New data on wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) a dead-end host for large American liver fluke (Fascioloides magna)

Open access

Summary

Fascioloidosis is a parasitic disease of primary wild and domestic ruminants, caused by a digenean trematode, Fascioloides magna. The final hosts of F. magna are divided according to the host-parasite interactions into definitive, dead end and aberrant. The clinical appearance, pathology, outcome of disease, and its importance in disease epidemiology vary with different host types. According to this division, wild boar (Sus scrofa) are characterized as a dead end host. In this paper we analysed 12 wild boar livers from Croatia. Eleven of them contained pigment traces, pseudocysts, degrading pseudocysts, fluke migratory channels, live and degrading flukes. F. magna eggs were found in pseudocysts, but no eggs were recovered from faeces. Concurrent infection with F. magna and Fasciola hepatica was detected in one liver. According to everything we observed, wild boar currently has no direct role in maintaining and spreading the disease.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • BALBO T. ROSSI L. MENEGUZ P. G. (1989): Integrated control of Fascioloides magna infection in northern Italy. Parassitologia 31: 137 - 144

  • BAZSALOVICSOVÁ E. KRÁLOVÁ-HROMADOVÁ I. RADVÁNSZKY J. BECK R. (2013): The origin of the giant liver fluke Fascioloides magna (Trematoda: Fasciolidae) from Croatia determined by high-resolution melting screening of mitochondrial cox1 haplotypes. Parasitol. Res. 112: 2661-2666. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-013-3433-0

  • ERHARDOVÁ-KOTRLÁ B. (1971): The Occurence of Fascioloides magna (Bassi 1785) in Czechoslovakia. Academia Prague. 155 pp.

  • FOREYT W. J. TODD A. C. (1972): The occurrence of Fascioloides magna and Fasciola hepatica together in the livers of naturally infected cattle in south Texas and the incidence of the flukes in cattle white-tailed deer and feral hogs. J. Parasitol. 58: 1010-1011

  • FOREYT W. J. TODD A. C. FOREYT K. (1975): Fascioloides magna (Bassi 1875) in feral swine from Southern Texas. J. Wildl. Dis. 11: 554 - 559. DOI: 10.7589/0090-3558-11.4.554

  • GICZI E. (2008): Fascioloides magna (Bassi 1875) infection of Hungarian red deer and roe deer stock and the possibility of protection. PhD Hungary Budapest: University of West Hungary.

  • KRÁLOVÁ-HROMADOVÁ I. BAZSALOVICSOVÁ E. STEFKA J. ŠPAKULOVÁ M. VÁVROVÁ S. SZEMES T. TKACH V. TRUDGETT A. PYBUS M. (2011): Multiple origins of European populations of the giant liver fluke Fascioloides magna (Trematoda: Fasciolidae) a liver parasite of ruminants. Int. J. Parasitol. 41: 373 - 383. DOI: 10.1016/j. ijpara.2010.10.010

  • KRÁLOVÁ-HROMADOVÁ I. JUHÁSOVÁ L. BAZSALOVICSOVÁ E. (2016): The Giant Liver Fluke Fascioloides magna: Past Present and Future Research. Switzerland Springer International Publishing AG pp. 43 - 54

  • MAJOROS G. SZTOJKOV V. (1994): Appearance of the American liver fluke Fascioloides magna (Bassi 1875) (Trematoda: Fasciolata) in Hungary. Parasitol. Hungaria 27: 27-38

  • MARINCULIĆ A. DŽAKULA N. JANICKI Z. HARDY Z. LUČINGER S. ŽIVIČNJAK T. (2002): Appearance of American liver fluke (Fascioloides magna Bassi 1875) in Croatia - a case report. Vet. Arhiv 72: 319 - 325

  • PFEIFFER H. (1983): Fascioloides magna: Erster Fund in Österreich. Wien. Tierarztl. Monat. 70: 168 - 170

  • PYBUS M.J. (2001): Liver fl ukes. In: SAMUEL W.M. PYBUS M.J. KOCAN A.A. (Eds) Parasitic diseases of wild mammals. 2nd edn. Ames Iowa State University Press USA pp. 121-149.

  • RAJSKÝ D. PATUS A. BUKOVJAN K. (1994): Prvý nález Fascioloides magna (Bassi 1875) na Slovensku. Slov. Vet. Čas. 19: 29 - 30

  • RAJSKÝ D. ČORBA J. VARADY M. ŠPAKULOVÁ M. CABADAJ R. (2002): Control of fascioloidosis (Fascioloides magna Bassi 1875) in red deer and roe deer. Helminthologia 39: 67-70

  • SALOMON S. (1932): Fascioloides magna bei deutscheum Totwild. Berl. Tier. Woch. 48: 627-628

  • SCHWARTZ W.L. LAWHORN D.B. MONTGOMERY E. (1993): Fascioloides magna in a feral pig. J. Swine Health Prod. 1: 27.

  • SELEMETAS N. DE WAAL T. (2015): Detection of major climatic and environmental predictors of liver fl uke exposure risk in Ireland using spatial cluster analysis. Vet. Parasitol. 209: 242 - 253. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.02.029

  • TRAILOVIĆ S. KULIŠIĆ Z. MARINKOVIĆ D. (2008): Fascioloides magna in deer population in Vojvodina - our experiences. In XXIX Veterinary innovations seminar February 14 2008. Beograd Serbia Faculty of Veterinary Medicine pp. 29-40

  • ULLRICH K. (1930): The presence of rare or little-known parasites of mammals and birds in Bohemia and Moravia (in German). Prag. Arch. Tiermed. Vergl. Pathol. 10: 19 - 43

  • VUKELIĆ J. (2012): Forest vegetation in Croatia. Zagreb Croatia. University of Zagreb Forestry Faculty and State Institute for Nature Protection (In Croatian)

  • ZAJAC A.M. CONBOY G.A. (2012): Veterinary Clinical Parasitology. 8th Edition. Ames Iowa USA Wiley-Blackwell John Wiley & Sons pp. 5-8

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.731
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.634

CiteScore 2018: 0.8

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.398
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.554

Target audience: researchers in the field of human, veterinary medicine and natural science
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 281 156 0
PDF Downloads 138 85 0