The Emigration and Influence Factors in Romania

Abstract

The economic and social transition affected the population and the demographic phenomena in all the ex-communist countries. Immigration can be considered as a potential solution to the problem of population aging. But here too, it must be born in mind that immigrants may not properly adapt to the new labor market they have entered, if they come from very different cultures. Almost all the countries that have migrants, offer residence permits only to those who bring highly qualified workforce, while the legal possibilities of immigration of the unskilled workers are diminishing. Therefore, the demographic perspectives are not the most optimistic. The forecasts developed by specialists reveal dramatic future developments for the population of Romania. The factors that can cause a person to migrate are of several types. In this study it will be shown that migration is the result of several individual actions of analysis, people evaluating both the benefits and the risks involved by a possible migration.

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