Optimization of Heat Transfer Properties of Nanofluid Flow Over a Shrinking Surface Through Mathematical Modeling

A. Bhandari 1  and R.K. Pavan Kumar Pannala 1
  • 1 University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Department of Mathematics, School of Engineering, Dehradun, India


In the current study, a three dimensional incompressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nanofluid flow over a shrinking surface with associated thermal buoyancy, thermal radiation, and heating absorption effects, as well as viscous dissipation have been investigated. The model has been represented in a set of partial differential equations and is transformed using suitable similarity transformations which are then solved by using the finite element method through COMSOL. The results for velocity and temperature profiles are provided for various values of the shrinking parameter, Biot’s number, heat generation/absorption parameter, thermal Grashof number, nanoparticle volume fraction, permeability parameter, magnetic parameter and radiation parameter.

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