Contribution to the knowledge of Crataego-Prunetea Tüxen 1962 class in Bulgaria

  • 1 Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 2 Gabrovo, Bulgaria

Abstract

Mantle vegetation includes plant communities dominated mostly by shrubs and occurs in habitats where the typical tree layers meet difficulties to evolve. This study was conducted in three areas of Bulgaria – Western Balkan Range, Western Sredna Gora Mt. and the Fore-Balkan. Numerical classification and ordination were performed by PC-ORD and JUICE software packages. Diagnostic species were determined by calculating the Phi-coefficient. Two associations and one plant community of the Berberidion alliance were recognized – Corno-Ligustretum Horvat ex Trinajstić ---amp--- Z. Pavletić 1991, Pruno spinosae-Ligustretum vulgaris Tüxen 1952 and Elytrigia repens-Crataegus monogyna community. The latter considered as a successional stage of shrub encroachment into the grasslands. Its species composition is very close to that of the ass. Corno-Ligustretum. The species composition of ass. Pruno-Ligustretum represents a mixture of species characteristic for dry and mesic grasslands, fringe and forest vegetation. The Crataego-Prunetea class is still poorly studied in Bulgaria and much more data from all regions in the country have to be collected.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Aguiar, C. ---amp--- Vila-Viçosa, C. 2017: Trás-os-Montes and Beira Alta. In: Loidi, J. (ed.): The Vegetation of the Iberian Peninsula, Volume 1. Springer, pp. 367–394.

  • Amigo, J., Rodríguez-Guitián, M.A., Honrado, J.J.P. ---amp--- Alves, P. 2017: The lowlands and midlands of Northwestern Atlantic Iberia. In: Loidi, J. (ed.): The Vegetation of the Iberian Peninsula, Volume 1. Springer, pp. 191–250.

  • Apostolova, I. ---amp--- Meshinev, T. 2001: Vegetation map of the high-mountain treeless zone in Vitosha Nature Park. In: Temniskova, D. (ed.): Proc. Sixth Natl. Conf. Bot., Sofia 2001, Sofia, pp. 241–252 [in Bulgarian].

  • Assyov, B. ---amp--- Petrova, A. (eds.) 2012: Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora. Distribution Maps and Floristic Elements. 4th ed. BBF, Sofia, 489 pp.

  • Balazs, M. 2008: The forest vegetation of Muncelul Mic-Muncelul Mare-Poieniţa Tomii-Feregi zone (Hunedoara County, Romania). Sargetia, Acta Mus. Dev., Ser. Sci. Nat. 21: 85–101.

  • Braun-Blanquet, J. 1965: Plant sociology: The study of plant communities. Hafner, London, 439 pp.

  • Čarni, A. 1995: Numerical Analyses of the Forest Edge Vegetation in the Predinaric Region in the SE Slovenia. Acta Botanica Croatica 54(1): 97–114.

  • Chytrý, M. ---amp--- Otýpková, Z. 2003: Plot sizes used for phytosociological sampling of European vegetation. Journal of Vegetation Science 14: 563–570.

  • Chytrý, M., Tichý, L. ---amp--- Holt, J. 2006: The Fidelity Concept. In: Tichý, L. ---amp--- Holt, J. (eds.): Juice program for management, analysis and classification of ecological data. Program manual, Vegetation Science Group, Masaryk University, Brno, pp. 45–54.

  • Chytrý, M., Tichý, L., Holt, J. ---amp--- Botta-Dukat, Z. 2002: Determination of diagnostic species with statistical fidelity measures. Journal of Vegetation Science 13: 79–90.

  • Delipavlov, D. ---amp--- Cheshmedzhiev, I. (eds.) 2003: Key to the plants of Bulgaria. Acad. Press Agrarian Univ., Plovdiv, 591 pp. [in Bulgarian].

  • Dimitrov, M., Pavlov, D., Glogov, P. ---amp--- Yordanova, D. 2004: Study on changes of vegetation in territories with continued anthropogenic influence in the Vitosha Natural Park. Nauka Gorata 3: 57–75 [in Bulgarian].

  • Ellenberg, H. 1979: Zeigerwerte von Gefasspflanzen Mitteleuropas. Scripta Geobotanica 9: 1–122.

  • Ellenberg, H. 1988: Vegetation ecology of central Europe. Cambridge University Press, 731 pp.

