First evidence of Paraheligmonina gracilis and Hymenolepis sulcata among fat dormice (Glis glis L.) from Croatia

D. Konjević 1 , M. Špakulová 2 , R. Beck 3 , M. Goldová 4 , K. Severin 1 , J. Margaletić 5 , K. Pintur 6 , T. Keros 7 , and S. Perić 8
  • 1 Department for Game Biology, Pathology and Breeding, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Heinzelova 55, 10 000, Zagreb, Croatia
  • 2 Parasitological Institute SAS, Košice, Slovak Republic
  • 3 Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
  • 4 Department of Parasitology, Diseases of Fish, Bees & Game, University of Veterinary Medicine, Košice, Slovak Republic
  • 5 Department of Forest Protection and Wildlife Management, Forestry Faculty, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • 6 Department of Gamekeeping and Environmental Protection, Polytechnic of Karlovac, Karlovac, Croatia
  • 7 Croatian Veterinary Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
  • 8 Department for Ecology and Sylviculture, Forest Research Institute, Jastrebarsko, Croatia


The present study reports for the first time on the helminth species occurring in the gastro-intestinal system of fat dormice (Glis glis) in Croatia. Out of 55 dormice, 63.7 % harboured helminths belonging to two species, the nematode Paraheligmonina gracilis (syn. Longistriata elpatievskii) (Heligmonellidae, Trichostrogyloidea) in the prevalence of 52.7 %, and the cestode Hymenolepis sulcata (Hymenolepididae, Cyclophyllidea) in the prevalence of 32.7 %. Concurrent infections of both parasites were found in 12 fat dormice, P. gracilis alone was detected in 17 hosts and H. sulcata alone in 6 samples. No influence of parasitic infestation on animal weight was observed. Glirid helminths do not represent zoonotic pathogens despite the fact that dormice occasionally inhabit cottages and village houses, and are used in human nutrition.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Andrašić, D. (1979): Zoology of game animals and hunting technology. SNL, Zagreb (in Croatian)

  • [2] Anonymus (2005): Hunting Law. The Official Gazzete of the Republic of Croatia, No 140/05 (in Croatian)

  • [3] Baruš, V., Tenora, F. (1956): A contribution to the knowledge of the helminthfauna of dormice (Myoxidae) in Czechoslovakia. Biologia, 11: 651–661 (in Czech with German summary)

  • [4] Cheng, T. C. (1986). General Parasitology, 2nd edition. Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, Florida

  • [5] Cvrtila, Ž., Konjević, D., Kozačinski, L., Hadžiosmanović, M., Slavica, A., Margaletić, J. (2004): The chemical composition of the meat of fat dormice (Glis glis L.). Eur. J. Wildl. Res., 50: 90–91

  • [6] Durette-Desset, M. C. (1969): Redescription de l’Heligmosome du Loir (Glis glis L.). Ann. Parasitol. Hum. Comp., 44: 609–616 (in French)

  • [7] Faivre, J. P., Vaucher, C. (1978): Redescription de Hymenolepis sulcata (von Linstow, 1879), parasite du loir Glis glis (L.). Bull. Soc. Neuchat. Sci. Nat., 101: 53–58

  • [8] Feliu, C. (1987): Efecto de la dispersión geográfica de una especie hospedadora sobre su parasitofauna: El caso de los helmintos de las poblaciones ibéricas de Glis glis (Linnaeus, 1766) (Rodentia: Gliridae) y Clethrionomys glareolus (Schreber, 1780) (Rodentia: Arvicolidae). Rev. Ibér. Parasitol., Vol. Extraord., 79–83 (in Spanish)

  • [9] Forenbacher, S. (2002): Compendium of the Velebit fauna I. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Zagreb, Zagreb (in Croatian)

  • [10] Genov, T. (1984): Helminths of insectivorous mammals and rodents in Bulgaria. Publ. House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia (in Bulgarian)

  • [11] Gigirey, A., Rey, J. M. (1998): Autumn diet of the edible dormouse in Galicia, northwest Spain. Acta Theriol., 43: 325–328

  • [12] Grubešić, M., Radović, J. (1996): The dormice hunting, a traditional custom in Croatia versus dormice protection. In Tvrtković, N., Baltić, M. (Eds): Book of Abstracts of the III International Conference on Dormice. Croatian Natural History Museum, Zagreb, Croatia: 19

  • [13] Konjević, D., Krapinec, K. (2004): Fat dormouse (Glis glis Linnaeus, 1766), from hunting to groceries. Meso, 6: 60–63 (in Croatian with English summary)

  • [14] Levi, M. H., Raucher, B. G., Teicher, E., Sheehan, D. J., McKitrick, J. C. (1987): Hymenolepis diminuta: One of three enteric pathogens isolated from a child. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis., 7: 255–259

  • [15] Marangi, M., Zechini, B., Fileti, A., Quaranta, G., Aceti, A. (2003): Hymenolepis diminuta infection in a child living in the urban area of Rome, Italy. J. Clin. Microbiol., 41: 3994–3995

  • [16] Murai, E., Tenora, F. (1977): Hymenolepis sulcata (von Linstow, 1879): occurrence in Glis glis (Rodentia) in Hungary. Parasitol. Hung., 10: 63–66

  • [17] Salamantin, R., Cielecka, D., Karbowiak, G., Stanko, M. (2005): Hymenolepis sulcata (von Linstow, 1879): occurrence in dormice, Glis glis (Rodentia) in Slovak Republic. Helminthologia, 42: 185–186

  • [18] Skrjabin, K. I., Shikhobalova, N. P., Schultz, R. S. (1954): Dictyocaulids, Heligmosomatids and Ollulanids. In Skrjabin, K. I. (Ed): Osnovy Nematodologii. Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Leningrad, U.S.S.R.: 4, 319 (in Russian)

  • [19] Tenora, F. (1965): Supplementary notes on hymenolepidid tapeworms parasitizing glirid dormice in South-Slovakian Limestone Area (Czechoslovakia). Čsl. Parazitol., 12: 299–303

  • [20] Tenora, F., Baruš, V., Koubková, B. (1999): Remarks on tapeworms of the family Hymenolepididae (Cyclophyllidea) parasitizing dormice (Gliridae: Rodentia) in Europe. Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendel. Brun., 47: 13–23

  • [21]

  • [22]


Journal + Issues