Entrepreneurial Intention among Polytechnic Students in Self- Efficacy and Social Networks

Open access

Abstract

This study was carried out to examine the role of self-efficacy and social networks on entrepreneurial intention among polytechnic students in Ile - Ife Osun state, Nigeria. Theory of Reasoned action was used as a theoretical framework for this study. A survey design was adopted. The data for this study was collected in 2018 via a purposive sampling technique, where 240 students (81 females and 159 males) with age range of 21–35 years (M = 23.61, SD = 2.63) were selected from one polytechnic. Inferential statistics (t-test for independent measure) was used to test the hypotheses in this study. Result showed that there was significant difference between entrepreneurial intention of polytechnic students with low self-efficacy and high self-efficacy. There was significant difference between entrepreneurial intention of polytechnic students with low social network and high social network. Therefore, to improve entrepreneurial intention among polytechnic students, psychologists should organize psycho-educational interventions aim at increasing self-efficacy and social networks of polytechnic students.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Abubakar S. Salwa K. & Amina M. (2014). An assessment of students’ entrepreneurial intention in tertiary institution: A case of Kano state polytechnic Nigeria. International Journal Asian Social 4(3) 434-443.

  • Afsaneh F. & Zaidatol Y. (2014). Relationship between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention among Malaysian university students. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal 6(1) 58-63.

  • Agbim K. C. Oriarewo G. O. & Owocho M. (2012).Factors influencing entrepreneurial intentions among graduates of Nigerian tertiary institutions. International Journal of Business and Management Invention 2 36-44.

  • Ajzen I. & Fishben M. (2005). The influence of attitudes on behaviour. The Handbook of Attitudes 173-221.

  • Akanbi S. T. (2013). Familial Factors Personality Traits and Self-Efficacy as Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intention among Postgraduate Students in Nigerian Universities: Conceptual Review Intention among Vocational Based College Of Education Students in Oyo State Nigeria. An unpublished P.hd Thesis from the department of education University of Ibadan Nigeria.

  • Ali A. Topping K.J. & Tariq H.R. (2010). Entrepreneurial attributes among postgraduate students of a Pakistani university US-China. Education Review 7(5) 66-77.

  • Ameh A. & Udu A. (2016). Social Networks and Entrepreneurship Orientation among Students in Nigerian Universities: A Study of Social Network Size and Risk Disposition. Business and Management Research 5(2) 1-11.

  • Amos A. Oluseye O. & Bosede A.(2015).Influence of Contextual Factors on Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students: The Nigerian Experience. Journal of South African Business Research 2-10. https://doi.org/10.5171/2015.750622

  • Asaju K. Arome S. & Anyio S. (2014). The rising rate of unemployment in Nigeria the socio-economic and political implications. Global Business and Economic Research Journal 3(2) 12–32.

  • Ayedun T. & Ajayi M.(2018).Entrepreneurial Intention among Students of Selected Tertiary Institutions in Ondo State. International Journal of Development Strategies in HumanitiesManagement and Social Sciences 8(1) 1-16

  • Bandura A. (1986). The explanatory and predictive scope of self-efficacy theory. Journal of Clinical and Social Psychology 4 359-373.

  • Bandura A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman.

  • Baum J. R.. & Locke E. A. (2015). The relationship of entrepreneurial traits skill and motivation to subsequent venture growth. Journal of Applied Psychology 89 587–598.

  • Bhandari N. C. (2012). Relationship between students’ gender their own employment their parents’ employment and the students’ intention for entrepreneurship. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education 15 133-144.

  • Bird B. J. (1988). Implementing entrepreneurial ideas: The case of intention. Academy of Management Review 13 (3) 442-453.

  • Carmen A. & Joaquín G. (2012). Entrepreneurial intention models as applied to Latin America” Journal of Organizational Change Management 25 (5) 721 – 735

  • Chen CC. Greene PG. & Crick A. (1998). Does entrepreneurial self-efficacy distinguish entrepreneurs from managers? Journal of Small Business Venturing 13(4) 295–316.

