Physical Demands of Top-Class Soccer Friendly Matches in Relation to a Playing Position Using Global Positioning System Technology

Open access

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the physical demands imposed on professional soccer players during 11-a-side friendly matches in relation to their playing position, using global positioning system (GPS) technology. One hundred and eleven match performances of a Spanish “La Liga” team during the 2010-11 and 2011-12 pre-seasons were selected for analysis. The activities of the players were monitored using GPS technology with a sampling frequency of 1 Hz. Total distance covered, distance in different speed categories, accelerations, and heart rate responses were analyzed in relation to five different playing positions: central defenders (n=23), full-backs (n=20), central midfielders (n=22), wide midfielders (n=26), and forwards (n=20). Distance covered during a match averaged 10.8 km, with wide and central midfielders covering the greatest total distance. Specifically, wide midfielders covered the greatest distances by very high-intensity running (>19.8 km·h-1) and central midfielders by jogging and running (7.2-19.7 km·h-1). On the other hand, central defenders covered the least total distance and at high intensity, although carried out more (p<0.05-0.01) accelerations than forwards, wide midfielders, and fullbacks. The work rate profile of the players obtained with the GPS was very similar to that obtained with semi-automatic image technologies. However, when comparing results from this study with data available in the literature, important differences were detected in the amount of distance covered by sprinting, which suggests that caution should be taken when comparing data obtained with the GPS with other motion analysis systems, especially regarding high-intensity activities.

Aughey RJ. Australian Football player work rate: Evidence of fatigue and pacing? Int J Sports Phys Perf, 2010; 5: 394-405

Barbero-Álvarez JC, Coutts A, Granda J, Barbero-Álvarez V, Castagna, C. The validity and reliability of a global positioning system device to assess speed and repeated sprint ability (RSA) in athletes. J Sci Med Sport, 2010; 13: 232-235

Bradley PS, Sheldon W, Wooster B, Olsen P, Boanas P, Krustrup P. High-intensity running in English FA Premier League soccer matches. J Sports Sci, 2009; 27: 159-168

Bucheit M, Al Haddad H, Simpson BM, Palazzi D, Bourdon PC, Di Salvo V, Mendez-Villanueva A. Monitoring accelerations with GPS in football: Time to slow down? Int J Sports Phys Perf, 2014; 9: 442-445

Carling C, Bloomfield J, Nelsen L, Reilly T. The role of motion analysis in elite soccer: Contemporary performance measurement techniques and work rate data. Sports Med, 2008; 38: 839-62

Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences (2nd Edition). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum; 1998

Coutts A, Duffield R. Validity and reliability of GPS devices for measuring movement demands of team sports. J Sci Med Sport, 2010; 13: 133-135

Cummins C, Orr R, O´Connor H, West C. Global positioning systems (GPS) and microtechnology sensors in team sports: A systematic review. Sports Med, 2013; 43: 1025-1042

Cunniffe B, Proctor W, Baker JS, Davies B. An evaluation of the physiological demands of elite rugby union using global positioning system tracking software. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23: 1195-1203

Dellal A, Chamari K, Wong DP, Ahmaidi S, Keller D, Barros R, Bisciotti GN, Carling C. Comparison of physical and technical performance in European soccer match-play: FA Premier League and La Liga. Eur J Sports Sci, 2011; 11: 51-59

Dellal A, Da Silva C, Hill-Haas S, Wong DP, Natali AJ, De Lima JRP, Filho MGB, Marins JCB, Garcia ES, Chamari K. Heart rate monitoring in soccer: Interest and limits during competitive match play and training – Practical applications. J Strength Cond Res, 2012; 26: 2890-2906

Di Salvo V, Baron R, Tschan H, Calderon Montero FJ, Bachl N, Pigozzi, F. Performance characteristics according to playing position in elite soccer. Int J Sports Med, 2007; 28: 222-227

Di Salvo V, Gregson W, Atkinson G, Tordoff P, Drust B. Analysis of high intensity activity in Premier League soccer. Int J Sports Med, 2009; 30: 205-212

Di Salvo V, Baron R, Gonzalez C, Gormasz C, Pigozzi F, Bachl N. Sprinting analysis of elite soccer players during European Champions League and UEFA Cup matches. J Sports Sci, 2010; 28: 1489-1494

Drust B, Atkinson G, Reilly T. Future perspectives in the evaluation of the physiological demands of soccer. Sports Med, 2007; 37: 783-805

Gaudino P, Iaia FM, Alberti G, Strudwick AJ, Atkinson G, Gregson W. Monitoring training in elite soccer players: Systematic bias between running speed and metabolic power data. Int J Sports Med, 2013; 34: 963-968

Harley JA, Lovell RJ, Barnes CA, Portus MD, Weston M. The interchangeability of global positioning system and semiautomated video-based performance data during soccer match play. J Strength Cond Res, 2011; 25: 2334-2336

Impellizzeri FM, Rampinini E, Marcora SM. Physiological assessment of aerobic training in soccer. J Sports Sci, 2005; 23: 583-592

Krustrup P, Mohr M, Amstrup T, Rysgaard T, Johansen J, Steensberg A, Pedersen PK, Bangsbo J. The yo-yo intermittent recovery test: Physiological response, reliability, and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2003; 35: 697-705

Larsson P. Global positioning system and sport-specific testing. Sports Med, 2003; 33: 1093-1101

MacLeod H, Morris J, Nevill A, Sunderland C. The validity of a non-differential global positioning system for assessing player movement patterns in field hockey. J Sports Sci, 2009; 27: 121-128

Mallo J, Navarro E, García-Aranda JM, Helsen W. Activity profile of top-class association football referees in relation to fitness-test performance and match standard. J Sports Sci, 2009; 27: 9-17

McLellan CP, Lovell DI, Gass GC. Biochemical and endocrine responses to impact and collision during elite rugby league match play. J Strength Cond Res, 2011; 25: 1553-1562

Mohr M, Krustrup P, Bangsbo J. Match performance of high-standard soccer players with special reference to development of fatigue. J Sports Sci, 2003; 21: 519-528

Osgnach C, Poser S, Bernardini R, Rinaldo R, Di Prampero PE. Energy cost and metabolic power in elite soccer: A new match analysis approach. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2010; 42: 170-178

Rampinini E, Coutts AJ, Castagna C, Sassi R, Impellizzeri FM. Variation in top level soccer match performance. Int J Sports Med, 2007; 28: 1018-1024

Randers MB, Rostgaard T, Krustrup P. Physical match performance and yo-yo IR2 test results of successful and unsuccessful football teams in the Danish premier league. J Sports Sci Med, 2007; 6(Suppl. 10): 16

Randers MB, Mujika I, Hewitt A, Santisteban J, Bischoff R, Solano R, Zubillaga A, Peltola E, Krustrup P, Mohr M. Application of four different match analysis systems: A comparative study. J Sports Sci, 2010; 28: 171-182

Varley MC, Aughey RJ, Pedrana A. Accelerations in football. Toward a better understanding of high-intensity activity. Proceedings of VIth World Congress on Science and Football; Nagoya, Japan, Japenese Society of Science and Football; 2011. p. 343

Witte TH, Wilson AM. Accuracy of non-differential GPS for the determination of speed over ground. J Biomechanics, 2004; 37: 1891-1898

Journal of Human Kinetics

The Journal of Academy of Physical Education in Katowice

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.174
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.634

CiteScore 2017: 1.31

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.516
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.906

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 514 464 35
PDF Downloads 308 293 13