Conservation assessment and action on Lotus sanguineus (Fabaceae), a critically endangered endemic species to Turkey

Ümit Subaşıhttp://orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8003-6227 1 , Fatoş Şekerciler 2 ,  and Mecit Vural 3
  • 1 Ege University Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology, İzmir, Turkey
  • 2 Ankara University, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology, Ankara, Turkey
  • 3 Gazi University, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology, Ankara, Turkey

Abstract

Lotus sanguineus is one of the endemic taxa from Mediterranean Region of Turkey. It has hitherto been known from type locality and was assessed under VU and EN categories despite the lack of information on the population size, number of location and habitat quality. This study aims to determine the global conservation status and conservation strategies of the narrow endemic species. We collected all available data and evaluated them with the field studies. We reported the sizes of populations, altitude, coordinates, habitat types and the threats it faces for each locality. GeoCAT analyses at global levels indicate the extent of occurrence 19.965 km2 and area of occupancy 9 km2 and there could be an inferred decline due to habitat loss and fragmentation of the original population, suggesting this species might be classified as Critically Endangered, based on criterium B1ab (i, ii, iii) + 2ab (i, ii, iii) in the Red List categorization. Conservation priorities include life history and ecology studies, in-situ conservation, population monitoring and ex-situ conservation to prevent the destruction of the existing gene pool.

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