Efficacy of communication disruption of Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae) with low pheromone formulation

Open access

Summary

Mating disruption (MD) has been a successful approach for pest control of several lepidoptera. Field trials to evaluate the efficacy of communication disruption of low pheromone load formulation on Thaumetopoea pityocampa were carried out in 2010 and 2011 in an urban park. The efficacy of MD was assessed by comparing male T. pityocampa catches in pheromone traps, between MD and Control areas. In the 1st year of the application the percentage of male inhibition ranged from 85 to 100% during the 1st month of the flight period and 95-100% during the whole flight period in the 2nd year. The pheromone remained in the polymeric matrix was almost 30% after 7 weeks under laboratory aging conditions. Combining the pheromone release results with the male disorientation results we can assume that after 7 weeks the remaining pheromone concentration was still sufficient to achieve MD. This study indicates that air permeation with the major sex pheromone component (Z)-13-hexadecen-11-ynyl acetate, at a rate of 20 g/ha for one application per season, can affect the orientation of T. pityocampa males. Since mating disruption is an environmentally safe method for pest control, it could be a valuable tool to control T. pityocampa in urban areas and parks.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Arioli C. Pastori P. Botton M. Garcia M. Borges R. and Mafra-Neto A. 2014. Assessment of SPLAT formulations to control Grapholita molesta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in a Brazilian apple orchard. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 74: 184-190.

  • Arsequell G. Fabrias G. and Camps F. 1990. Sex pheromone biosynthesis in the processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis and Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Thaumatopoeidae) by delta-13 desaturation. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 14: 47–56.

  • Athanassiou Ch. Kavallieratos N. Gakis S. Kyrtsa L. Mazomenos B. and Gravanis F. 2007. Influence of trap type trap colour and trapping location on the capture of the pine moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 122: 117–123.

  • Athanassiou C.G. Kavallieratos N.G. Pardo D. Sancho J. Colacci M. Boukouvala M.C. Nikolaidou A.J. Kondodimas D.C. Benavent-Fernández E. Gálvez-Settier S. and Trematerra P. 2017. Evaluation of pheromone trap devices for the capture of Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae) in southern Europe. Journal of Economic Entomology 110: 1087-1095.

  • Atterholt C.A. Delwiche M.J. Rice R.E. and Krochta J.M. 1999. Controlled release of insect sex pheromones from paraffin wax and emulsions. Journal of Controlled Release 57: 233-247.

  • Atterholt C.A. Delwiche M.J. Rice R.E. and Krochta J.M. 1998. Study of biopolymers and paraffin as potential controlled-release carriers for insect pheromones. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 46: 4429–4434.

  • Baker R. Caffier D. Choiseul J.W. De Clercq P. Dormannsné-Simon E. Gerowitt B. Evtimova Karadjova O. Lövei G. Lansink A.O. Makowski D. Manceau C. Manici L. Perdikis D. Porta Puglia A. Schans J. Schrader G. Steffek R. Strömberg A. Tiilikkala K. Coert van Lenteren J. and Vloutoglou I. 2009. Evaluation of a pest risk analysis on Thaumetopoea processionea L. the oak processionary moth prepared by the UK and extension of its scope to the EU territory. EFSA Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Plant Health. The EFSA Journal (2009) 1195 1-64

  • Barbaro. L. and Battisti A. 2011. Birds as predators of pine processionary moth (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae). Biological Control 56: 107-114.

  • Battisti A. 1988. Host–plant relationships and population dynamics of the pine processionary caterpillar Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis and Schiffermuller). Journal of Applied Entomology 105: 393–402.

  • Battisti A. Avci M. Avtzis D. Ben Jamaa M. Berardi L. Berretima W. Branco M. Chakali G. Alaoui El Fels M. Frérot B. Hódar J. Ionescu-Mălăncus I. Ipekdal K. Larsson S. Manole T. Mendel Z. Meurisse N. Mirchev P. Nemer N. Paiva M. Pino J. Protasov A. Rahim N. Rousselet J. Santos H. Sauvard D. Schopf A. Simonato M. Yart A. and Zamoum M. 2015. Processionary moths and climate change: An update Chapter 2 Natural History of the Processionary Moths (Thaumetopoea spp.): New Insights in Relation to Climate Change. Roques A. (Ed.) 2015 XVII 427 p.

