Acute and Chronic Whole-Body Vibration Exercise does not Induce Health-Promoting Effects on The Blood Profile

Open access


Whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise is an alternative, popular and easy exercise that can be followed by general public. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of acute and chronic WBV exercise on health-related parameters. Twenty-eight women were allocated into a control group (n=11, mean ±SEM: age, 43.5 ±1.5 yr; body mass, 66.1 ±3.1 kg; height, 160.6 ±1.5 cm) and a vibration group (n=17, mean ±SEM: age, 44.0 ±1.0 yr; body mass, 67.1 ±2.2 kg; height, 162.5 ±1.5 cm). After baseline assessments, participants of the experimental group performed WBV training 3 times/week for 8 weeks. Before and after the chronic WBV exercise, the participants of the vibration group performed one session of acute WBV exercise. Blood chemistry measurements (hematology, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, C-reactive protein, glucose, insulin, triacylglycerols, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein A1, apolipoprotein B and lipoprotein, thiobarbituric-acid reactive substances, protein carbonyls, total antioxidant capacity, uric acid, albumin and bilirubin) were assessed pre-exercise and post-exercise at the first and eighth week of WBV exercise in both control and vibration groups. The results failed to support any effect of both acute and chronic WBV exercise on biochemical health-related parameters. However, it seems that WBV exercise is a safe way of training without a negative impact on muscle and liver functionality.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Abercromby AF Amonette WE Layne CS McFarlin BK Hinman MR Paloski WH. Vibration exposure and biodynamic responses during whole-body vibration training. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2007; 39: 1794-1800

  • Annino G Padua E Castagna C Di Salvo V Minichella S Tsarpela O Manzi V D'Ottavio S. Effect of whole body vibration training on lower limb performance in selected high-level ballet students. J Strength Cond Res 2007; 21: 1072-1076

  • Bautmans I Van Hees E Lemper JC Mets T. The feasibility of Whole Body Vibration in institutionalised elderly persons and its influence on muscle performance balance and mobility: a randomised controlled trial [ISRCTN62535013]. BMC Geriatr 2005; 5: 17

  • Bazett-Jones DM Finch HW Dugan EL. Comparing the effects of various whole-body vibration accelerations on counter-movement jump performance. J Sports Sci Med 2008; 7: 144-150

  • Bogaerts A Verschueren S Delecluse C Claessens AL Boonen S. Effects of whole body vibration training on postural control in older individuals: a 1 year randomized controlled trial. Gait Posture 2007; 26: 309-316

  • Bogaerts AC Delecluse C Claessens AL Troosters T Boonen S Verschueren SM. Effects of whole body vibration training on cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength in older individuals (a 1-year randomised controlled trial). Age Ageing 2009; 38: 448-454

  • Booth FW Gordon SE Carlson CJ Hamilton MT. Waging war on modern chronic diseases: primary prevention through exercise biology. J Appl Physiol 2000; 88: 774-787

  • Broadbent S Rousseau JJ Thorp RM Choate SL Jackson FS Rowlands DS. Vibration therapy reduces plasma IL6 and muscle soreness after downhill running. Br J Sports Med 2010; 44: 888-894

  • Bruyere O Wuidart MA Di Palma E Gourlay M Ethgen O Richy F Reginster JY. Controlled whole body vibration to decrease fall risk and improve health-related quality of life of nursing home residents. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 86: 303-307

  • Cardinale M Wakeling J. Whole body vibration exercise: are vibrations good for you? Br J Sports Med 2005; 39: 585-589; discussion 589

  • Chanou K Gerodimos V Karatrantou K Jamurtas AZ. Whole-body vibration and rehabilitation of chronic diseases: A review of the literature. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 2012; 11: 187-200

  • Chmielewska D Piecha M Blaszczak E Krol P Smykla A Juras G. The effect of a single session of whole-body vibration training in recreationally active men on the excitability of the central and peripheral nervous system. J Hum Kinet 2014; 41: 89-98

  • Di Loreto C Ranchelli A Lucidi P Murdolo G Parlanti N De Cicco A Tsarpela O Annino G Bosco C Santeusanio F Bolli GB De Feo P. Effects of whole-body vibration exercise on the endocrine system of healthy men. J Endocrinol Invest 2004; 27: 323-327

  • Fisher-Wellman K Bloomer RJ. Acute exercise and oxidative stress: a 30 year history. Dyn Med 2009; 8: 1

  • Furness TP Maschette WE. Influence of whole body vibration platform frequency on neuromuscular performance of community-dwelling older adults. J Strength Cond Res 2009; 23: 1508-1513

  • Gerodimos V Zafeiridis A Karatrantou K Vasilopoulou T Chanou K Pispirikou E. The acute effects of different whole-body vibration amplitudes and frequencies on flexibility and vertical jumping performance. J Sci Med Sport 2010; 13: 438-443

  • Gojanovic B Feihl F Liaudet L Gremion G Waeber B. Whole-body vibration training elevates creatine kinase levels in sedentary subjects. Swiss Med Wkly 2011; 141: w13222

