Morphological and molecular genetic analysis of Synhimantus (Synhimantus) laticeps (Rudolphi, 1819) (Nematoda, Acuariidae) from the barn owl (Tyto alba) and the common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) in Austria

Open access

Summary

In the framework of the biodiversity initiative and barcoding project “Austrian Barcode of Life” (ABOL) post mortem examinations of the gastro-intestinal tracts of different species of wild birds were carried out and several adult helminths were retrieved. In the gizzard of two barn owls (Tyto alba) and one common kestrel (Falco tinnuculus) acuariid nematodes belonging to the species Synhimantus (Synhimantus) laticeps (Rudolphi, 1819) were discovered. This report illustrates the identification of this parasitic nematode by morphometric comparison and scanning electron microscopic photographs. Furthermore, genetic identification of individual parasites based on a fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene and the nuclear 18S ribosomal RNA gene was carried out. This report constitutes the first COI-based DNA barcoding of S. (S.) laticeps and its first record in the barn owl (Tyto alba) in Austria.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Acosta I. Hernández S. Gutiérrez P.N. Martínez-Cruz M.S. Hernández E. Buffoni L. Martínez-Moreno F.J. (2010): Acuaroid nematodes in the common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) in the south of Spain. Vet. J. 183: 234 – 237. DOI: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2008.10.013

  • Aşti C. Cengiz G. Sarimehmetoğlu H.G (2017): A case of Synhimantus (Synhimantus) laticeps (Rudolphi 1819) Railliet Henry and Sisoff 1912 (Nematoda Acuariidae) in common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus). Ankara Üniv. Vet. Fak. Derg. 64: 65 – 68. DOI: 10.1501/Vetfak_0000002776

  • Anderson R.C. (2000): Nematode Parasites of Vertebrates their Development and Transmission. 2nd Edition Walingford UK CABI Publishing 650 pp.

  • Borgsteede F.H.M. Okulewicz A. Zoun P.E.F. Okulewicz J. (2003): The helminth fauna of birds of prey (Accipitriformes Falconiformes and Strigiformes) in the Netherlands. Acta Parasitol. 48(3): 200 – 207

  • Chabaud A.G. (1975): Keys to the genera of the Order Spirurida. Part 2. Spiruroidea Habronematoidea and Acuarioidea. In: Anderson R.C. Chabaud A.G. Willmott S. (Eds) CIH Keys to the Nematode Parasites of Vertebrates. Farnham Royal UK: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux pp. 29 – 58

  • Cram E.B. (1927): Bird parasites of the nematode suborders Strongylata Ascaridata and Spirurata. Bull. U. S. Natl. Mus. 140: 1 – 465

  • Cramp S. Simmons K.E.L. (Eds) (1980): The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Volume II. Oxford New York USA Oxford University Press 695 pp.

  • Etchegoin J.A. Cremonte F. Navone G.t. (2000): Synhimantus (Synhimantus) laticeps (Rudolphi 1819) Railliet Henry et Sisoff 1912 (Nematoda Acuariidae) parasitic in Tyto alba (Gmelin) (Aves Tytonidae) in Argentina. Acta Parasitol. 45(2): 99 – 106

  • Folmer O. Black M. Hoeh W. Lutz R. Vrijenhoeck R. (1994): DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Mol. Marine Biol. Biotechnol. 3(5): 294 – 299.

  • Furmaga S. (1957): The helminth fauna of predatory birds (Accipitres et Striges) of the environment of Lublin. Acta Parasitol. 5(13): 215 – 297

  • Honisch M. (2008): Phylogenie von Nematoden einheimischer Greifvögel [Phylogeny of nematodes from birds of prey]. Doctoral Thesis Germany Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin (In German)

  • Honisch M. Krone O. (2008): Phylogenetic relationships of Spiruromorpha from birds of prey based on 18S rDNA. Journal of Helminthology 82: 129 – 133. DOI: 10.1017/S0022149X08912359

  • Kotremba J. (1978): Beitrag zur Helminthen- und Acanthocephalenfauna heimischer Greifvögel [Helminths and acanthocephala of endemic birds of prey]. Doctoral Thesis Austria Vienna: University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna (In German)

  • Krone O. (2000): Endoparasites in free-ranging birds of prey in Germany. In: Lumeij J.T. Remple J.D. Redig P.T. Lierz M. Cooper J.E. (Eds) Raptor Biomedicine III. Lake Worth Florida USA: Zoological Education Network Inc. pp. 101 – 116

