Embracing Noise and Error

Bálint L. Bálint 1
  • 1 University of Debrecen, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Abstract

In his article “Embracing Noise and Error”, Bálint L. Bálint argues that human society is going through a profound change as mathematical models are used to predict human behavior both on a personal level and on the level of the entire society. An inherent component of mathematical models is the concept of error or noise, which describes the level of unpredictability of a system by the specific mathematical model. The author reveals the educational origin of the abstract world that can be described by pure mathematics and can be considered an ideal world without errors. While the human perception of the world is different from the abstractions we were taught, the mathematical models need to integrate the error factor to deal with the unpredictability of reality. While scientific thinking developed the statistic-probabilistic model to define the limits of predictability, here we present that in a flow of time driven by entropy, stochastic variability is an in-built characteristic of the material world and represents ultimately the singularity of each individual moment in time and the chance for our freedom of choice.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Academic Mindfulness Interest Group, Melbourne and Melbourne Academic Mindfulness Interest Group. “Mindfulness-Based Psychotherapies: A Review of Conceptual Foundations, Empirical Evidence and Practical Considerations.” Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 40.4 (2006):285–94.

  • Allis, C. David and Thomas Jenuwein. “The Molecular Hallmarks of Epigenetic Control.” Nature Reviews Genetics 17.8 (2016):487–500.

  • Barbaric, I., G. Miller, and T. N. Dear. “Appearances Can Be Deceiving: Phenotypes of Knockout Mice.” Briefings in Functional Genomics and Proteomics 6.2 (2007): 91–103.

  • Bidou, Laure, Valérie Allamand, Jean Pierre Rousset, and Olivier Namy. “Sense from Nonsense: Therapies for Premature Stop Codon Diseases.” Trends in Molecular Medicine 18.11 (2012): 679–88.

  • Blake, William J., Mads Kærn, Charles R. Cantor, and J. J. Collins. “Noise in Eukaryotic Gene Expression.” Nature 422.6932 (2003): 633–37.

  • Cen, Ming and Daisheng Luo. “Error-Space Estimation Method and Simplified Algorithm for Space Target Tracking.” Applied Optics 49.28 (2010): 5384–90.

  • Fisher, Moria E., Felix C. Huang, Zachary A. Wright, and James L. Patton. 2014. “Distributions in the Error Space: Goal-Directed Movements Described in Time and State-Space Representations.” Pp. 6953–56 in 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

  • Gaspard, Pierre and Xiao Jing Wang. “Noise, Chaos, and (ε, τ)-Entropy per Unit Time.” Physics Reports 235. 6 (1993): 291–343.

  • Gödel, Kurt. “Über Formal Unentscheidbare Sätze Der Principia Mathematica Und Verwandter Systeme I.” Monatshefte Für Mathematik Und Physik 38.1 (1931): 173–98.

  • Halliwell, J. J. ( Jonathan J. .., J. Pérez-Mercader, and Wojciech Hubert Zurek. Physical Origins of Time Asymmetry. Cambridge University Press, 1996.

  • James, Gareth, Daniela Witten, Trevor Hastie, and Robert Tibishirani. An Introduction to Statistical Learning with Applications in R (Older Version). 2013.

  • Janson, Lucas, William Fithian, and Trevor J. Hastie. “Miscellanea: Effective Degrees of Freedom: A Flawed Metaphor.” Biometrika 102.2 (2015): 479–85.

  • Keeling, Kim M., Dan Wang, Sara E. Conard, and David M. Bedwell. “Suppression of Premature Termination Codons as a Therapeutic Approach.” Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 47.5 (2012): 444–63.

  • Langer, Ellen J. and Christelle T. Ngnoumen. “Mindfulness.” Pp. 95–111 in Positive Psychology. Routledge, 2018.

  • Nanney, D. L.. “Epigenetic Control Systems.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 44.7 (1958):712–17.

  • Ozgyin, Lilla, Attila Horvath, Zsuzsanna Hevessy, and Balint L. Balint. “Extensive Epigenetic and Transcriptomic Variability between Genetically Identical Human B-Lymphoblastoid Cells with Implications in Pharmacogenomics Research.” Scientific Reports 9.1 (2019): 4889.

  • Pandey, Shanta and Charlotte Lyn Bright. “What Are Degrees of Freedom?” Social Work Research 32 (2008):119–28.

  • Schrödinger, Erwin. “What Is Life?: The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell; with Mind and Matter; & Autobiographical Sketches.” Mind and Matter. 1992.

  • Soros, George. “Fallibility, Reflexivity, and the Human Uncertainty Principle.” Journal of Economic Methodology 20.4 (2013): 309–29.

  • Soros, George. “Soros: General Theory of Reflexivity.” Financial Times 2014. 1–6.

  • Swanton, Charles and Stephan Beck. “Previews Epigenetic Noise Fuels Cancer Evolution.” Cancer Cell 26.6 (2014): 775–76.

  • Varotsos, P. A., N. V. Sarlis, H. K. Tanaka, and E. S. Skordas.. “Some Properties of the Entropy in the Natural Time.” Physical Review E -Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 71.3 (2005).

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search