  • Battisti A. Holm G. Fagrell B. and Larsson S. 2011. Urticating hairs in Arthropods: Their nature and medical significance. Annual Review of Entomology 56: 203-220.

  • Battisti A. Larsson S. and Roques A. 2017. Processionary Moths and Associated Urtication Risk: Global Change Driven Effects. Annual Review of Entomology 62: 323-342.

  • Battisti A Stastny M Buffo E. Larsson S. 2006. A rapid altitudinal range expansion in the processionary moth produced by the 2003 climatic anomaly. Global Change Biology 12: 662-671.

  • Battisti A. Stastny M. Netherer S. Robinet C. Schopf A. Roques A. and Larsson S. 2005. Expansion of geographic range in the pine processionary moth caused by increased winter temperatures. Ecological Applications 15: 2084–2096.

  • Bengtsson M. Karg G. Kirsch P.A. Lőfqvist J. Sauer A. and Witzgall P. 1994. Mating disruption of pea moth Cydia nigricana F. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) by a repellent blend of sex pheromone and attraction inhibitors. Journal of Chemical Ecology 20: 871–887.

  • Borchert D.M. and Walgenbach J.F. 2000. Comparison of pheromone-mediated mating disruption and conventional insecticides for management of tufted apple bud moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 93: 769–776.

  • Brown D.F Knight A.L. Howell J.F. Sell C.R. Krysan J.L. and Weiss M. 1992. Emission characteristics of a polyethylene pheromone dispenser for mating disruption of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 85: 910–917.

  • Byers J.A. 2007. Simulation of mating disruption and mass trapping with competitive attraction and camouflage. Environmental Entomology 36: 1328–1338.

  • Camps F. Gasol V. and Guerrero A. 1990a. Inhibitory pheromonal activity promoted by analogs of sex pheromone of the processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis and Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 16: 1155–1172.

  • Camps F. Gasol V. Hernandez Z. and Montoya R. 1990b. Inhibition of the processionary moth sex pheromone by some haloacetate analogues. Pesticide Science 29 123–134.

  • Cardé R.T. and Minks A.K. 1995. Control of moth pests by mating disruption: successes and constraints. Annual Review of Entomology 40: 559-585.

  • Carus S. 2004. Impact of defolation by pine processionary moth (Thaumetopoea pityocampa) on radial height and volume growth of Calabrian pine (Pinus brutia) trees in Turkey. Phytoparasitica 32: 459-469.

  • Castagneyrol B. Jactel H. Brockerhoff E. Perrette N. Larter M. Delzon S. and Piou D. 2016. Host range expansion is density dependent. Oecologia 182: 779–788.

  • Cebeci H.H. Oymen R.T. and Acer S. 2010. Control of pine processionary moth. Journal of Environmental Biology 31: 357-361.

  • Chamberlain D.J. Brown N.J. Jones O.T. and Casagrande E. 2000. Field evaluation of a slow release pheromone formulation to control the American bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Pakistan. Bulletin of Entomological Research 90: 183–190.

  • Cork A. De Souza K. Hall D.R. Jones O.T. Casagrande E. Krishnaiah K. and Syed Z. 2008. Development of PVC resin-controlled release formulation for pheromones and use in mating disruption of yellow rice stem borer Scirpophaga incertulas. Crop Protection 27: 248–255.

  • Corley J.C. and Jervis M.A. 2012. Forest pest management: a global challenge. International Journal of Pest Management 58: 193-194.

  • Cuevas P. Montoya R. Belles X. Camps F. Coll J. Guerrero A. and Riba M. 1983. Initial field trials with the synthetic sex pheromone of processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis and Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 9: 85–93.

