Do 12-Week Yoga Program Influence Respiratory Function Of Elderly Women?

Open access

Abstract

Aging produces several respiratory limitations and reduces tolerance to physical efforts, sometimes leading to pulmonary diseases in the elderly. The literature draws attention to the possible benefits of Yoga practice among the elderly, presenting evidence for significant improvements in quality of life. It was hypothesized that yoga practice can improve respiratory function in the elderly. The effects of a yoga program on pulmonary volumes and respiratory muscle strength were verified in 36 elderly women divided into a yoga group [YG] (63.1 ± 13.3 years of age) and a control group (61.0 ± 6.9 years of age). Maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure (MIP and MEP) were assessed by a manovacuometer and tidal volume (VT), vital capacity (VC) and minute ventilation (VE) were measured by a ventilometer. The program comprised 65 min sessions, 3 times/week during 12 weeks. The heart rate and respiratory rate decreased significantly in the YG (76-39 ± 8-03 vs. 74-61±10.26 bpm and 18.61 ± 3.15 vs. 16.72 ± 3.12 resp/min, respectively). In the YG, VT and VE increased significantly (0.55 ± 0.22 vs. 0.64 ± 0.2 ml and 9.19 ± 2.39 vs. 10.05 ± 2.11 ml, respectively), as well as VC (1.48 ± 0.45 vs. 2.03 ± 0.72 ml). Improvements were also found in MIP and MEP in the YG (62.17 ± 14.77 vs. 73.06 ± 20.16 cmH2O and 80.56 ± 23.94 vs. 86.39 ± 20.16 cmH2O, respectively). It was concluded that a 12-week yoga program significantly improves pulmonary function of aged women.

Akhtar P, Yardi S, Akhtar M. Effects of Yoga on Functional Capacity and Well Being. Int J Yoga, 2013; 76-9

Babb TG, Long KA, Rodarte J. The Relationship Between Maximal Expiratory Flow and Increases of Maximal Exercise Capacity with Exercise Training. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 1997; 156: 116-121

Becklake M, Kauffmann F. Gender Differences in Airway Behaviour Over The Human Life Span. Thorax, 1999; 54: 1119-1138

Bernardi L, Porta C, Spicuzza L, Bellwon J, Spadacini G, Frey AW, Yeung LY, Sanderson JE, Pedretti R, Tramarin R. Slow Breathing Increases Arterial Baroreflex Sensitivity in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure. Circulation, 2002; 105: 143-145

Black LF, Hyatt RE. Maximal respiratory pressures: normal values and relationship to age and sex. Am Rev Respir Dis, 1969; 99: 696-702

Brito R, Zampa C, Oliveira T, Prado L, Parreira V. Effects of the Aging Process on Respiratory Function. Gerontology, 2009; 55: 505-510

Cebrià i Iranzo MÀ, Arnall DA, Igual Camacho C, Tomás JM. Effects of inspiratory muscle training and yoga breathing exercises on respiratory muscle function in institutionalized frail older adults: a randomized controlled trial. J Geriatr Phys Ther, 2014; 37(2): 65-75

Clanton TL, Diaz PT. Clinical assessment of the respiratory muscle. Physical Therapy, 1995; 75(11): 983-985

Cooper S, Oborne J, Newton J, Harrison V, Coon JT, Lewis S, Tattersfield A. Effect of Two Breathing Exercise (Buteyko and Pranayama) in Asthma: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Thorax, 2003; 58: 674-679

Delorey DS, Babb TG. Progressive Mechanical Ventilatory Constraint with Aging. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 1999; 160: 169-177

Enright PL, Kronmal RA, Manolio TA, Schencker MB, Hyatt RE. Respiratory muscle strength in the elderly. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 1994; 149: 430-438

Freitas FS, Ibiapina CC, Alvim CG, Britto RR, Parreira VF. Relationship Between Cough Strength And Functional Level In Elderly. Rev Bras Fisioter, 2010; 14(6): 470-6

Gopal KS, Bhatnagar P, Subramanian N, Nishith SD. Effect of Yogasanas and Pranayamas on Blood Pressure, Pulse Rate and Some Respiratory Functions. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 1973; 17(3): 273-276

