First report of Fusarium proliferatum causing stem and root rot on lucky bamboo (Dracaena braunii) in Iraq

Open access


Lucky bamboo (Dracaena braunii) is a popular ornamental plant in Iraq. Individuals of this plant showing stem and root rot symptoms were observed during a survey conducted from November 2015 to February 2016 in several nurseries in Kerbala province, Iraq. Based on morphological characteristics and sequence analyses of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the ribosomal DNA (rDNA), the pathogen was identified as Fusarium proliferatum. This is the first report of stem and root rot caused by F. proliferatum on lucky bamboo (D. braunii) in Iraq.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Abedi-Tizaki M. Zafari D. and Sadeghi J. 2016. First report of Fusarium solani causing stem rot of Dracaena in Iran. Journal of Plant Protection Research 56: 100-103.

  • Aoki T. O’Donnell K. and Geiser D.M. 2014. Systematics of key phytopathogenic Fusarium species: current status and future challenges. Journal of General Plant Pathology 80: 189–201.

  • Arias M.M.D. Munkvold G.P. and Leandro. L.F. 2011. First report of Fusarium proliferatum causing root rot on soybean (Glycine max) in the United States. Plant Disease 95(10): 316.

  • Bobev S.G. Castlebury L.A. Rossman A.Y. 2008. First report of Colletotrichum dracaenophilum on Dracaena sanderiana in Bulgaria. Plant Disease 92: 173–173.

  • Chang K.F. Hwang S.F. Conner R.L. Ahmed H.U. Zhou Q. Turnbull G.D. Strelkov S.E. McLaren D.L. and Gossen B.D. 2015. First report of Fusarium proliferatum causing root rot in soybean (Glycine max L.) in Canada. Crop Protection 67: 52-58.

  • Cong L.L. Sun Y. Kang J.M. Li M.N. Long R.C. Zhang T.J. and Yang Q.C. 2016. First report of root rot disease caused by Fusarium proliferatum on alfalfa in China. Plant Disease 100 (12): 2526.

  • Elmer W.H. 1990. Fusarium proliferatum as causal agent in Fusarium crown root rot of asparagus. Plant Disease 74: 938.

  • Gao J. Wang J. Yang C. Wang Y. Lu B.H. and Yang L.N. 2017. Fusarium proliferatum a new pathogen causing Codonopsis lanceolata root rot in China. Plant Disease 101(9): 1679.

  • Hawa M.M. Salleh B. and Latiffah Z. 2013. Characterization and pathogenicity of Fusarium proliferatum causing stem rot of Hylocereus polyrhizus in Malaysia. Annals of Applied Biology 163(2): 269–280.

  • Ichikawa K. and Aokl T. 2000. New leaf spot disease of Cymbidium species caused by Fusarium subglutinans and Fusarium proliferatum. Journal of General Pathology 66: 213-218.

  • Kim S. G. Ko H. Hur O. Luitel B. P. Rhee J. H. Yoon M. Baek H. Ryu K. and Sung J. S. 2016. First report of Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium proliferatum on safflower. Research of Plant Disease 22(2): 111-115

  • Leslie J.F. and Summerell B.A. 2006. The Fusarium laboratory manual. Wiley-Blackwell. 388 p.

  • Macedo D.M. and Barreto R.W. 2016. Colletotrichum dracaenophilum causes anthracnose on Dracaena braunii in Brazil. Australasian Plant Disease Notes 11: 5.

  • Morsy A.A. and Elshahawy I.E. 2016. Anthracnose of lucky bamboo Dracaena sanderiana caused by the fungus Colletotrichum dracaenophilum in Egypt. Journal of Advanced Research 7: 327-335.

  • Özer G. Bayraktar H. and Oksal E. 2011. First report of Fusarium proliferatum causing crown and root rot of asparagus officinalis in Turkey. Journal of Plant Pathology 93: S4.63-S4.89.

  • Pérez B.A. Berretta M.F. Carrión E. and Wright E.R. 2011. First report of root rot caused by Fusarium proliferatum on blueberry in Argentina. Plant Disease 95(11): 1478

  • Sharma K. Merrit J.L. Palmateer A. Goss E. Smith M. Schubert T. Johnson R.S. and van Bruggen A.H.C. 2014. Isolation characterization and management of Colletotrichum spp. causing anthracnose on lucky bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana). HortScience 49(4): 453–459.

  • Tamura K. Stecher G. Peterson D. Filipski A. and Kumar S. 2013. MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 2725–2729.

  • Watanabe T. 2010. Pictorial Atlas of Soil and Seed Fungi. Morphologies of Cultured Fungi and Key to Species (3rd Ed.). CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group. 426 p.

  • Wagih E. E. Shehata M. R. A. Farag S. A. and Dawood M. K. 1989. Dracaena Leaf Proliferosis a Newly Recorded Disease Affecting Dracaena sanderiana in Egypt. Journal of Phytopathology 126 (1):7-16.

  • White T.J. Bruns T. Lee S. and Taylor J. 1990. Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis M.A. et al. (eds). PCR protocols: a Guide to Methods and Applications. New York: Academic Press p. 315–322.

  • Zhang J. Wu X. Bi Y. Wu Y. lin G. He Y. and Mao Z. 2013. First report of Fusarium proliferatum infecting carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) in China. Journal of Phytopathology 161: 850–854.

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 239 219 13
PDF Downloads 142 130 10