  • Deh I. Y. Asuamah S. Y. & Agyemang I. K. (2013). The Link between Demographics and Perceive Barriers to Entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Development 1(1) 42-50.

  • Dohse D. & Walter S. G. (2010). The role of entrepreneurship education and regional context in forming entrepreneurial intentions: Document de treball de l'IEB. ent.ut.ac.ir/jger/images/usersfiles/1/file/pdf/kim%20kliver%201.pdf.

  • Fairoz F.M. Hirobumi T. & Tanaka Y. (2010). Entrepreneurial Orientation and Business Performance of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises of Hambantota Distinct Sri Lanka. Asian Social Science 6 (3) 34-46. URL: http://www.mgt.ruh.ac.ik/staff-index.php?page=5 user=mafasiya

  • Felzensztein C. & Gimmon E. (2013). Social Network and Marketing Cooperation in Entrepreneurial Clusters: An International Comparative Study. Journal of International Entrepreneurship 4 01-11. D0I: 1007/510843-009-0041-2

  • Fu J. (2011). Understanding career commitment of IT professionals: Perspectives of push-pull–mooring framework and investment model. International Journal of Information Management 31 279–293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2010.08.008

  • Gasse Y. & Tremblay M. (2011). Entrepreneurial beliefs and intentions: A cross-cultural study of university students in seven countries. International Journal of Business 16(4) 303.

  • Hmieleski O. & Corbett (2006). Influence of Social Capital on Entrepreneurial Opportunity Recognition Behaviour. International Journal of Economics and Management 5(1) 351-368. Retrieved from: http://econ.upm.edu.my/ijem/vol5 no2/bab10.pdf.

  • Jawahar D.P. & Nigama K. (2011). Influence of Social Capital on Entrepreneurial Opportunity Recognition Behaviour. International Journal of Economics and Management 5(1) pp351-368.URL: http://econ.upm.edu.my/ijem/vol5no2/bab10.pdf

  • Kacperezyk J.A (2012). Social Influence and Entrepreneurship; The Effect of University Peers on Entrepreneurial Entry. Organization Science Articles in Advance 13 1-20.

  • Kaegon L. E. & Nwogu U. J. (2012). Entrepreneurship Education in Nigerian Universities: A Panacea for Unemployment in Nigeria: British Journal of Advance Academic Research 1 (1) 57-67.

  • Klyver K. & Schott T. (2011). How Social Network Structure Shapes Entrepreneurial Intentions. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research 1(1) 03-19.

  • Klyver K. (2006). Action Focus: Using social networks – a guide for entrepreneurs. Australian Graduate School of Entrepreneurship Research Report Series 3 no. 7. Melbourne: Swinburne University of Technology.

  • Klyver K.. (2007). Entrepreneurs' social networks – encouragement or criticism paper presented at 24th Babson Kaufman Entrepreneurship Research Conference Glasgow 2-5 June 2004

  • Konrad P. (2013).Networking Strategies for Entrepreneurs. International Opportunity Recognition Among Small and Medium Sized Family Firms. Journal of Small Business Management 49(3) 490-514.

  • Krueger N. F. (2000). The cognitive infrastructure of opportunity emergence. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice 3 5–23.

  • Kuehn K. (2013). Entrepreneurial intentions research: Implications for entrepreneurship education. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education 11 87-98.

  • Lee D. & Tsang E. (2001).The effects of entrepreneurial personality background and network activities on venture growth. Journal of Management Studies 38(4) 583-602.

  • Lee L. Wong P. K. & Foo M. D. (2005). Antecedents of entrepreneurial propensity: findings from Singapore Hong-Kong and Taiwan MPRA paper No 2615 retrieved online at http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/2615.

  • Lent J. (2012).The Entrepreneurial Propensity of Women. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 31 341-364.