  • Ellenberg, H., Weber, H., Düll, R., Wirth, W., Werner, W. ---amp--- Paulissen, D. 1992: Zeigerwerte von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Ed. 2. Scripta Geobotanica 18: 1–258.

  • Fitsailo, T. V. 2017: Ecology of diagnostic species of Rhamno-Prunetea class. Ukrainian Botanical Journal 74(3): 263–275.

  • Ganeva, A. ---amp--- Düll, R. 1999: A contribution to the Bulgarian bryo-flora. Checklist of the Bulgarian bryophytes. In: Düll, R., Ganeva, A., Martinčič, A. ---amp--- Pavletić, Z. (eds.): Contributions to the bryoflora of former Yugoslavia and Bulgaria. 1 Auflage. IDH-Verlag Bad Münstereifel, pp. 111–199.

  • Hegedüšova, K. ---amp--- Valachović, M. 2015: Vegetation Pattern on the Western slope of the Devínska Kobyla Mt. in Southwest Slovakia. Phyton (Horn, Austria) 55(1): 41–68.

  • Hill, M., Roy, D., Mountford, O. ---amp--- Bunce, R. 2000: Extending Ellenberg’s indicator values to a new area: an algorithmic approach. Journal of Applied Ecology 37: 3–15.

  • Horvat, I. 1962: Vegetatia planina zapadne Hrvatske. Prir. Istraž. Jugosl. Acad. 30, Acta Biologia 2: 5–179, Zagreb [in Croatian].

  • Irina, I. 2008: Contributions to the vegetation study from the Vaslui River Basin (I). Journal of Plant Development 15: 99–104.

  • McCune, M. ---amp--- Mefford, J. 1999: PC-ORD. Multivariate analysis of ecological data. Version 4. MjM Software design, Gleneden Beach, 237 pp.

  • Meshinev, T. 2001: On some dynamic process in Bulgaria’s vegetation today. In: Temniskova D. (ed.), Proc. Sixth Natl. Conf. Bot., Sofia 2001, Sofia, pp. 235–240 [in Bulgarian].

  • Meshinev, T., Apostolova, I., Georgiev, V., Dimitrov, V., Petrova, A., Veen P. 2005: Grasslands of Bulgaria. Final report on the National Grasslands Inventory Project – Bulgaria, 2001–2004 (PINMATRA/2001/020). Dragon 2003 Publishers, Sofia, 104 pp.

  • Mucina, L., Bültmann, H., Dierßen, K., Theurillat, J.-P., Raus, T., Čarni, A., Šumberová, K., Willner, W., Dengler, J., Gavilán García, R., Chytrý, M., Hájek, M., Di Pietro, R., Iakushenko, D., Pallas, J., Daniëls, F. J. A., Bergmeier, E., Santos Guerra, A., Ermakov, N., Valachovič, M., Schaminée, J. H. J., Lysenko, T., Didukh, Ya. P., Pignatti, S., Rodwell, J. S., Capelo, J., Weber, H. E., Solomeshch, A., Dimopoulos, P., Aguiar, C., Freitag, H., Hennekens, S. M. ---amp--- Tichý, L. 2016: Vegetation of Europe: Hierarchical floristic classification system of vascular plant, bryophyte, lichen, and algal communities. Applied Vegetation Science 19(1): 3–264.

  • Natcheva, R. ---amp--- Ganeva, A. 2005: Check-list of the bryophytes of Bulgaria. II. Musci. – Cryptogami, Bryologie 26(2): 209–232.

  • Ninov, N. 2002: Taxonomy and classification system of the soils. In: Kopralev, I. (ed.): Geography of Bulgaria. Physical and socio-economic geography. ForKom Publisher, Sofia, pp. 284–298 [in Bulgarian].

  • Pedashenko, H., Vassilev, K., Bancheva, S., Delcheva, M. ---amp--- Vladimirov, V. 2015: Floristic and vegetation diversity in Kongura Reserve (South-West Bulgaria). Šumarski Pregled 46: 59–70.

  • Pignatti, E. ---amp--- Pignatti, S. 2014: Plant Life of the Dolomites: Vegetation Structure and Ecology. Springer Science ---amp--- Business Media, 771 pp.