  • deLame F.M. Miller J.R. Atterholt C.A. and Gut L.J. 2007. Development and evaluation of an emulsified paraffin wax dispenser for season-long mating disruption of Grapholita molesta in commercial peach orchards. Journal of Economic Entomology 100 1316–1327.

  • de Souza K.R. McVeigh L.J. and Wright D.J. 1992. Selection of insecticides for lure and kill studies against Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 85: 2100–2106.

  • Devkota B. and Schmidt G.H. 1990. Larval development of Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Den. and Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae) from Greece as influenced by different host plants under laboratory conditions. Journal of Applied Entomology 109: 321–330.

  • Devkota B. Breuer M. and Schmidt. G.H. 1992. Observations on the flight activity of the Pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Den. and Schiff.) in Greece using synthetic sexpheromone and light traps (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae). Bolletino di Zoologia Agraria e di Bachicocultura 24: 147–157.

  • Erkan N. 2011. Impact of pine processionary moth (Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni Tams) on growth of Turkish red pine (Pinus brutia Ten.) African Journal of Agricultural Research 6: 4983–4988.

  • Fabrias G. Arsequell G. and Camps F. 1989. Sex pheromone precursors in the processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis and Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae). Insect Biochemistry 19: 177–181.

  • Gordon D. Zahavi T. Anshelevich L. Harel M. Ovadia S. Dunkelblum E. and Harari A. 2005. Mating Disruption of Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): Effect of Pheromone Formulations and Concentrations. Journal of Economic Entomology 98: 135-142.

  • Guerrero A. Camps F. Cole J. Riba M. Einhorn J. Descoins C.H. and Lallemand J.Y. 1981. Identification of a potential sex pheromone of the processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Lepidoptera Notodontidae). Tetrahedron Letters 22: 2013-2016.

  • Halperin J. 1984. Pityolure traps as tools in macro-mapping of the distribution of the pine processionary caterpillar. La Yaaran 34: 25–29 (in Hebrew).

  • Halperin J. 1985. Mating disruption of the pine processionary caterpillar by pityolure. Phytoparasitica 133: 221–224.

  • Halperin J. 1986. Application of pityolure for detection and control of Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis and Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae) in Israel. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO 16: 627–632.

  • Hegazi E.M. Konstantopoulou M.A. Herz A. Mazomenos B.E. Khafagi W. Agamy E. Zaitun A. Abd El-Aziz G. Showiel S. and Abdel-Rahman S.M. 2009. Is mating disruption effective in controlling the olive moth Prays oleae? Crop Protection 28: 181-189.

  • Hegazi E.M. Konstantopoulou M.A. Milonas P. Herz A. Mazomenos B.E. Khafagi W.E. Zaitun A. Abdel-Rahman S.M. Helal I. and El-Kemny S. 2007. Mating disruption of the jasmine moth Palpita unionalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) using a two pheromone component blend: a case study over three consecutive olive growing seasons in Egypt. Crop Protection 26: 837–844.

  • Hódar J.A. Zamora R. and Castro J. 2002. Host utilisation by moth and larval survival of pine processionary caterpillar Thaumetopoea pityocampa in relation to food quality in three Pinus species. Ecological Entomology 27: 292–301.

  • Huchon H. and Demolin D. 1971. La bioécologie de la procesionnaire du pin. Dispersion potentielle—dispersion actuelle. Phytoma 225: 11–20.

  • Jacquet J.S. Orazio C. and Jactel H. 2012. Defoliation by processionary moth significantly reduces tree growth: a quantitative review. Annals of Forest Science 69: 857-866.

  • Jactel H. Menassieu P. Vétillard F. Barthélémy B. Piou D. Frérot B. Rousselet J. Goussard F. Branco M. and Battisti A. 2006. Population monitoring of the pine processionary moth (Lepidoptera : Thaumetopoeidae) with pheromone-baited traps. Forest Ecology Management 235: 96–106.

