The Highest Rate of Public Trust in Judiciary in Twenty Years in Lithuania: Trend or Coincidence?

Open access

Summary

Until 2018 public trust in judiciary in Lithuania was more negative than positive. Results of 2018 are exceptional as show the highest rates of trust in 22 years. The aim of this article – to find out if these results are coincidence or indicate increase of public trust in judiciary. To explore this issue this paper will analyze the concept and dynamics of trust in judiciary, possible measures of professionalism and examine how these aspects are reflected in Lithuanian judiciary. Our research reveals two main reasons for the improved trust in the judiciary: good performance including use of technology and greater transparency that provides the public greater access to information about the justice system.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • BAUMEISTER Roy F BRATSLAVSKY Ellen FINKENAUER Catrin VOHS Kathleen D. Bad Is Stronger than Good. Review of General Psychology 2001 vol. 5 no. 4 pp. 323–70.

  • BRUNALAS Benas. Naujausios Apklausos: Rekordinis Pasitikėjimas Teismais [Latest Surveys: Record Trust in Courts]. [online]. Available at: <https://www.delfi.lt/a/78638041> Accessed: 23.08.2018

  • BÜHLMANN Mark KUNZ Ruth. Confidence in the Judiciary: Comparing the Independence and Legitimacy of Judicial Systems. West European Politics 2011 vol. 34 no. 2 pp. 317–345.

  • ÇAKIR Aylin Aydin ŞEKERCIOĞLU Eser. Public Confidence in the Judiciary: The Interaction between Political Awareness and Level of Democracy. Democratization 2015 vol. 23 no. 4 pp. 634–656.

  • CARRINGTON Paul D. Butterfly Effects: The Possibilities of Law Teaching in a Democracy. Duke Law Journal 1992 vol.41 no. 4 pp. 741–805.

  • CURTIN Deirdre MEIJER Albert Jacob. Does Transparency Strengthen Legitimacy? Information Polity 2006 vol. 11 no. 2 pp. 109–122.

  • DOBRYNINAS Aleksandras DRAKŠIENĖ Anna GAIDYS Vladas VILEIKIENĖ Eglė. Pasitikėjimo Lietuvos Teisėsauga Profiliai [Profiles of Trust in Lithuanian Law Enforcement]. Vilnius: Vilnius University Press 2012.

  • EGONDA-NTENDE Frederick. The Role of Information Technology in Modernising the Courts. [online]. Presented to a Conference of the Southern African Judges Commission Uganda 3—6 February 2005. Available at: <http://www.venice.coe.int/SACJF/2005_02_UGA_Entebbe/Rep_Egonda_Ntende.htm> Accessed: 08.07.2018.

  • FISCHER Dirk-Hinnerk. Making a Mark—Time Changing Politics from Estonia: An Alternative Idea for the British Bulgarian and Estonian EU Presidency. Baltic Journal of European Studies 2016 Vol. 6 No. 1 pp. 175–191.

  • GAIDYS Vladas. Sociologas: atsistatyti gyventojų pasitikėjimui teismais užtruks [Sociologist: It will take time to restore the confidence of the people in the courts]. [online]. Available at: <https://www.15min.lt/naujiena/aktualu/lietuva/sociologas-atsistatytigyventoju-pasitikejimui-teismais-uztruks-56-1133674> Accessed 08.07.2019.

  • GIBSON James L. CALDEIRA Gregory A. Citizens courts and confirmations: Positivity theory and the judgments of the American people. Princeton: Princeton University Press 2009.

  • GRIMMELIKHUIJSEN Stephan KLIJN Albert. The effects of judicial transparency on public trust: evidence from a field experiment: effects of judicial transparency on public trust. Public Administration 2015 vol. 93 no. 4 pp. 995–1011.

  • GRUODYTĖ Edita BERKMANAS Tomas KIRŠIENĖ Julija KIRCHNER Stefan GERVIENĖ Silvija SZYMANSKI Charles F. ŽIŽIENĖ Simona VERŠINSKAS Tomas MALINAUSKAS Vygantas. Teisininkų etika: nuo status quo pavyzdinio modelio link [Legal ethics: from status quo towards exemplary model]. Monograph. Vytautas Magnus University: Vytautas Magnus University Press 2016.

  • GRUODYTĖ Edita. The disciplinary liability of Lithuanian lawyers: a comparative approach. Baltic Journal of Law & Politics 2014 vol. 7 no. 2 pp. 1–36.

  • HOUGH Mike SATO Mai (ed.) Trust in Justice: Why It Is Important for Criminal Policy and How It Can Be Measured. [online]. Available at: <https://www.heuni.fi/material/attachments/heuni/reports/6KnfuLmJb/Text_pages_1-47.pdf> Accessed: 05.03.2019.

  • KIRŠIENĖ Julija. Trimatė teisininko profesijos krizės problema [The crisis of legal profession as three-dimensional problem]. Jurisprudencija 2015 vol. 22 no. 2 pp. 191–205.