  • Rauš, Đ., Segulja, N. ---amp--- Topić, J. 1985: Vegetation of northern Croatia. Glasnik za šumske pokuse 23: 223–355.

  • Rodwell, J., Shaminee, J., Mucina, L., Pignatti, S., Dring, J. ---amp--- Moss, D. 2002: The diversity of European vegetation. An overview of phytosociological alliances and their relationships to EUNIS habitats. Wageningen, NL. EC-LNV. Report EC-NLV nr. 2002/054.

  • Sádlo, J., Chytrý, M., Vítková, M., Petřík, P., Kolbek, J. ---amp--- Neuhäuslova, Z. 2013: Rhamno-Prunetea Rivas Goday, Borja Carbonell ex Tüxen 1962. In: Chytrý, M. (ed.): Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 4. Forest and Scrub vegetation, Academia, Praha, pp. 73–156.

  • Sanda, V., Öllerer, K. ---amp--- Burescu, P. 2008: Fitocenozele din România: sintaxonomie, structură, dinamică şi evoluţie. Ars Docendi, 570 pp. [in Romanian].

  • Sopotlieva, D., Pedashenko, H., Alexandrova, A. ---amp--- Ganeva, A. 2016: Flora, vegetation and natural habitat types in Kutelka Reserve (Eastern Stara Planina, Bulgaria). Phytologia Balcanica 22(3): 387–404.

  • Stefanov, P. 2002: Morphographic characteristics. In: Kopralev, I. (ed.): Geography of Bulgaria. Physical and socio-economic geography. ForKom publisher, Sofia, pp. 29–44. [in Bulgarian].

  • Theurillat, J.P., Aeschimann, D., Küpfer, P. ---amp--- Spichiger, R. 1995: The higher vegetation units of the Alps. Colloques Phytosociologiques 23: 189–239.

  • Tichý, L. 2002: JUICE, software for vegetation classification. Journal of Vegetation Science 13: 451–453.

  • Trinajstić, I. 2002: Phytosociological and syntaxonomic features of ass. Corno-Ligustretum Ht. ex Trinajstić et Z.Pavletić (Berberidion). Hacquetia 1(2): 223–228.

  • Trinajstić, I. 2008: Plant communities of Croatia. Akademija šumarskih znanosti, Zagreb, 179 pp. [in Croatian].

  • Trinajstić, I. ---amp--- Pavletić, Z. 1991: Vegetacija specijalnog ornitološkog rezervata Krapje Đol u Hrvatskoj. Acta Botanica Croatica 50: 41–54 [in Croatian].

  • Tzonev, R., Dimitrov, M. ---amp--- Roussakova, V. 2009: Syntaxa according to the Braun-Blanquet approach in Bulgaria. Phytologia Balcanica 15: 209–233.

  • Vassilev, K., Pedashenko, H., Alexandrova, A., Tashev, A., Ganeva, A., Gavrilova, A., Gradevska, A., Assenov, A., Vitkova, A., Grigorov, B., Gussev, Ch., Filipova, E., Aneva, I., Knollova, I., Nikolov, I., Georgiev, G., Gogushev, G., Tinchev, G., Pachedzieva, K., Koev, K., Lubenova, M., Dimitrov, M., Apostolova-Stoyanova, N., Velev, N., Zhelev, P., Glogov, P., Natcheva, R., Tzonev, R., Boch, S., Hennekens, S., Georgiev, S., Stoyanov, S., Karakiev, T., Kalníková, V., Shivarov, V., Russakova, V. ---amp--- Vulchev, V. 2016: Balkan Vegetation Database: historical background, current status and future perspectives. Phytocoenologia 46(1): 89–95.

  • Velev, S. 2002: Climatic zoning. In: Kopralev I. (ed.): Geography of Bulgaria. Physical and socio-economic geography. ForKom Publisher, Sofia, pp. 155–156 [in Bulgarian].

  • Westhoff, V. ---amp--- van der Maarel, E. 1973: The Braun-Blanquet approach. 2nd ed. In: Whittaker R. (ed.): Classification of plant communities. Junk, The Hague, pp. 287–399.

  • Yordanova, M. 2001: Vegetation dynamics on the abandoned pastures in West Rhodopes. In: Temniskova, D. (ed.): Proc. Sixth Natl. Conf. Bot., Sofia, pp. 339–344 [in Bulgarian].

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search