  • Muhammad D. A. (2012). Entrepreneurial Intention among Undergraduate Students In International Islamic University Malaysia-IIUM: A paper presented at the 6th Islamic Development Management Conference (IDMAC 2012) Universiti of Sains Malaysia.

  • Muhammed C. (2009). Impact of contextual factors on entrepreneurial intention in India International Journal Eng Management Research 3(6) 76-82

  • National Bureau of Statistics (2016). Bureau Report of the National Bureau Report.

  • Ogunnaike O. O. & Kehinde O. J. (2013). Social Networking and Business Performance: The Case of Selected Entrepreneurs in Ota Nigeria. Journal of Business Administration and Management Sciences Research 2(5) 116-122. URL: http:/www.apexjournal.org/JBAMSR.

  • Ojewumi A. Oyeleke J. Agberotimi F. & Adedayo O. (2018). The Influence of Gender and Self- Efficacy on Entrepreneurial Intentions among Obafemi Awolowo University Undergraduate Students. Africology: The Journal of Pan African Studies 11 (2) 169-185.

  • Ojiaku C. Nkamnebe D. & Nwaizugbo C. (2018).Determinants of entrepreneurial intentions among young graduates: perspectives of push-pull-mooring model. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research 12 8-24.

  • Okafor C. & Ameh A.(2017).Social Networks and Entrepreneurship Orientation among Students in Nigerian Universities: A Study of Social Network Density and Proactiveness. International Journal of Business and Management Invention 6 (7) 33-41.

  • Okoye L. (2016). Psychosocial predictors of entrepreneurial intention among Nigerian graduates. International Journal of Psychology and Counselling 8(6) 73-80.

  • Olanrewaju A.(2013).Demographics Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control as Determinants of Adolescents’ Entrepreneurial Intention in Ogun State Nigeria. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences 1 (12) 59-67.

  • Ostgaard TA. & Birley S.(1994). Personal Networks and Firms’ Competitive Strategy - A Strategic or Coincidental Match? Journal of Business Venturing 9(4) 281-305.

  • Owoseni O. O. (2014). The Influence of Some Personality Factors on Entrepreneurial Intentions. International Journal of Business and Social Science 5(1) 278-284.

  • Reynolds PD. Camp SM. Bygrave WD. Autio E. & Hay M. (2001). Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2001 Executive Report Kauffman Centre for Entrepreneurial Leadership.

  • Ripolles L. & Blesa R. (2005). The Role of Advice Sources for Entrepreneurship and Innovation. 35th DRUID Celebration Conference 2013 Barcelona Spain June 17-19. http://dx.doi.org/jelcodesM13033

  • Rosenberg M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.

  • Shapero A. & Sokol L. (1982). The social dimensions of entrepreneurship. Englewood Cliffs: Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship.

  • Tarus T. Kemboi A. Okemwa D. & Otiso K. (2016). Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intention: Selected Kenyan Universities Service Sector Perspective. International Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Research 4(6)1-52

  • Vivarelli M.(2012). Drivers of Entrepreneurship and Post-Entry Performance: Microeconomic Evidence from Advanced and Developing Countries; World Bank Policy Research Working Paper WPS6245.

  • Welter F. & Kautonen T. (2005). Trust social networks and enterprise development: Exploring evidence from East and West Germany. International Entrepreneurship & Management Journal 1(3) 367-379.

  • Zafar M.J. Yasin G. & Ijaz M. (2012). Social Networking as a Source for Developing Entrepreneurial Intentions among Entrepreneurs; A Case of Multan. Asian Economic and Financial Review 2(8) 1072-1084. URL: http://www.aessweb.com/pdf-files/1072-1084.pdf.

  • Zeng F. Liu Q. Zheng M. & Cao X.(2017).Emotional Competences and Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Case Study of College Student Entrepreneurs. International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities 13(1) 11-22

  • Zhao F. (2015). Exploring the synergy between entrepreneurship and innovation. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Research 11 (1) 25-41.

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 83 83 35
PDF Downloads 70 70 22