Grinton SF. Respiratory Limitations in the Aging Population. South Med J, 1994; 87(5): S47-49

Harik-Khan RI, Wise RA. Determinants of Maximal Inspiratory Pressure. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 1998; 158: 1459-1464

Higginbotham MB, Morris KG, Williams RS, Colemam RE, Cobb FR. Physiologic Basis for the Agerelated Decline in Aerobic Work Capacity. Am J Cardiol, 1986; 57(15): 1374-1379

Jakes RE, Day NE, Patel B, Khaw K, Oakes S, Lubem B, Welch A, Bingham S, Wareham NJ. Physical Inactivity is Associated with Lower Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second. Am J Epidemiol, 2002; 156: 139-147

Krishnamurthy MN, Telles S. Assessing depression following two ancient Indian interventions: effects of yoga and ayurveda on older adults in a residential home. J Gerontol Nurs, 2007; 33(2): 17-23

Luby S. Hatha Yoga for total health: handbook of practical programs. Prentice-Hall. New Jersey; 1977

Mandanmoha M, Jatiya L, Udupa K, Bhavanani AB. Effect of Yoga Training on Handgrip, Respiratory Pressures and Pulmonary Function. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 2003; 47(4): 387-392

Manocha R, Marks GB, Kenchington P, Peters D, Salome CM. Sahaja Yoga in the Management of Moderate to Severe Asthma: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Thorax, 2002; 57: 110-115

Marek W, Marek EM, Mückenhoff K, Smith HJ, Kotschy-Lang N, Kohlhäufl M. Lung Function In Our Aging Population. Eur J Med Res, 2011; 16(3): 108-14

McKenzie DK, Allen GM, Candevia SC. Reduced Voluntary Drive to the Human Diaphragm at Low Lungs Volumes. Respir Physiol, 1996; 105: 69-76

Oken BS, Zajdel D, Kishiyama S, Flegal K, Dehen C, Haas M, Kraemer DF, Lawrence J, Leyva J.

Randomized, controlled, six-month trial of yoga in healthy seniors: effects on cognition and quality of life. Altern Ther Health Med, 2006; 12(1): 40-47

Pelkonen M, Notkola I, Lakka T, Tukiainen HO, Kivinen P, Nissinen A. Delaying Decline in Pulmonary Function with Physical Activity: a 25-year follow-up. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 2003; 168: 464-499

Ray US, Sinha B. Aerobic Capacity & Perceived Exertion after Practice of Hatha Yogic Exercises. Indian J Med Res, 2001; 144: 215-221

Rode A, Shephard RJ. The Aging of Lung Function: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Studies of an Inuit Community. Eur Respir J, 1994; 7(9): 1653-1659 Rossi A, Ganassini A, Tantucci C, Grassi V. Aging and the Respiratory System. Aging (Milano), 1996; 8(3): 143-161

Teodori RM, Moreno MA, Fiore JF e Oliveira ACS. Inspiratory Muscle Stretching through postural global reduction (Abstract). Braz J Phys Ther, 2003; 7(1): 25-30

Turcic N, Zuskin E, Mustajbegovic J, Smolej-Naran N, Ivankovic D. Respiratory Symptoms, Diseases and Pulmonary Ventilatory Capacity in Persons in the Third Stage of Life. Lijec Vjesn, 2002; 124(8): 247-254

Vempati RP, Telles S. Yoga-based guided relaxation reduces sympathetic activity judged from baseline levels. Psychol Rep, 2002; 90(2): 487-94

Volianitis S, Mcconnell AK, Jones, DA. Assessment of Maximum Inspiratory Pressure. Respiration, 2001; 68: 22-27

Vyas R, Dikshit N. Effect of Meditation on Respiratory System Cardiovascular System and Lipid Profile. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 2002; 46(4): 487-491

Weiner P, Magadle R, Beckerman M, Weiner M, Berar-Yanay N. Specific Expiratory Muscle Training in COPD. Chest, 2003; 124: 468-473

Journal of Human Kinetics

The Journal of Academy of Physical Education in Katowice

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.174
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.634

CiteScore 2017: 1.31

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.516
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.906

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 275 268 37
PDF Downloads 105 102 8