Performance of Four Different Nanoparticles in Boundary Layer Flow Over a Stretching Sheet in Porous Medium Driven by Buoyancy Force

B. Ammani Kuttan 1 , S. Manjunatha 1 , S. Jayanthi 2  and B.J. Gireesha 3
  • 1 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Engineering, , Bengaluru, India
  • 2 Department of Mathematics, BMS College of Engineering, Bengaluru, India
  • 3 Department of Studies and Research in Mathematics, Kuvempu University Shankaraghatta-577 451, Shimoga, India

Abstract

This contemporary work explores the theoretical analysis of energy transfer performance of distinct nanoparticles (silver, copper, aluminium oxide and titanium oxide) adjacent to a moving surface under the influence of a porous medium which is driven by the buoyancy force. A mathematical model is presented which is converted to similarity equations by employing similarity transformation. The condensed nonlinear equations were approximated by the iterative method called RKF 45th-order. The flow and energy transference characteristics are explained through graphs and tabulated values. The notable findings are: silver- water is an appropriate nanofluid for enhancing the thermal conductivity of the base fluid. Titanium oxide – water shows a lower fluid flow movement due to porosity.

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