Comparison of Physiological and Perceptual Responses Between Continuous and Intermittent Cycling

Open access

Comparison of Physiological and Perceptual Responses Between Continuous and Intermittent Cycling

The present study tested the hypothesis that the exercise protocol (continuous vs. intermittent) would affect the physiological response and the perception of effort during aquatic cycling. Each protocol was divided on four stages. Heart rate, arterial blood pressure, blood lactate concentration, central and peripheral rate of perceived exertion were collected in both protocols in aquatic cycling in 10 women (values are mean ± SD): age=32.8 ± 4.8 years; height=1.62 ± 0.05 cm; body mass=61.60 ± 5.19 kg; estimated body fat=27.13 ± 4.92%. Protocols were compared through two way ANOVA with Scheffé's post-hoc test and the test of Mann- Whitney for rate of perceived exertion with α=0.05. No systematic and consistent differences in heart rate, arterial blood pressure, double product and blood lactate concentration were found between protocols. On the other hand, central rate of perceived exertion was significantly higher at stage four during continuous protocol compared with intermittent protocol (p=0.01), while the peripheral rate of perceived exertion presented higher values at stages three (p=0.02) and four (p=0.00) in the continuous protocol when compared to the results found in intermittent protocol. These findings suggest that although the aquatic cycling induces similar physiologic demands in both protocols, the rate of perceived exertion may vary according to the continuous vs. intermittent nature of the exercise.

Alberton CL, Antunes AH, Pinto SS, Tartaruga MP, Silva EM, Cadore EL, Kruel LF. Correlation between rating of perceived exertion and physiological variables during the execution of stationary running in water at different cadences. J Strength Cond Res, 2010; 1-8

Arngrimsson SA, Stewart DJ, Borrani F, Skinner KA, Cureton KJ. Relation of heart rate to percent VO2peak during submaximal exercise in the heat. J Appl Physiol, 2003; 94:1162-1168

Balke B. Experimental studies on the conditioning of man for space flights. Air University Quart Rev, 1959; 11: 61-75

Barbosa TM, Sousa VF, Silva AJ, Reis VM, Bragada A. Effects of music cadence in the acute physiological adaptations to head-out aquatic exercises. J Strength Cond Res, 2010; 24: 244-250

Barbosa TM, Marinho DA, Bragada JA, Reis VM, Silva AJ. Physiological assessment of head-out aquatic exercises in healthy subjects: a review. J Sport Sci Med, 2009; 8: 179-189

Billat VL, Sirvent P, Py G, Koralsztein JP, Mercier J. The concept of maximal lactate steady state. Sports Med, 2003; 33: 407-426

Borg E, Kaijser L. A comparison between three rating scales for perceived exertion and two different work tests. Scand J Med Sci Spor, 2006; 16: 57-69

Carter JB, Banster EW, Blaber AP. Effect of endurance exercise on autonomic control of heart rate. Sports Med, 2003; 33: 33-46

Choukroun ML, Varene P. Adjustments in oxygen transport during head-out immersion in water at different temperatures. J Appl Physiol, 2000, 68: 1475-1480

Crisafulli A, Carta C, Melis F, Tocco F, Frongia F, Santoboni UM, Pagliaro P, Concu A. Haemodynamic responses following intermittent supramaximal exercise in athletes. Exp Physiol, 2004; 89: 665-674.

Di Masi F, Vale RGV, Dantas EHM, Barreto ACLYG, Novaes JS, Reis VM. Is blood lactate removal during half-liquid cycling faster than during dry land cycling? J Sport Sci Med, 2007; 6: 188-192

Edwards RH, Ekelund LG, Harris RC, Hesser CM, Hulfman E, Melcher A, Wigertz D. Cardiorespiratory and metabolic costs of continuous and intermittent exercise in man. J Physiol, 1973; 234: 481-497

Egaña M, Green S, Garrigan EJ. Effect of posture on high-intensity constant-load cycling performance in men and woman. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2006; 96: 1-9

Evertsen J, Medbo JI, Bonen A. Effect of training intensity on muscle lactate transporters and lactate threshold of cross-country skiers. Acta Physiol Scand, 2001; 173:195-205

Ferreira AC, Brasil RM, SÁ GB, Barreto ACLG, Santos MA, Vale RGS, Novaes JS. Hemodinamical responses comparasion between indoor and aquatic cycle. Arquivos em Movimento, 2005; 1:29-38

Forjaz CLM, Matsudaira Y, Rodrigues FB, Nunes N, Negrão CE. Post exercise changes in blood pressure, heart rate and rate pressure product at different exercise intensities in normotensive humans. Braz J Med Biol Res, 1998; 31:1247-1255

