Structure of Metastrongylidae in wild boars from southern Poland

Open access

Abstract

Of 25 wild boars (Sus scrofa) collected in southern Poland during the winter season of 2009/2010 and examined for lung nematodes, 20 (80.0 %) were concominantly infected, and the mean ± SD intensity reached 84.8 ± 67.6 (range 7–250) parasites. From the whole of 1695 gathered Metastrongylidae specimens, 1121 (66.1 %) were distinguished to five species: Metastrongylus pudendotectus, M. salmi, M. asymmetricus, M. elongatus and M. confusus. The species ratios were 3.4:2.7:1.5:1.1:1.0, respectively, with the average male to female worms proportion of 1:2.7. M. pudendotectus and M. confusus affected most (76.0 %) of animals, followed by M. salmi (72.0 %), M. elongatus (64.0 %) and M. asymmetricus (40.0 %). Compared to juveniles under 1 year and females, adults and male hosts tended to be more infected, and wild boars inhabiting primeval forest were more affected by lung nematodes than those living in the arable land, all the differences being however not significant. Possible factors structuring Metastrongylidae communities are discussed.

  • [1] Barutzki, D., Richter, R. (1990): Investigations on the endoparasitic infection of wild boars from open areas. Z. Jagdwiss. 36: 244–251 (in German) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02242398

  • [2] Barutzki, D., Schoierer, R., Gothe, R. (1990): Helminth infections in wild boars kept in enclosures in southern Germany: species spectrum and infection frequency. Tieraerztl. Prax., 18(5): 529–534 (in German)

  • [3] Barutzki, D., Schoierer, R., Gothe, R. (1991): Helminth infections in wild boars kept in enclosures in southern Germany: severity of infections and fecal intensity. Tieraerztl. Prax., 19(6): 644–648 (in German)

  • [4] Biddau, M., Cherchi, M., Cabras, P. A., Mesina, G., Deiana, A. M., Garippa, G. (2003): Lungworms in wild boars from the Nuoro Province. J. Mt. Ecol., 7(Suppl.): 185–187 (in Italian)

  • [5] De-la-muela, N., Hernández-de-luján, S., Ferre, I. (2001): Helminths of wild boar in Spain. J. Wildl. Dis., 37(4): 840–843

  • [6] Drożdż, J., Zalewska-schönthaler, N. (1987): Metastrongylus confusus Jansen, 1964 — a new for Poland lung nematode of wild boar. Wiad. Parazytol., 33: 217–218 (in Polish)

  • [7] Epe, C., Spellmeyer, O., Stoye, M. (1997): Investigations on the occurrence of endoparasites in wild boars. Z. Jagdwiss., 43: 99–104 (in German) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02241418

  • [8] Ewing, M. S., Ewing, S. A., Keener, M. S., Mulholland, R. J. (1982): Mutualism among parasitic nematodes: a population model. Ecol. Mod., 15(4): 353–366 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-3800(82)90089-8

  • [9] Fernandez-de-mera, I. G., Gortazar, C., Vicente, J., HÖFLE, U., Fierro, Y. (2003): Wild boar helminths: risks in animal translocations. Vet. Parasitol., 115: 335–341 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4017(03)00211-5

  • [10] Forrester, D. J., Porter, J. H., Belden, R. C., Frankenburger, W. B. (1982): Lungworms of feral swine in Florida. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc., 181(11): 1278–1280

  • [11] Frączak, K. (1974): An attempt at determining the role of parasites as a factor controlling the numbers of a wild boar (Sus scrofa) population. Wiad. Parazytol., 5: 747–749

  • [12] Gadomska, K. (1981): The qualitative and quantitative structure of the helminthocoenosis of wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) living in natural (Kampinos National Park) and breeding conditions. Acta Parasit. Pol., 28: 151–170

  • [13] Holló F. 1965a. Investigations on metastrongylosis in swine. I. Frequency of metastrongylosis and species causing it in Hungary. Acta Vet. Acad. Sci. Hung., 15: 45–60

  • [14] Holló F. 1965b. Investigations on metastrongylosis in swine. II. Some remarks to the morphology of Metastrongylus salmi, Gedoelst, 1923 with special reference to its differentiation from M. apri. Acta Vet. Acad. Sci. Hung., 15: 259–268