  • Johansson B.G. Anderbrant O. Simandl J. Avtzis N.D. Salvadori C. Hedenstrom E. Edlund H. and Hogberg H.E. 2001. Release rates for pine sawfly pheromones from two types of dispensers and phenology of Neodiprion sertifer. Journal of Chemical Ecology 27: 733–745.

  • Kanat M. and Ozbolat M. 2006. Mass production and release of Calosoma sycophanta L. (Coleoptera: Carabidae) used against the pine processionally moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Schiff.) (Lepidoptera : Thaumetopoeidae) in biological control. Turkish Journal of Zoology 30(2): 181-185.

  • Kerdelhué C. Battisti A. Burban C. Branco M. Cassel-Lundhagen A. Ipekdal K. Larsson S. Lopez-Vaamonde C. Magnoux E. Mateus E. Mendel Z. Negrisolo E. Paiva M.R. Pivotto I. Rocha S. Ronnas C. Roques A. Rossi J.P. Rousselet J. Salvato P. Santos H. Simonato M. and Zane L. 2014. Genetic diversity and structure at different spatial scales in the processionary moths. In A. Roques (Ed.) Processionary moths and climate change: An update. Dordrecht: Springer.

  • Knight A.L. 1996. Why so many mated female codling moths in disrupted orchards. Proceedings of the Washington State Horticultural Association 92: 213–214.

  • Klun J.A. Haynes K.F. Bierl-Leonhardt B.A. Birch M.C. and Plimmer J.R. 1981. Sex pheromone of female artichoke plume moth Platyptilia carduidactyla. Environmental Entomology 10: 763–765.

  • Lapointe S. and Stelinski L. 2011. An applicator for high viscosity semiochemical products and intentional treatment gaps for mating disruption of Phyllocnistis citrella. Entomologia Experimentalis and Applicata 141: 145-153.

  • Leonardt B.A. Cunningham R.T. Dickerson W.A. Mastro V.C. Ridgway R.L. and Schwalbe C.P. 1990. Dispenser design and performance criteria for insect attractants. pp. 113-130. In R.L. Ridgway R.M. Silverstein and M.N. Inscoe (Eds.) Behavior-modifying chemicals for insect management. Applications of pheromones and other attractants. Marcel Decker New York 761 pp.

  • Masutti L. and Battisti A. 1990. Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Den. and Schiff.) in Italy Bionomics and perspectives of integrated control. Journal of Applied Entomology 110: 229-234.

  • Mazomenos B.E. Ortiz A. Mazomenos-Pantazi A. Stefanou D. Stavrakis N. Karapati C. and Fountoulakis M. 1999. Mating disruption for the control of the olive moth Prays oleae (Bern) (Lep.: Yponomeutidae) with the major sex pheromone component. Journal of Applied Entomology 123: 247–254.

  • Miller J.R. and Gut L.J. 2015. Mating disruption for the 21st century: Matching technology with mechanism. Environmental Entomology 44: 427-453.

  • Moffitt H.R. and Westigard P.H. 1984. Suppression of the codling moth populations on peach in southern Oregon through mating disruption with sex pheromone. Journal of Economic Entomology 77: 1513–1519.

  • Nicolini G. 1987. Biologia della procesionaria del pino in Trentino. Lotta tradizionale e con attattiviti sessuali di sintesi. Dendronatura 8: 8–49.

  • Rausell C. Martinez-Ramirez A.C. Garcia-Robles I. and Real M.D. 1999. The toxicity and physiological effects of Bacillus thuringiensis toxins and formulations on Thaumetopoea pityocampa the pine processionary caterpillar. Pesticide Biochemistry Physiology 65: 44–54.

  • Roversi P.F. 1985. Ossrvazioni sull’ impiego di trappole a feromone sessuale di Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis and Schiffermüller) sul promontorio del Gargano (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae). Redia 68: 1–17.

  • Salman M.H. Giomi F. Laparie M. Lehmann P. Pitacco A. Battisti A. 2019. Termination of pupal diapause in the pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa Physiological Entomology 44 (1) 53-59.