  • Kutzer E. Frey H. Kotremba J. (1980): Zur Parasitenfauna österreichischer Greifvögel (Falconiformes) [Parasites of Austrian birds of prey (Falconiformes)]. Angew. Parasitol. 21: 183 – 205 (In German)

  • Kutzer E. Frey H. Nöbauer H. (1982): Zur Parasitenfauna österreichischer Eulenvögel (Strigiformes) [Parasite fauna of Austrian owls (Strigiformes)]. Angew. Parasitol. 23: 190 – 197 (In German)

  • Osche G. (1955): Bau Entwicklung und systematische Bedeutung der Cordons der Acuariidae (Nematoda) am Beispiel von Stammerinema soricis (Tiner 1951) gen. nov. [Structure development and systematic significance of cordons of Acuariidae (Nematode) an example of Stammerinema soricis (Tiner 1951) gen. nov.]. Z. Parasitenkd. 17(2): 73 – 92 (In German)

  • Perera A. Maia J.P.M.C Jorge F. Harris D.J. (2013): Molecular screening of nematodes in lacertid lizards from the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands using 18S rRNA sequences. J. Helminthol. 87(2): 189 – 194. DOI: 10.1017/S0022149X12000181

  • Rudolphi C.A. (1819): Entozoorum synopsis cui accedunt mantissa duplex et indices locupletissimi. Berlin Germany Sumptibus Augusti Rücker 811 pp.

  • Sanmartín M.L. Álvarez F. Barreiro G. Leiro J. (2004): Helminth fauna of falconiform and strigiform birds of prey in Galicia Northwest Spain. Parasitol. Res. 92: 255 – 263. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-003-1042-z

  • Santoro M. Tripepi M. Kinsella J.M. Panebianco A. Mattiucci S. (2010): Helminth infestation in birds of prey (Accipitriformes and Falconiformes) in Southern Italy. Vet. J. 186: 119 – 122. DOI: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.07.001

  • Santoro M. Mattiucci S. Nascetti G. Kinsella J.M. Di Prisco F. Troisi S. D'Alessio N. Veneziano V. Aznar F.J. (2012): Helminth communities of owls (Strigiformes) indicate strong biological and ecological differences from birds of prey (Accipitriformes and Falconiformes) in Southern Italy. PLoS One 7(12): e53375. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053375

  • Schreven K. Mooijman P. Helder H. (2015): De parasitaire nematode Synhimantus laticeps geïdentificeerd op basis van de 18S rDNA sequentie in de maag van een vermagerde Sperwer Accipiter nisus [The parasitic nematode Synhimantus laticeps identified on the basis of 18S DNA sequence from the stomach of an emaciated Eurasian sparrwohawk (Accipiter nisus)]. De Takkeling 23(2): 134 – 140 (In Dutch)

  • v. Siebold K.T.E. (1837): Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Helminthen [Life history of helminths]. In: Burdach K.F. Die Physiologie als Erfahrungswissenschaft [Physiology as empirical science]. Zweiter Band. Zweite berichtigte und vermehrte Auflage. Leipzig Germany: Verlag Leopold Bok pp. 183 – 213 (In German)

  • Smogorzhevskaya L.A. (1990): Nematodes. Part 3. Acuarioidea. In: Sharpilo V.P. (Ed) Fauna Ukrainy [The Fauna of Ukraine]. Volume 32. Kiev Ukraine: Naukova Dumka pp. 1 – 188 (In Russian)

  • Yamaguti S. (1961): Systema Helminthum. Volume III. The Nematodes of Vertebrates. Part I. New York USA Interscience Publishers Inc. 679 pp.

  • Zhang L. Brooks D.R. Causey D. (2004): Two species of Synhimantus (Dispharynx) Railliet Henry and Sisoff 1912 (Nematoda: Acuarioidea: Acuariidae) in passerine birds from the Area de Conservacion Guanacaste Costa Rica. J. Parasitol. 90(5): 1133 – 138. DOI: 10.1645/GE-3253

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.731
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.634

CiteScore 2018: 0.8

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.398
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.554

Target audience: researchers in the field of human, veterinary medicine and natural science
Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 284 164 10
PDF Downloads 166 100 5