2 Benaki Phytopathological Institute, Athens, Greece
3 Department of Viticulture, Vegetable Crops, Flori-culture and Plant Protection, Institute of Olive Tree, Subtropical Crops and Viticulture, N.AG.RE.F., Hellenic Agricultural Organization-DEMETER, Crete, Greece
Root-knot nematodes (RKN), Meloidogyne spp., have a wide host range and are common in the Mediterranean area. Cultivated lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) was found naturally infested by M. hapla in Kozani area, the first documented infestation of this crop by RKN in Greece. Oxalis pescaprae, a common winter weed in Crete, was found to be a host of M. javanica under artificial inoculation. This weed acts as a potential winter host of the nematode in fields cultivated with vegetable crops. Two populations of M. ethiopica were found in kiwi and maize in Greece in the past. Recently, populations of M. ethiopica from Europe were re-classified as M. luci, based only on the population isolated from kiwi for Greece. In the current work, the RKN populations originating from kiwi and maize and maintained on tomato, were identified as M. luci. Nematode species identification was determined by electrophoretic analysis of protein extracts obtained from females.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Belle C., Kaspary T.E., Schmitt, J. and Kuhn, P.R. 2016. Meloidogyne ethiopica and Meloidogyne arenaria parasitizing Oxalis corniculata in Brazil. Australasian Plant Disease Notes, 11: 24.
Carneiro, R.M.D.G., Correa, V.R., Almeida, M.R.A., Gomes, A.C.M.M., Mohammad Deimi, A., Castagnone – Sereno, P. and Karssen, G. 2014. Meloidogyne luci n.sp. (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae), a root-knot nematode parasitizing different crops in Brazi, Chile and Iran. Nematology, 16: 289-301.
Ciancio, A., Lo Giudice, V., Bosignore, R. and Roccuzzo, G. 1992. [Root knot nematodes attacking weeds in Southern Italy]. Informatore Fitopatologico, 6: 55-57.
Conceição, I.L., Tzortzakakis, E.A., Gomes, P., Abrantes, I. and da Cunha, M.J. 2012. Detection of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne ethiopica in Greece. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 134: 451-457.
Dabaj, K.H. and Jenser, G. 1990. Some weed host-plants of the northern root-knot nematode Meloidogyne hapla in Hungary. Nematologia Mediterranea, 18: 139-140.
Esbenshade, P.R. and Triantaphyllou, A.C. 1985a. Identification of major Meloidogyne species employing enzyme phenotypes as differentiating characters. In Barker, K.R., Carter, C.C. andSasser, J.N. (eds). An advanced treatise on Meloidogyne, Vol. II: Methodology. Raleigh, NC, USA, North Carolina State University Graphics, p.113-123.
Esbenshade, P.R. and Triantaphyllou, A.C. 1985b. Use of enzyme phenotypes for identification of Meloidogyne species. Journal of Nematology, 17: 6-20.
Gerič Stare, B., Strajnar, P., Susič, N., Urek, G. and Širca, S. 2017. Reported populations of Meloidogyne ethiopica in Europe identified as Meloidogyne luci. Plant Disease, 101: 1627-1632.
Hirschmann, H., Paschalaki-Kourtzi, N. and Triantaphyllou, A.C. 1966. A survey of plant parasitic nematodes in Greece. Annales de l’Institut Phytopathologique Benaki, 7: 144-156.
Janssen, T., Karssen, G., Verhaeven, M., Coyne, D. and Bert, W. 2016. Mitochondrial coding genome analysis of tropical root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne) supports haplotype based diagnostics and reveals evidence of recent reticulate evolution. Scientific Reports, 6: 22591, DOI: 10.1038/srep22591.
Koliopanos, C.N. 1980. Contribution to the study of the root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp.) in Greece. Proceedings of the 2nd Research Planning Conference on Root-knot Nematodes, Meloidogyne spp., Athens, Greece, pp. 35-39.
Lamberti, F. 1981. Plant nematode problems in the Mediterranean region. Helminthological Abstracts Series B, Plant Nematology, 50: 145-166.
Maleita, C., Esteves, I., Cardoso, J.M.S., Cuhna, M.J., Carneiro, R.M.D.G. and Abrantes, I. 2018. Meloidogyne luci, a new root-knot nematode parasitizing potato in Portugal. Plant Pathology, 67 (2): 366-376, doi.org/10.1111/ppa.12755.
Moens, M., Perry, R.N. and Starr, J.L. 2009. Meloidogyne species – a diverse group of novel and important plant parasites. In Perry, R.N., Moens, M. and Starr, L.J. (eds). Root-knot nematodes. CABI International, Wallingford, Oxon (CABI), p. 1-17.
Pais, C.S., Abrantes, I.M. de O., Fernandes, M.F.M. and Santos M.S.N. de A, 1986. Técnica de electroforese aplicada ao estudo das enzimas dos nematodes-das-galhas radiculares, Meloidogyne spp. Ciência Biológica Ecology and Systematics (Portugal), 6: 19-34.
Pyrowolakis, E. 1980. Distribution and control of root-knot nematodes in Crete. Proceedings of the 2ndResearch Planning Conference on Root-knot Nematodes, Meloidogyne spp., Athens, Greece, pp. 30-34.
Santos, D., Correia, A., Abrantes, I and Maleita, C. 2019. New hosts and records in Portugal for the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne luci. Journal of Nematology, 51. DOI: 10.21307/jofnem-2019-003.
Tzortzakakis, E.A., da Conceição, I.L.P.M., dos Santos, M.C.V. and de O. Abrantes, I.M. 2011. Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp) in Greece. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal, 4: 25-30.
Tzortzakakis, E.A., Anastasiadis, A.I., Simoglou, K.B., Cantapiedra-Navarrete, C., Palomares-Rius, J.E and Castillo, P. 2014. First report of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne hispanica infecting sunflower in Greece. Plant Disease, 98(5): 703.
Tzortzakakis, E.A., dos Santos, M.C.V. and Conceição, I. 2016. An update on the occurrence of resistance-breaking populations of root-knot- nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) on resistant tomato in Greece with six new records from Crete. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal, 9: 73-77.
Tzortzakakis, E.A., Cantalapiedra-Navarerete, Archidona, A-Y., Kormpi, M., Palomares-Rius, J.E. and Castillo, P. 2019. First report of cultivated Cretan mountain tea (Sideritis syriaca) as a host of Meloidogyne hapla and M. javanica in Crete, with some additional records on the occurrence of Meloidogyne species in Greece. Journal of Nematology, 51. DOI: 10.21307/jofnem-2019-010.
Vlachopoulos, E.G. 1994. Plant protection problems caused by phytonematodes in Greece. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO, 24: 413-415.
Vovlas, N. and Antoniou, M. 1987. Alterations induced by the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne hapla Chitwood in Actinidia roots. Annales del’ Institut Phytopathologique Benaki, 15:151-154.