Physical Demands of Top-Class Soccer Friendly Matches in Relation to a Playing Position Using Global Positioning System Technology

Open access

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the physical demands imposed on professional soccer players during 11-a-side friendly matches in relation to their playing position, using global positioning system (GPS) technology. One hundred and eleven match performances of a Spanish “La Liga” team during the 2010-11 and 2011-12 pre-seasons were selected for analysis. The activities of the players were monitored using GPS technology with a sampling frequency of 1 Hz. Total distance covered, distance in different speed categories, accelerations, and heart rate responses were analyzed in relation to five different playing positions: central defenders (n=23), full-backs (n=20), central midfielders (n=22), wide midfielders (n=26), and forwards (n=20). Distance covered during a match averaged 10.8 km, with wide and central midfielders covering the greatest total distance. Specifically, wide midfielders covered the greatest distances by very high-intensity running (>19.8 km·h-1) and central midfielders by jogging and running (7.2-19.7 km·h-1). On the other hand, central defenders covered the least total distance and at high intensity, although carried out more (p<0.05-0.01) accelerations than forwards, wide midfielders, and fullbacks. The work rate profile of the players obtained with the GPS was very similar to that obtained with semi-automatic image technologies. However, when comparing results from this study with data available in the literature, important differences were detected in the amount of distance covered by sprinting, which suggests that caution should be taken when comparing data obtained with the GPS with other motion analysis systems, especially regarding high-intensity activities.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Aughey RJ. Australian Football player work rate: Evidence of fatigue and pacing? Int J Sports Phys Perf 2010; 5: 394-405

  • Barbero-Álvarez JC Coutts A Granda J Barbero-Álvarez V Castagna C. The validity and reliability of a global positioning system device to assess speed and repeated sprint ability (RSA) in athletes. J Sci Med Sport 2010; 13: 232-235

  • Bradley PS Sheldon W Wooster B Olsen P Boanas P Krustrup P. High-intensity running in English FA Premier League soccer matches. J Sports Sci 2009; 27: 159-168

  • Bucheit M Al Haddad H Simpson BM Palazzi D Bourdon PC Di Salvo V Mendez-Villanueva A. Monitoring accelerations with GPS in football: Time to slow down? Int J Sports Phys Perf 2014; 9: 442-445

  • Carling C Bloomfield J Nelsen L Reilly T. The role of motion analysis in elite soccer: Contemporary performance measurement techniques and work rate data. Sports Med 2008; 38: 839-62

  • Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences (2nd Edition). Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum; 1998

  • Coutts A Duffield R. Validity and reliability of GPS devices for measuring movement demands of team sports. J Sci Med Sport 2010; 13: 133-135

  • Cummins C Orr R O´Connor H West C. Global positioning systems (GPS) and microtechnology sensors in team sports: A systematic review. Sports Med 2013; 43: 1025-1042

  • Cunniffe B Proctor W Baker JS Davies B. An evaluation of the physiological demands of elite rugby union using global positioning system tracking software. J Strength Cond Res 2009; 23: 1195-1203

  • Dellal A Chamari K Wong DP Ahmaidi S Keller D Barros R Bisciotti GN Carling C. Comparison of physical and technical performance in European soccer match-play: FA Premier League and La Liga. Eur J Sports Sci 2011; 11: 51-59

  • Dellal A Da Silva C Hill-Haas S Wong DP Natali AJ De Lima JRP Filho MGB Marins JCB Garcia ES Chamari K. Heart rate monitoring in soccer: Interest and limits during competitive match play and training – Practical applications. J Strength Cond Res 2012; 26: 2890-2906

  • Di Salvo V Baron R Tschan H Calderon Montero FJ Bachl N Pigozzi F. Performance characteristics according to playing position in elite soccer. Int J Sports Med 2007; 28: 222-227

  • Di Salvo V Gregson W Atkinson G Tordoff P Drust B. Analysis of high intensity activity in Premier League soccer. Int J Sports Med 2009; 30: 205-212

  • Di Salvo V Baron R Gonzalez C Gormasz C Pigozzi F Bachl N. Sprinting analysis of elite soccer players during European Champions League and UEFA Cup matches. J Sports Sci 2010; 28: 1489-1494

  • Drust B Atkinson G Reilly T. Future perspectives in the evaluation of the physiological demands of soccer. Sports Med 2007; 37: 783-805

  • Gaudino P Iaia FM Alberti G Strudwick AJ Atkinson G Gregson W. Monitoring training in elite soccer players: Systematic bias between running speed and metabolic power data. Int J Sports Med 2013; 34: 963-968

  • Harley JA Lovell RJ Barnes CA Portus MD Weston M. The interchangeability of global positioning system and semiautomated video-based performance data during soccer match play. J Strength Cond Res 2011; 25: 2334-2336

  • Impellizzeri FM Rampinini E Marcora SM. Physiological assessment of aerobic training in soccer. J Sports Sci 2005; 23: 583-592

  • Krustrup P Mohr M Amstrup T Rysgaard T Johansen J Steensberg A Pedersen PK Bangsbo J. The yo-yo intermittent recovery test: Physiological response reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2003; 35: 697-705

  • Larsson P. Global positioning system and sport-specific testing. Sports Med 2003; 33: 1093-1101

  • MacLeod H Morris J Nevill A Sunderland C. The validity of a non-differential global positioning system for assessing player movement patterns in field hockey. J Sports Sci 2009; 27: 121-128

  • Mallo J Navarro E García-Aranda JM Helsen W. Activity profile of top-class association football referees in relation to fitness-test performance and match standard. J Sports Sci 2009; 27: 9-17

  • McLellan CP Lovell DI Gass GC. Biochemical and endocrine responses to impact and collision during elite rugby league match play. J Strength Cond Res 2011; 25: 1553-1562

  • Mohr M Krustrup P Bangsbo J. Match performance of high-standard soccer players with special reference to development of fatigue. J Sports Sci 2003; 21: 519-528

  • Osgnach C Poser S Bernardini R Rinaldo R Di Prampero PE. Energy cost and metabolic power in elite soccer: A new match analysis approach. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2010; 42: 170-178

  • Rampinini E Coutts AJ Castagna C Sassi R Impellizzeri FM. Variation in top level soccer match performance. Int J Sports Med 2007; 28: 1018-1024

  • Randers MB Rostgaard T Krustrup P. Physical match performance and yo-yo IR2 test results of successful and unsuccessful football teams in the Danish premier league. J Sports Sci Med 2007; 6(Suppl. 10): 16

  • Randers MB Mujika I Hewitt A Santisteban J Bischoff R Solano R Zubillaga A Peltola E Krustrup P Mohr M. Application of four different match analysis systems: A comparative study. J Sports Sci 2010; 28: 171-182

  • Varley MC Aughey RJ Pedrana A. Accelerations in football. Toward a better understanding of high-intensity activity. Proceedings of VIth World Congress on Science and Football; Nagoya Japan Japenese Society of Science and Football; 2011. p. 343

  • Witte TH Wilson AM. Accuracy of non-differential GPS for the determination of speed over ground. J Biomechanics 2004; 37: 1891-1898

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.414
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.858

CiteScore 2018: 1.60

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.644
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.941

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 657 221 16
PDF Downloads 383 106 18