1 Department of Theory of Sport and Kinesiology, Institute of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Physical Education, Krakow, Poland, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego al. Jana Pawła II 78 31-571 Kraków, Poland
2 Department of Sports and Recreational Training, Institute of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Physical Education, Krakow, Poland
Purpose. The aim of the study was to evaluate somatic and functional determinants of sports skill level in badminton players at three consecutive stages of training. Methods. The study examined 96 badminton players aged 11 to 19 years. The scope of the study included somatic characteristics, physical abilities and neurosensory abilities. Thirty nine variables were analysed in each athlete. Coefficients of multiple determination were used to evaluate the effect of structural and functional parameters on sports skill level in badminton players. Results. In the group of younger cadets, quality and effectiveness of playing were mostly determined by the level of physical abilities. In the group of cadets, the most important determinants were physical abilities, followed by somatic characteristics. In this group, coordination abilities were also important. In juniors, the most pronounced was a set of the variables that reflect physical abilities. Conclusions. Models of determination of sports skill level are most noticeable in the group of cadets. In all three groups of badminton players, the dominant effect on the quality of playing is due to a set of the variables that determine physical abilities.
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