Newly Diagnosed Diabetes Mellitus in Bihor County Between 2016 and 2017 Demographic Indicators, Classification, Complications, Cardio Metabolic Risk Factors and Treatment

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Abstract

Bihor is a county in north-western Romania with a population of approximately 600000. One (5) study performed at the beginning of this decade addressing diabetes epidemiology in Romania demonstrated a high prevalence of diabetes in Bihor, the cause being the obesity (1) epidemics as consequence of inadequate diet (high lipid content, refined sugars) and physical inactivity. Our study demonstrates the increasing prevalence (4.71% in 2011 vs. 5.24% in 2016) of diabetes in the county. Also by analyzing different epidemiological parameters we determined the profile of the newly diagnosed diabetes patient in Bihor including only the patients diagnosed in 2016 and 2017. The newly diagnosed diabetic patient is more often female than male (52.78% vs. 47.22%), from urban environment (51.84% vs 48.16%), belongs to the age group 47-65 years (57.35%), is obese (54.47%) is affected by hypertension (70.65%), dyslipidemia (72.3%), is smoker in 23.56% of cases and sedentary in 30.50% of cases.

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