Structural Analysis of Technical-Tactical Elements in Table Tennis and their Role in Different Playing Zones

Open access

Abstract

For the purpose of determining the overall structure of technical-tactical elements in table tennis and evaluating their role in different playing zones around the table, a new measuring instrument (a questionnaire) was formulated that took advantage of the expert knowledge of top, world class table tennis coaches. The results of the hierarchical taxonomic (cluster) analysis showed that the overall structure of the technical-tactical elements forming the table tennis technique could be divided into three basic groups; a group of technical-tactical elements (A) used in the phase of preparing one’s own and disabling the opponent’s attack; a group of technical-tactical elements (B) used in the phase of attack and counterattack; and a group of technical-tactical elements (C) used in the phase of defense. The differences among the obtained groups of table tennis elements were determined by applying the Kruskal-Wallis test, while relations between the groups and their role in different playing zones around the table were analyzed by comparing the average values of the experts’ scores.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Cabello Manrique D Gonzáles-Badillo JJ. Analysis of the characteristics of competitive badminton. Brit J Sport Med 2003; 37(1): 62-66. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.37.1.62

  • Djokić Z. Structure of competitors’ activities of top table tennis players. Table Tennis Sciences 2001; 4&5: 74-91

  • Djokić Z. Differences in tactics in game of top players and other factors of success in top table tennis in Proceedings of the Ninth International Table Tennis Federation Sports Science Congress pp 138-144. Zhang XP Xiao DD Dong Y (Eds.); 2007

  • Dong Y. The analysis of the table tennis technique – tactics of eleven-point rule in Proceedings of the Ninth International Table Tennis Federation Sports Science Congress pp 67-69. Zhang XP Xiao DD Dong Y (Eds.); 2007

  • Drianovski Y Otcheva G. Survey of the game styles of some of the best Asian players at the 12th World University Table Tennis Championships (Sofia 1998). Table Tennis Sciences 2000; 4&5: 3-10

  • Galina VB. Competitive activity of the best table tennis players. International Journal of Table Tennis Sciences 1992; 1: 135-139

  • Guan YP Ye Y Li JJ Si J Zhang H. Skill and tactic analysis for table tennis matches in Proceedings of 2011 International Conference on Computer Science and Service System pp 2567-2570. Shanghai: School of Commun. & Inf. Eng. Shanghai University. 2011 doi: 10.1109/CSSS.2011.5973958

  • Hao Z Cai XL He F Hao YJ. Analysis on technique and tactics of Ryu Seung-Min in men’s singles table tennis final and semi-final of the 28th Olympic Games in Athens in Proceedings book of the 10th Anniversary ITTF Sports Science Congress pp 374-382. Kondrič M Furjan Mandić G (Eds.); 2007

  • Harangozo T. Stolni tenis [Table Tennis]. Zagreb: Sportska štampa Zagreb and Sportska knjiga Beograd; 1963

  • Harris CW. Some Rao-Guttman relationships. Psychometrics 1962; 27: 247-263

  • Hudetz R. Technique with Vladimir Samsonov. Zagreb: Huno Sport; 2000

  • Hudetz R. Tactics in Table Tennis. Zagreb: Huno Sport; 2003

  • Jain A Dubes RC. Algorithms for clustering data. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall; 1988

  • Lees A. Technique analysis in sports: A critical review. J Sport Sci 2002; 20(10): 813-828. doi: 10.1080/026404102320675657

  • Lees A. Science and the major racket sports: A review. J Sport Sci 2003; 21(9): 707-32. doi: 10.1080/0264041031000140275

  • Méndez Patiño A Delgado JJD Martínez Peiró MA. Software used as tactical tool and of training for table tennis. International Journal of Table Tennis Sciences 2010; 6: 51-54

  • Molodzoff P. Advanced coaching manual. Lausanne: ITTF; 2008

  • Momirović K Wolf B Popović D. Introduction to the Theory of Measurement and Internal Characteristics of Composite Measurement Instruments. Priština: Faculty of Physical Culture University of Priština. (In Serbian); 1999

  • O’Donoghue P. The most important points in Grand Slam singles tennis. Res Q Exercise Sport 2001; 72(2): 125-131

  • Pfeiffer M Zhang H Hohmann A. A Markov chain model of elite table tennis competition. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching 2010; 5(2): 205-222. doi: 10.1260/1747-9541.5.2.205

  • Poizat G Bourbousson J Saury J Seve C. Analysis of contextual information sharing during table tennis matches: An empirical study of coordination in sports. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 2009; 7(4): 465-487. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2009.9671920

  • Poizat G Bourbousson J Saury J Sève C. Understanding team coordination in doubles table tennis: Joint analysis of first- and third-person data. Psychol Sport Exerc 2012; 13(5): 630-639. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.03.008

  • Pradas F Floría P Carrasco L Beamonte A. Design and development of an observational tool for evaluating table tennis singles matches. International Journal of Table Tennis Sciences 2010; 6: 181-185

  • Sun QL. The analysis of the forehand break – through tactics of 11-points rule in Proceedings of the Ninth International Table Tennis Federation Sports Science Congress pp 112-113. Zhang XP Xiao DD Dong Y (Eds.); 2007

  • Yu L Zhang H Dai J. Theory and methods of analyzing techniques & tactics of net antagonistic event competitions. Journal of Shanghai University of Sport 2007; 31(3): 48-53

  • Yu L Zhang H Hu J. Computer diagnostics for the analysis of table tennis matches. International Journal of Sports Science and Engineering 2008; 2(3): 144-153

  • Wang J Yu L Zhang H. Technical diagnosis of table tennis matches based on importance of attribute. Journal of Shanghai University of Sport 2009; 33(6): 88-90

  • Ward JH. Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. J Am Stat Assoc 1963; 58(301): 236-244

  • Wohlgefahrt K. Special training apprenticeship – table tennis. Manual for coaches in a promising area. Moers: Joh. Brendow & Sohn Verlag GmbH. (In German); 2004

  • Zhan P Ward P Li W Sutherland S Goodway J. Effects of play practice on teaching table tennis skills. J Teach Phys Educ 2012; 31(1): 71-85

  • Zhang H Dai J Shi F. Research on technical & tactical characteristics of racket games. Journal of Shanghai University of Sport 2007; 31: 65-69

  • Zhang H Hohmann A. Performance diagnosis through mathematical simulation in table tennis game. Journal of Shanghai University of Sport 2004; 28(2): 68-72

  • Zhao X Cai XL Li XT. Techniques and tactics of Chinese penhold-grip players with inverted rubber in Proceedings of the Ninth International Table Tennis Federation Sports Science Congress pp 167-173. Zhang XP Xiao DD Dong Y (Eds.); 2007

  • Zhao HQ Sun J Shao HZ Wang LX Jin JC. The design and implement of a software system for analyzing technical – tactics of table tennis match in Proceedings of the Ninth International Table Tennis Federation Sports Science Congress pp 162-166. Zhang XP Xiao DD Dong Y (Eds.); 2007

  • Zhe H Xueling C Yujiao H Jingjing Z Manliang H. Analysis on Ryu Seungmin’s technique and tactics in man’s single table tennis final and semi final of the 28th Olympic Games in Athens. Journal of Beijing Sport University 2007; 30(2): 258-260

  • Zhe H Zhensheng T Yujiao H Jili S. Analysis on technique and tactics of Lin Ma and Hao Wang in the men's single table tennis final in the 29th Olympic Games. International Journal of Table Tennis Sciences 2010; 6: 74-78

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.414
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.858

CiteScore 2018: 1.60

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.644
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.941

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 376 209 16
PDF Downloads 164 99 14