The paper deals with the mechanics of sand with some admixtures of fines. The basic question is whether such admixtures are liquefiable or not. Experimental results show that admixtures of fines do not essentially influence the liquefaction susceptibility of granular soils. The original experimental investigations support this conclusion.
Chu J. and Wanatowski D. (2008) Instability Conditions of Loose Sand in Plane Strain, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, 134 (1), 136–142.
Chu J. and Wanatowski D. (2009) Effect of Loading Mode on Strain Softening and Instability Behaviour of Sand in Plane-Strain Tests, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, 135 (1), 108–120.
Garga V. and McKay L. (1984) Cyclic triaxial strength of mines tailings, Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE,110 (8), 1091–1105.
Groot M. B. de, Bolton M. D., Foray P., Meijers P., Palmer A. C., Sandven R., Sawicki A. and Teh T. C. (2006) Physics of liquefaction phenomena around marine structures, Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE,132 (4), 227–243.
Guo T. and Prakash S. (1999) Liquefaction of silts and silt-clay mixtures, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE,125 (8), 706–710.
Idriss I. M. and Boulanger R. W. (2008) Soil Liquefaction during Earthquakes, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, MNO-12, Oakland, California.
Ishihara K. (1996) Soil Behaviour in Earthquake Geotechnics, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Ishihara K., Troncoso J., Kawase Y. and Takahashi Y. (1980b) Cyclic strength characteristics of tailing materials, Soils and Foundations, 20 (4), 127–142.
Lade P. V and Yamamuro J. A. (1997) Effects of nonplastic fines on static liquefaction of sand, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 34 (6), 918–928.
Park S.-S. and Kim Y.-S. (2013) Liquefaction resistance of sands containing plastic fines with different plasticity, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE,139 (5), 825–830.
Sawicki A. and Mierczyński J. (2006) Developments in modelling liquefaction of granular soils, caused by cyclic loads, Applied Mechanics Reviews, ASME, 59 (2), 91–106.
Sumer B. M., Ansal A., Cetin K. O., Damgaard J., Gunbak A. R., Ottesen Hansen N.-E., Sawicki A., Synolakis C. E., Yalciner A. C., Yuksel Y. and Zen K. (2007) Earthquake-induced liquefaction around marine structures, Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, 133 (1), 55–82.
Świdziński W. and Mierczyński J. (2009) Experimental investigations of the cyclic mobility of saturated sand (in Polish), Inżynieria Morska i Geotechnika, 4, 271–280.
Tsuchida H. (1970) Prediction and counter measure against the liquefaction in sand deposits (in Japanese), Seminar in the Port and Harbor Research Institute, Ministry of Transport.
Xenaki V. C. and Athanasopoulos G. A. (2003) Liquefaction resistance of sand-silt mixtures: an experimental investigation of the effect of fines, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 23, 183–194.
Yamamuro J. A. and Covert K. M. (2001) Monotonic and cyclic liquefaction of very loose sands with high silt content, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, 127 (4), 314–324.