  • Semiz G. Cetin H. Isik K. and Yanikoglu A. 2006. Effectiveness of a naturally derived insecticide spinosad against the pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni Tams. (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae) under laboratory conditions. Pest Management Science 62: 452–455.

  • Simonato M. Mendel Z. Kerdelhué C. Rousselet J. Magnoux E. Salvato P. Roques A. Battisti A. and Zane L. 2007. Phylogeography of the pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni in the Near East. Molecular Ecology 16: 2273–2283.

  • Snedecor G.W. and Cochran W.G. 1989. Statistical Methods 8th edn. Iowa State University Press Ames IA USA.

  • Stastny M. Battisti A. Petrucco Toffolo E. Schlyter F. and Larsson S. 2006. Host-plant use in the range expansion of the pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa. Ecological Entomology 31: 481-490.

  • Stelinski L.L. Gut L.J. Mallinger R.E. Epstein D. Reed T.P. and Miller J.R. 2005. Small plot trials documenting effective mating disruption of significant populations of oriental fruit moth Grapholita molesta (Busck) using high densities of wax-drop pheromone dispensers. Journal of Economic Entomology 98: 1267–1274.

  • Stelinski L.L. Gut L.J. Haas M. McGhee P. and Epstein D. 2007A. Evaluation of aerosol devices for simultaneous disruption of sex pheromone communication in Cydia pomonella and Grapholita molesta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Journal of Pest Science 80: 225–233.

  • Stelinski L.L. Miller J.R. Ledebuhr R. Siegert P. and Gut L.J. 2007B. Season-long mating disruption of Grapholita molesta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) by one machine application of pheromone in wax drops (SPLAT-OFM). Journal of Pest Science 80: 109–117.

  • Suckling D.M. 2000. Issues affecting the use of pheromones and other semiochemicals in orchards. Crop Protection 19: 677–683.

  • Tiberi R. and Niccoli A. 1984. Osservazioni pluriennali sull’ impiego di trappole con il feromone sessuale di Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Den. and Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae). Redia 67: 129–144.

  • Vega J.M. Moneo I. Ortiz J.C.G. Palla P.S. Sanchis M.E. Vega J. Gonzalez-Muñoz M. Battisti A. and Roques A. 2011. Prevalence of cutaneous reactions to the pine processionarymoth (Thaumetopoea pityocampa) in an adult population. Contact Dermatitis 64: 220–228.

  • Weatherston I. 1990. Principles of design of controlled-release formulations pp. 93-112. In R.L. Ridgway R.M. Silverstein and M.N. Inscoe lEds.) Behavior·modifying chemicals for insect management. Applications of pheromones and other attractants. Marcel Decker New York 761 pp.

  • Wilkins R.M. McGuffog D.R. Anerson T.P. Plimmer J.R. Pickett J.A. Dawson G.W. Griffith D.C. Liu X. MaCauly E.D.M. Woodcock C.M. Lie R. and Meghir S. 1984. Pesticides group symposium–recent developments in controlled release formulations for pest control. Pest Science 15: 258–267.

  • Witzgall P. Kirsch P. and Cork A. 2010. Sex Pheromones and their impact on pest management. Journal of Chemical Ecology 36: 80–100.

  • Yilmaz S. Karabőrklű S. and Azizoğlu U. 2013. Toxicity of native Bacillus thuringiensis isolates on the larval stages of pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni at different temperatures. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 37: 163-172.

  • Zada A. Falach L. and Byers J.A. 2009. Development of sol–gel formulations for slow release of pheromones. Chemoecology 19: 37–45.

  • Zdarek J. Vrkoc J. Hochmut R. and Kolk A 1988. Male confusion on the nun moth with dispalure at high and low population densities. Journal of Chemical Ecology 14: 537–547.

  • Zhang Q.H. and Paiva MR 1998. Female calling behaviour and male response to the sex pheromone in Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Den. and Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae). Journal of Applied Entomology 122: 353–360.

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 102 102 65
PDF Downloads 44 44 32