  • LICHT Jenny de Fine. Do We Really Want to Know? The Potentially Negative Effect of Transparency in Decision Making on Perceived Legitimacy. Scandinavian Political Studies 2011 vol. 34 no. 3 pp. 183–201.

  • MARTIN Gary. There Are Three Kinds of Lies: Lies Damned Lies and Statistics – the Meaning and Origin of This Phrase. [online]. Available at: <https://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/lies-damned-lies-and-statistics.html.> Accessed: 16.12.2018.

  • NAIS Acquaviva FLORENCE Castagnet MORGANE Evanghelou. A comparative analysis of disciplinary systems for European judges and prosecutors. [online]. Available at: <http://www.ejtn.eu/Documents/Themis%202012/THEMIS%202012%20ERFURT%20DOCUMENT/Written%20paper%20France%203.pdf> Accessed: 16.02.2019.

  • Naujausia apklausa: šalies gyventojai labiausiai pasitiki ugniagesiais gelbėtojais [The latest survey: The country’s residents rely most on firefighters] [online]. Available at: <http://kauno.diena.lt/naujienos/lietuva/salies-pulsas/naujausia-apklausa-salies-gyventojailabiausiai-pasitiki-ugniagesiais-gelbetojais-877165> Accessed: 01.03.2019.

  • NORKŪNAS Algis GUTAUSKAS AurelijusVALYTĖ Toma PAULIUKAITĖ Aurelija. (2017) Lietuvos Respublikos teisėjų etikos kodeksas – praktinis vadovas [Code of ethics of the judges of the Republic of Lithuania-Practical guide] [online]. Available at: <https://www.teismai.lt/data/public/uploads/2017/09/tek-praktinis-vadovas-2017-09-29.pdf> Accessed: 21.02. 2019.

  • PETERS Timothy CRAWLEY Karen. (ed.) Envisioning Legality: Law Culture and Representation. UK: Routledge 2017.

  • RAIŠIENĖ Agota Giedrė JONUŠAUSKAS Steponas. Informacinių ir komunikacinių technologijų įtaka darbuotojų technostresui: situacijos Lietuvoje charakteristika [Influence of information and communication technologies on employee technostress: situation in Lithuanian organizations]. INFORMACIJOS MOKSLAI 2013 vol. 66 pp. 78–95.

  • REILING Dory. Technology for justice. How information technology can support judicial reform. Dissertation. Leiden: Leiden university press 2009.

  • REUTERS. Lithuania Arrests Eight Top Judges in Anti-Corruption Crackdown. [online]. Available at: <https://www.reuters.com/article/us-lithuania-corruption-idUSKCN-1Q922O> Accessed 20.06.2019.

  • ROSA Joao TEIXEIRA Claudio PINTO Joaquim Sousa. Risk factors in e-justice information systems. Government Information Quarterly 2013 vol. 30 issue 3 pp. 241–256.

  • RUZGYTĖ Eglė. Teisininko profesija ir etika: riba tarp teisės ir moralės [The legal profession and ethics: the line Between law and morality]. Parlamento studijos 2017 vol. 23 pp. 122–153.

  • SCHROEDER Werner. The EU Founding Values – Constitutional Character and Legal Implications. EUROPEAN STUDIES 2016 vol. 3 pp. 50–64.

  • SCHWAB Klaus. (Ed) The Global Competitiveness Report 2016–2017: insight report. [online]. Available at: <http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GCR2016-2017/05FullReport/TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport2016-2017_FINAL.pdf> Accessed: 24.11.2018.

  • TYLER Tom R. Public Trust and Confidence in Legal Authorities: What Do Majority and Minority Group Members Want from the Law and Legal Institutions? Behavioral Sciences & the Law 2001 vol. 19 no. 2 pp. 215–235.

  • TYLER Tom R. Why People Obey The Law. Princeton: Princeton University Press 2006.

  • VAIČELIŪNAITĖ Gabija. A. Dobryninas: Apie Pasitikėjimą Teismais Ir Požiūrį į Valstybę [A.Dobryninas. About Trust in Justice and Attitude to the State]. [online]. Available at: <https://www.delfi.lt/a/76660913> Accessed 23.08.2018.

  • VILMORUS 2018. Available at: <http://www.vilmorus.lt/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=2&cntnt01returnid=20> Accessed: 23.11. 2018.

  • VILMORUS 2019. Available at:<http://www.vilmorus.lt/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=4&cntnt01returnid=20> Accessed: 23.02. 2019.

  • WELCH Eric W. HINNANT Charles C. MOON Jae M. Linking Citizen Satisfaction with E-Government and Trust in Government Journal of Public Administration Research & Theory 2005 vol. 15 no. 3 pp. 371–391.

Search
Journal information
Target audience: researchers and experts in the field of International law and EU Law
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 23 23 8
PDF Downloads 20 20 11