New data on wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) a dead-end host for large American liver fluke (Fascioloides magna)

Open access


Fascioloidosis is a parasitic disease of primary wild and domestic ruminants, caused by a digenean trematode, Fascioloides magna. The final hosts of F. magna are divided according to the host-parasite interactions into definitive, dead end and aberrant. The clinical appearance, pathology, outcome of disease, and its importance in disease epidemiology vary with different host types. According to this division, wild boar (Sus scrofa) are characterized as a dead end host. In this paper we analysed 12 wild boar livers from Croatia. Eleven of them contained pigment traces, pseudocysts, degrading pseudocysts, fluke migratory channels, live and degrading flukes. F. magna eggs were found in pseudocysts, but no eggs were recovered from faeces. Concurrent infection with F. magna and Fasciola hepatica was detected in one liver. According to everything we observed, wild boar currently has no direct role in maintaining and spreading the disease.

BALBO, T., ROSSI, L., MENEGUZ, P. G. (1989): Integrated control of Fascioloides magna infection in northern Italy. Parassitologia, 31: 137 - 144

BAZSALOVICSOVÁ, E., KRÁLOVÁ-HROMADOVÁ, I., RADVÁNSZKY, J., BECK, R. (2013): The origin of the giant liver fluke, Fascioloides magna (Trematoda: Fasciolidae) from Croatia determined by high-resolution melting screening of mitochondrial cox1 haplotypes. Parasitol. Res., 112: 2661-2666. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-013-3433-0

ERHARDOVÁ-KOTRLÁ, B. (1971): The Occurence of Fascioloides magna (Bassi, 1785) in Czechoslovakia. Academia, Prague. 155 pp.

FOREYT, W. J., TODD, A. C. (1972): The occurrence of Fascioloides magna and Fasciola hepatica together in the livers of naturally infected cattle in south Texas, and the incidence of the flukes in cattle, white-tailed deer, and feral hogs. J. Parasitol., 58: 1010-1011

FOREYT, W. J., TODD, A. C., FOREYT, K. (1975): Fascioloides magna (Bassi 1875) in feral swine from Southern Texas. J. Wildl. Dis. 11: 554 - 559. DOI: 10.7589/0090-3558-11.4.554

GICZI, E. (2008): Fascioloides magna (Bassi, 1875) infection of Hungarian red deer and roe deer stock and the possibility of protection. PhD, Hungary, Budapest: University of West Hungary.

KRÁLOVÁ-HROMADOVÁ, I., BAZSALOVICSOVÁ, E., STEFKA, J., ŠPAKULOVÁ, M., VÁVROVÁ, S., SZEMES, T., TKACH, V., TRUDGETT, A., PYBUS, M. (2011): Multiple origins of European populations of the giant liver fluke Fascioloides magna (Trematoda: Fasciolidae), a liver parasite of ruminants. Int. J. Parasitol., 41: 373 - 383. DOI: 10.1016/j. ijpara.2010.10.010

KRÁLOVÁ-HROMADOVÁ, I., JUHÁSOVÁ, L., BAZSALOVICSOVÁ, E. (2016): The Giant Liver Fluke, Fascioloides magna: Past, Present and Future Research. Switzerland, Springer International Publishing AG, pp. 43 - 54

MAJOROS, G., SZTOJKOV, V. (1994): Appearance of the American liver fluke Fascioloides magna (Bassi, 1875) (Trematoda: Fasciolata) in Hungary. Parasitol. Hungaria, 27: 27-38

MARINCULIĆ, A., DŽAKULA, N., JANICKI, Z., HARDY, Z., LUČINGER, S., ŽIVIČNJAK, T. (2002): Appearance of American liver fluke (Fascioloides magna, Bassi, 1875) in Croatia - a case report. Vet. Arhiv, 72: 319 - 325

PFEIFFER, H. (1983): Fascioloides magna: Erster Fund in Österreich. Wien. Tierarztl. Monat., 70: 168 - 170

PYBUS, M.J. (2001): Liver fl ukes. In: SAMUEL, W.M., PYBUS, M.J., KOCAN, A.A. (Eds) Parasitic diseases of wild mammals. 2nd edn. Ames, Iowa State University Press, USA, pp. 121-149.

RAJSKÝ, D., PATUS, A., BUKOVJAN, K. (1994): Prvý nález Fascioloides magna (Bassi, 1875) na Slovensku. Slov. Vet. Čas., 19: 29 - 30

RAJSKÝ, D., ČORBA, J., VARADY, M., ŠPAKULOVÁ, M., CABADAJ, R. (2002): Control of fascioloidosis (Fascioloides magna Bassi, 1875) in red deer and roe deer. Helminthologia, 39: 67-70

SALOMON, S. (1932): Fascioloides magna bei deutscheum Totwild. Berl. Tier. Woch., 48: 627-628

SCHWARTZ, W.L., LAWHORN, D.B., MONTGOMERY, E. (1993): Fascioloides magna in a feral pig. J. Swine Health Prod., 1: 27.

SELEMETAS, N., DE WAAL, T. (2015): Detection of major climatic and environmental predictors of liver fl uke exposure risk in Ireland using spatial cluster analysis. Vet. Parasitol., 209: 242 - 253. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.02.029

TRAILOVIĆ, S., KULIŠIĆ, Z., MARINKOVIĆ, D. (2008): Fascioloides magna in deer population in Vojvodina - our experiences. In XXIX Veterinary innovations seminar, February 14, 2008. Beograd, Serbia, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, pp. 29-40

ULLRICH, K. (1930): The presence of rare or little-known parasites of mammals and birds in Bohemia and Moravia (in German). Prag. Arch. Tiermed. Vergl. Pathol., 10: 19 - 43

VUKELIĆ, J. (2012): Forest vegetation in Croatia. Zagreb, Croatia. University of Zagreb Forestry Faculty and State Institute for Nature Protection (In Croatian)

ZAJAC, A.M., CONBOY, G.A. (2012): Veterinary Clinical Parasitology. 8th Edition. Ames, Iowa, USA, Wiley-Blackwell, John Wiley & Sons, pp. 5-8

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.731
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.634

CiteScore 2018: 0.8

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.398
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.554

Target Group researchers in the field of human, veterinary medicine and natural science


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 273 201 9
PDF Downloads 130 101 10