  • Gomez-Cabello A Gonzalez-Aguero A Morales S Ara I Casajus JA Vicente-Rodriguez G. Effects of a short-term whole body vibration intervention on bone mass and structure in elderly people. J Sci Med Sport 2014; 17: 160-164

  • Goto K Takamatsu K. Hormone and lipolytic responses to whole body vibration in young men. Jpn J Physiol 2005; 55: 279-284

  • Gravholt CH Schmitz O Simonsen L Bulow J Christiansen JS Moller N. Effects of a physiological GH pulse on interstitial glycerol in abdominal and femoral adipose tissue. Am J Physiol 1999; 277: E848-854

  • Hazell TJ Kenno KA Jakobi JM. Evaluation of muscle activity for loaded and unloaded dynamic squats during vertical whole-body vibration. J Strength Cond Res 2010; 24: 1860-1865

  • Karatrantou K Gerodimos V Dipla K Zafeiridis A. Whole-body vibration training improves flexibility strength profile of knee flexors and hamstrings-to-quadriceps strength ratio in females. J Sci Med Sport 2013; 16: 477-481

  • Kawanabe K Kawashima A Sashimoto I Takeda T Sato Y Iwamoto J. Effect of whole-body vibration exercise and muscle strengthening balance and walking exercises on walking ability in the elderly. Keio J Med 2007; 56: 28-33

  • Leung KS Shi HF Cheung WH Qin L Ng WK Tam KF Tang N. Low-magnitude high-frequency vibration accelerates callus formation mineralization and fracture healing in rats. J Orthop Res 2009; 27: 458-465

  • Maddalozzo GF Iwaniec UT Turner RT Rosen CJ Widrick JJ. Whole-body vibration slows the acquisition of fat in mature female rats. Int J Obes (Lond) 2008; 32: 1348-1354

  • Nikolaidis MG Kyparos A Spanou C Paschalis V Theodorou AA Vrabas IS. Redox biology of exercise: an integrative and comparative consideration of some overlooked issues. J Exp Biol 2012; 215: 1615-1625

  • Nowak A Lochynski D Pawlak M Romanowski W Krutki P. High-magnitude whole-body vibration effects on bone resorption in adult rats. Aviat Space Environ Med 2014; 85: 518-521

  • Paschalis V Nikolaidis MG Giakas G Jamurtas AZ Pappas A Koutedakis Y. The effect of eccentric exercise on position sense and joint reaction angle of the lower limbs. Muscle Nerve 2007; 35: 496-503

  • Pawlak M Kaczmarek D Nowak A Krutki P. Low-volume whole-body vibration lasting 3 or 6 months does not affect biomarkers in blood serum of rats. Acta Physiol Hung 2013; 100: 48-53

  • Piecha M Juras G Krol P Sobota G Polak A Bacik B. The effect of a short-term and long-term whole-body vibration in healthy men upon the postural stability. PLoS One 2014; 9: e88295

  • Pollock RD Woledge RC Mills KR Martin FC Newham DJ. Muscle activity and acceleration during whole body vibration: effect of frequency and amplitude. Clin Biomech (Bristol Avon) 2010; 25: 840-846

  • Rittweger J. Vibration as an exercise modality: how it may work and what its potential might be. Eur J Appl Physiol 2010; 108: 877-904

  • Rittweger J Schiessl H Felsenberg D. Oxygen uptake during whole-body vibration exercise: comparison with squatting as a slow voluntary movement. Eur J Appl Physiol 2001; 86: 169-173

  • Ritzmann R Kramer A Gruber M Gollhofer A Taube W. EMG activity during whole body vibration: motion artifacts or stretch reflexes? Eur J Appl Physiol 2010; 110: 143-151

  • Rose AJ Richter EA. Skeletal muscle glucose uptake during exercise: how is it regulated? Physiology (Bethesda) 2005; 20: 260-270

  • Slatkovska L Alibhai SM Beyene J Cheung AM. Effect of whole-body vibration on BMD: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Osteoporos Int 2010; 21: 1969-1980

  • Tapp LR Signorile JF. Efficacy of WBV as a modality for inducing changes in body composition aerobic fitness and muscular strength: a pilot study. Clin Interv Aging 2014; 9: 63-72

  • Theodorou AA Nikolaidis MG Paschalis V Sakellariou GK Fatouros IG Koutedakis Y Jamurtas AZ. Comparison between glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient and normal individuals after eccentric exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2010; 42: 1113-1121

  • Torvinen S Kannus P Sievanen H Jarvinen TA Pasanen M Kontulainen S Jarvinen TL Jarvinen M Oja P Vuori I. Effect of four-month vertical whole body vibration on performance and balance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2002; 34: 1523-1528

  • von Stengel S Kemmler W Engelke K Kalender WA. Effect of whole-body vibration on neuromuscular performance and body composition for females 65 years and older: a randomized-controlled trial. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2012; 22: 119-127

Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.414
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.858

CiteScore 2018: 1.60

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.644
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.941

Cited By
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 302 190 11
PDF Downloads 105 72 6