Hong Kong.

Trujilo W., Amezquita E., Fisher M.J., and Lal R., 1997. Soil organic carbon dynamics and land use in the Colombian Savannas. 1. Aggregate size distribution. In: Soil processes and the carbon cycle (Eds R. Lal, J.M. Kimble, R.F. Follett, and B.A. Stewart). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. van de Walle I., Mussche S., Samson R., Lust N., and Lemeur R., 2001. The above and below ground carbon pools of two mixed deciduous forest stands located in East-flanders (Belgium). Ann. For. Sci., 58, 507-517.

Watt C.W., Clark L.J., Poulton P.R., Powlson D.S., and Whitmore A.P., 2006. The role of clay, organic carbon and long term management on mouldboard plough draught measured on the Broadbalk wheat experiment at Rothamsted. Soil Use Manag., 22, 334-341.

WendrothO., Reuter H.L., and KersebaumK.C., 2003. Predicting yield of barley across a landscape: a state-space modeling approach. J. Hydrol., 272, 250-263.

International Agrophysics

The Journal of Institute of Agrophysics of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.242
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.267

CiteScore 2018: 1.44

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.399
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.891

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 257 224 15
PDF Downloads 85 80 5