Fujishima K, Shimizu T. Body temperature, oxygen uptake and heart rate during walking in water and land at exercise intensity based on RPE in elderly men. J Physiol Anthropol, 2003; 22: 83-88

Gastinger S, Sorel A, Nicolas G, Gratas-Delamarche A, Prioux J. A comparasion beteween ventilation and heart rate as indicator of oxygen uptake during different intensities of exercise. J Sport Sci Med, 2010; 9: 110-118

Gharbi A, Chamari K, Kallel A, Ahmaidi S, Tabka Z, Abdelkarim Z. Lactate Kinetics after intermittent and continuous exercise training. J Sport Sci Med, 2008; 7: 279-285

Goodall S, Howatson G. The effects of multiple cold water immersions on indices of muscle damage. J Sport Sci Med, 2008; 7: 235-241

Heyward VH, Stolarczyz LM. Avaliação da composição corporal aplicada. São Paulo. Manole, 2001; 99-105

Jackson AS, Pollock ML. Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. Brit J Nutr, 1978; 40: 497-504

Kang J, Chaloupka EC, Mastrangel MA, Hoffman JR, Ratamess NA, O'Connor E. Metabolic and perceptual responses during Spinning® cycle exercise. Med Sci Sport Exer, 2005; 37: 853-859

Knight-Maloney M, Robergs AR, Gibson A, Ghiasvand F. Threshold changes in blood lactate, beat-to-cardiovascular function, and breath-by-breath vo2 during incremental exercise. JEP-online, 2002; 5: 39-53

Kruel LF, Posser MS, Alberton CL, Pinto SS, Oliveira AS. Comparison of energy expenditure between continuous and interval water aerobic routines. Int J Aquatic Res Education, 2009; 3:186-196

Lagally RM, Robertson RJ, Gallangher KI, Goss FL, Jakicie JM, Lephart SM, Mccaw ST, Goodpaster B. Perceived exertion, electromyography and blood lactate during acute bouts of resistance exercise. Med Sci Sport Exer, 2002; 34: 552-59

Millet GP, Tronche C, Fuster N, Candau R. Level ground and uphill cycling efficiency in seated and standing positions. Med Sci Sport Exer, 2002; 34: 1645-1652

Morris N, Gass G, Thompson M, Conforti D. Physiological responses to intermittent and continuous exercise at the same relative intensity in older men. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2003; 90: 620-625

Mourot L, Bouhaddi M, Perrey S, Cappelle S, Henriet MT, Wolf JP, Rouillon JD, Regnard J. Decrease in heart rate variability with overtraining: assessment by the Poincaré plot analysis. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging, 2004; 24: 10-18

Reilly T, Dowzer CN, Cable NT. The physiology of deep-water running. J Sport Sci, 2003; 21: 959-972

Robertson R, Goss F, Michael T, Moyana N, Gordon P, Visich P, Kang J, Angelopoulos T, Silva SG, Metz K. Metabolical and perceptual responses during arm and leg ergometry in water and air. Med Sci Sport Exer, 1995; 27: 760-764

Roecker K, Niess AM, Horstmann T, Striegel H, Maye F, Dickhuth H. Heart rate prescriptions from performance and anthropometrical characteristics. Med Sci Sport Exer, 2002; 34: 881-887

Sabapathy S, Ingsley RA, Scheneider DA, Adams L, Morris NR. Continuous and intermittent exercise responses in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thorax, 2004; 59: 1026-1031

Sheldahl LM, Tristani FE, Wolf LG, Clifford OS, Wann LS, Kalbeleish JH. Effect of central hypervolemia on cardiac performance during exercise. J Appl Physiol, 1984; 52: 1662-1667

Sherman NW, Michaud TJ. VO2max estimation in healthy adults using submaximal deep-water running. J Strength Cond Res, 1997; 11: 73-76

Shono T, Fujishima K, Hotta N, Ogaki T, Ueda T, Otoki K, Teramoto K, Shimizu T. Physiological responses and RPE during underwater treadmill walking in women of middle and advanced age. J. Physiol Anthropol, 2000; 9: 195-200

Veloso U, Monteiro W, Farinatti P. Do continuous and intermittent exercises sets induce similiar cardiovascular responses in the elderly women? Braz J Sports Med, 2003; 9: 85-90

Journal of Human Kinetics

The Journal of Academy of Physical Education in Katowice

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.174
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.634

CiteScore 2017: 1.31

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.516
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.906

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 52 52 27
PDF Downloads 13 13 7