Correlations of Anthropometric and Body Composition Variables with the Performance of Young Elite Weightlifters
The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlations of anthropometric and body composition variables with the performance (i.e., snatch; clean & jerk; front squat; back squat) of Iranian elite weightlifters. Forty-two subjects (mean ± SD of age 16.21 ± 3.22 years) volunteered to participate in the study.
All subjects competed at the Iranian National Championship. Anthropometric and body composition variables, including height, sitting height, cormic index, lean body mass (LBM), body mass index (BMI), modified BMI (by the cormic index), %fat, shoulder circumference, chest circumference, WHR (wrist to hip ratio), as well as performance of weightlifters (i.e., snatch; clean & jerk; front squat; back squat) were measured.
Results showed that the snatch and clean & jerk records significantly correlated with height, sitting height, weight, shoulder and chest circumference, LBM, BMI; whereas we showed negative correlations between the snatch and clean & jerk records with the %fat as well as WHR values. Results also showed that the snatch and clean & jerk records significantly correlated with body mass index (BMI) (r= 0.357, and r= 0.374; p<0.05); however there was no relationship between snatch and clean & jerk records and the modified body mass index (MBMI).
According to the results, it was concluded that there was strong correlations existing between weightlifter performance and the anthropometric and body composition variables. Also, it is recommended that the cormic index (CI) is a corrective factor for BMI values.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Adeyemi DO Komolafe OA Abioy AI (2009). Variations in body mass indices among post-pubertal Nigerian subjects with correlation to cormic indices mid-arm circumferences and waist circumferences. The Int J Biol Anthro 2: 65-71.
Baroga DH (1989). Weightlifting and physical fitness for sport. 2nd Ed. Bulgaria: Bull publishing Co. 110-146.
Baumgartner TA Jackson AS Mahar MT Rowe DA (2003). Measurement for evaluation in physical education and exercise science 7th Ed. Boston: WCB McGraw-Hill.pp 32-45.
Carlock JM Smith SL Hartman MJ Morris RT Ciroslan DA Pierce KC Newton RU Harman EA Sands WA Stone MH (2004). The relationship between vertical jump power estimates and weightlifting ability: a field-test approach. J Strength Cond Res 18:534-9.
Collins D (2000) Practical techniques for assessing body composition in middle-aged and older adults. Med Sci Sports Exec 27: 776-83.
Cleather DJ (2006). Adjusting power lifting performances for differences in body mass. J Strength Cond Res 20:412-21.
Ford LE Detterline AJ Ho KK Cao W (2000). Gender- and height-related limits of muscle strength in world weightlifting champions. J Appl Physiol 89: 1061-1064.
Fry AC Ciroslan D Fry MD LeRoux CD Schilling BK (2006). Anthropometric and performance variables discriminating elite American junior men weightlifters. J Strength Cond Res 20: 861-866.
Fry AC Schilling BK Staron RS Hagerman FC Hikida RS Thrush JT (2003). Muscle fiber characteristics and performance correlates of male Olympic-style weightlifters. J Strength Cond Res 17:746-54.
Hartman JW Tang JE Wilkinson SB Tarnopolsky MA Lawrence RL Fullerton AV Phillips SM (2007). Consumption of fat-free fluid milk after resistance exercise promotes greater lean mass accretion than does consumption of soy or carbohydrate in young novice male weightlifters. Am J Clin Nutr 8:373-81.
Heyward VH Stolarczyk LM (1996). Applied body composition assessment. Champaign: Human Kinetics. IL.143-54.
Houtkooper LB Going SB (1994). Body composition: How should it be measured? Does it affect sport performance? Sports Science Exchange 7: supplement 52.
Jackson AS Pollock ML (1985). Practical assessment of body composition. The Physi Sports med 13: 76-90.
Kauhanen H Komi PV Häkkinen K (2002). Standardization and validation of the body weight adjustment regression equations in Olympic weightlifting. J Strength Cond Res. 16:58-74.
Lincoln EF Alvin JD Kevin KH Wenyuan C (2000). Gender- and height-related limits of muscle strength in world weightlifting champions. J Appl Physiol 89: 1061-1064.
Marković G Sekulić D (2006). Modeling the influence of body size on weightlifting and powerlifting performance. Coll Antropol. 30:607-13.
Niels U (2005). Anthropometric comparison of world-class sprinters and normal populations. J Sports Sci Med 4: 608-616.
Norgan NG (1994). Interpretation of low body mass indices in Australian aborigines. Am Phys Anthropol 94: 229 - 237.
Siahkouhian M Rahmaninia F Barahmand U (2006). Effects of body composition measures on dimension of Vo2max. Int J Fitness 2:1-6.
Stone MH Sands WA Pierce KC Carlock J Cardinale M Newton RU(2005). Relationship of maximum strength to weightlifting performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1037-43.
Thé DJ Ploutz-Snyder L (2003). Age body mass and gender as predictors of masters olympic weightlifting performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 35(7):1216-24.
Wang Z Heo M Lee RC Kotler DP Withers RT Heymsfield SB (2001). Muscularity in adult humans: proportion of adipose tissue-free body mass as skeletal muscle. Am J Hum Biol 13:612-619.
Watts PB Joubert LM Lish AK Mast JD B Wilkins B (2003). Anthropometry of young competitive sport rock climbers. Br J Sports Med 37: 420-424.