Prevalence of intestinal parasites in children from minority group with low hygienic standards in Slovakia

P. Rudohradská 1 , M. Halánová 2 , P. Ravaszová 3 , M. Goldová 4 , A. Valenčáková 3 , M. Halán 4 , I. Papajová 1 , A. Pohorencová 2 , J. Valko 2 , L. Čisláková 2  und P. Juriš 2
  • 1 Parasitological Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Hlinkova 3, 040 01, Košice, Slovak Republic
  • 2 Department of Public Health, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, Faculty of Medicine, Šrobárová 2, 041 80, Košice, Slovak Republic
  • 3 Department of Biology and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Komenského 73, 041 81, Košice, Slovak Republic
  • 4 Department of Epizootology and Parasitology, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Komenského 73, 041 81, Košice, Slovak Republic

Abstract

The number of parasites followed the rapid growing of human population worldwide, not only in developing but also in developed countries. Many of them are diagnosed in children and adolescents. The occurrence of selected intestinal endoparasites in children coming from areas with low hygienic and socioeconomic status was studied. Out of 81 faecal samples examined, 46 (56.8 %) were positive for presence of intestinal parasites. From helminths, Ascaris lumbricoides was found to be the leading parasite (24.7 %), followed by Trichuris trichiura (17.3 %). Tapeworm Taenia spp. eggs were detected in 4.9 % of examined children. From protozoan parasites Cryptosporidium spp. was observed in 36 children (44.4 %) and Giardia intestinalis in 20 children (24.7 %). The occurrence of these epidemiologically low risky parasites in Roma children population suggests low hygienic standard in the Roma settlements.

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