Evaluation of chosen fruit seeds oils as potential biofuel
Oils available in mango, tangerine and African star seeds were extracted and characterized to determine their fuel worthiness for biofuel production. Furthermore, the fuel properties of the three oils were within the range observed for some common oil seeds like rapeseed, soybean and sunflower, which are widely sourced for the production of biodiesel on an industrial scale. The low iodine values of the oil extend their applications as non-drying oil for lubrication purposes, however, the fuel properties exhibited by the oils enlist them as potential oil seeds for the production of biofuel and further research on the improvement of their properties will make them suitable biofuel of high economic values.
Ainie K., Siew W. L., Tan Y. A., Noraini I., Mohtar Y., Tang T. S., and Nuzul A. I., 2005. MPOB test Methods, a Compendium of Test on Palm Oil Products, Palm Kernel Products, Fatty Acids, Food Related Products and others. Malaysia Palm Oil Board Press, Kuala Lumpur, Malayasia.
Akinhanmi T. F., Akintokun P. O., and Atasie V. N., 2008. Chemical composition and physiochemical properties of cashew nut. J. Agric. Food. Environ. Sci., 2, 4-8.
Akubugwo I. E. and Ugbogu A. E., 2007. Physicochemical studies on oils from five selected Nigerian plant seeds. Pakistan J. Nutr., 6(1), 75-78.
Bada S. O., 1997. Preliminary information on the ecology of Chrysophillum albidum G. Don, in West and Central Africa. Proc. Nat. Workshop Potentials of the Star Apple in Nigeria, February 27, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Chogkhong S., Tongurai C., Chet Pattananondh P., and Bunyakan C., 2007. Biodiesel production by esterification of palm patty acid distillate. D01:10.1016/ J. iombioc; 2007 03.001
Demirbas A., 1998. Fuel properties and calculation of higher heating values of vegetable oils. Fuel, 77, 1117-1120.
Demirbas A., 2008. Biodiesel production via non-catalytic SCF method and biodiesel fuel characteristics. Energy Conv. Man., 47, 2271-2282.
Enweremadu C. C. and Alamu O. J., 2010. Development and characterization of biodiesel from shea nut butter. Int. Agro-phys., 24, 29-34.
Fokou E., Achu M. B., Kansci G., Ponka R., Fotso M., Tchiegang C., and Tchouanguep F. M., 2009. Chemical properties of some cucurbitaceae oils from Cameroon. Pakistan J. Nutr., 8(9), 1325-1334.
JUS EN 14214, 2004. Automatic Fuels, Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (Fame) for Diesel Engine-Requirements and Test Methods. Standardization Institute Press, Belgrade, Serbia.
Knothe G., Krahl J., and Van Gerpen J., 2005. The Biodiesel. AOCS Press, Champaign, IL, USA.
Maniak B., Szmigielski M., Piekarski W., and Markowska A., 2009. Physicochemical changes of post-frying sunflower oil. Int. Agrophysics, 23, 243-248.
Meher L. C., Kulkarni M. G., Dalai A. K., and Naik S. N., 2006. Transesterification of karanja (Pongamia pinnata) oil by solid basic catalysts. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol., 108, 398-397.
Nwobi B. E., Ofoegbu O., and Adesina O. B., 2006 Extraction and quantitave assessment of african sweet orange seed oil. African J. Food Agric. Nutrition Develop., 6, 2-11.
Nzikou J. M., Kimbonguila A., Matos L., Loumouamou B., Pambou-Tobi N. P. G., Ndangui C. B., Abena A. A., Silou Th., Scher J., and Desobry S., 2010. Extraction and characteristics of seed kernel oil from mango (Mangifera indica) Res. J. Environ. Earth Sci., 2(1), 31-35.
Oladimeji M. O., Adebayo A. O., and Adegbesan A. H., 2001. Physicochemical properties of Hausa melon seed flour. Ultra Sci., 13, 374-377.
Predojevic Z. J., 2008. The production of biodiesel from waste frying oils: A comparison of different purification steps. Fuel, 87, 3522-3528.