  • [15] Holz, J., Lian, A. G. T. (1968): The differences in virulence of Metastrongylus elongatus (Dujardin, 1845) and M. pudendotectus (Wostokow, 1905) species to Sus scrofa (javanica). Wiad. Parazytol., 14(1): 79–82 (in Polish)

  • [16] Houszka, M. (2001): Metastrongylosis as an agent in the population decrease of wild boars. Medycyna Wet., 57: 638–640 (in Polish)

  • [17] Humbert, J. F., Henry, C. (1989): Studies on the prevalence and the transmission of lung and stomach nematodes of the wild boar (Sus scrofa) in France. J. Wildl. Dis., 25(3): 335–341

  • [18] Jansen J. (1964): On the lungworms of the wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) in the Netherlands, with a description of Metastrongylus confusus n.sp. Tijdschr. Diergeneesk., 89: 1205–1211

  • [19] JÄRVIS, T., Kapel, C., Moks, E., Talvik, H., MÄGI, E. (2007): Helminths of wild boar in the isolated population close to the northern border of its habitat area. Vet. Parasitol., 150: 366–369 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2007.09.015

  • [20] Kamieniarz, R., Panek M. (2008): Game animals in Poland at the turn of the 20 th and 21 st century. Czempiń, Stacja Badawcza — OHZ PZŁ w Czempiniu, pp. 46–49 (in Polish)

  • [21] Morita, T., Haruta, K., Shibata-Haruta, A., Kanda, E., Imai, S, Ike, K. (2007): Lung worms of wild boars in the western region of Tokyo, Japan. J. Vet. Med. Sci., 69: 417–420 http://dx.doi.org/10.1292/jvms.69.417

  • [22] Noda, R. (1973): A new species of Metastrongylus (Nematoda) from a wild boar with remarks on other species. Bull. Univ. Osaka Pref. Ser. B, 25: 21–29

  • [23] Nosal, P., Kowal, J., Nowosad, B., Morawski, P. (2009a): Foreign parasites in European wild boar population. In Parazytozy zwierząt wolno żyjących: ᅠwiadomoᅠć narastającego problemu, September 21–22, 2009. Warsaw, Poland: Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Siences, Warsaw, Poland, 2009, p. 61 (in Polish)

  • [24] Nosal, P., Morawski, P., Kowal, J., Nowosad, B. (2009b): The first record of the lungworm, Metastrongylus asymmetricus (Noda, 1973), in the wild boar from Poland. Wiad. Parazytol., 55(3): 227–230 (in Polish)

  • [25] Pence, D. B., Warren, R. J., Ford, C. R. (1988): Visceral helminth communities of an insular population of feral swine. J. Wildl. Dis., 24(1): 105–112

  • [26] Rajković-Janje, R., Bosnić, S., Rimac, D., Dragičević, P., Vinković, B. (2002): Prevalence of helminths in wild boar from hunting grounds in eastern Croatia. Z. Jagdwiss., 48: 261–270

  • [27] Roepstorff, A., Nansen, P. (1998): Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Control of Helminth Parasites of Swine. Rome, FAO, 161 pp.

  • [28] RÓZSA, L., Reiczigel, J., Majoros, G. (2000): Quantifying parasites in samples of hosts. J. Parasitol., 86(2): 228–232

  • [29] Sato, H., Suzuki, K., Yokoyama M. (2008): Visceral helminths of wild boars (Sus scrofa leucomystax) in Japan, with special reference to a new species of the genus Morgascaridia Inglis, 1958 (Nematoda: Schneidernematidae). J. Helminthol., 82: 159–168 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X08936191

  • [30] Sobieszewski, K. (1969): Metastrongylosis of swine originating from the Lublin Palatinate. Acta Parasitol. Pol., 16: 91–95

  • [31] Tarczyński, S. (1956): Parasitic worms of swine and wild boars in Poland. Acta Parasitol. Pol., 4: 663–779 (in Polish)

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.472
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.609

CiteScore 2016: 0.58

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.316
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.678

Target Group researchers in the field of human, veterinary medicine and natural science

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 6 6 6
PDF Downloads 1 1 1