Richard Marx Held (1922–2016)

Open access

Taken from the Professional Biography of R. Held. In: The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography, Volume 6 (2009), edited by L. Squire, Academic Press, Elsevier.

Bauer, J. A., & Held, R. (1975). Comparison of visually-guided reaching in normal and deprived infant monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 4, 298–308.

Birch, E. E., Gwiazda, J., & Held, R. (1982). Stereoacuity development for crossed and uncrossed disparities in human infants. Vision Research, 22, 507–513.

Dichgans, J., Held, R., Young, L. R., & Brandt, T. (1972). Moving visual scenes influence the apparent direction of gravity. Science, 178, 1217–1219.

Efstathiou, A., Bauer, J. A., Greene, M., & Held, R. (1967). Altered reaching following adaptation to optical displacement of the hand. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 73, 113–120.

Finke, R., & Held, R. (1978). State reversals of optically induced tilt and torsional eye movements. Perception & Psychophysics, 23, 337–340.

Finke, R. A., Pankratov, M., & Held, R. (1984). Dissociations between perceptual and oculomotor effects induced by rotating visual displays. In B. Wooten & L. Spillmann (Eds.), Festschrift for Ivo Kohler: Sensory Experience. Adaptation and Perception (pp. 303–316). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.

Gwiazda, J., Bauer, J., Thorn, F., & Held, R. (1995). A dynamic relationship between myopia and blur-driven accommodation in school-aged children. Vision Research, 35, 1299–1304.

Gwiazda, J., Brill, S., Mohindra, I., & Held, R. (1978). Infant visual acuity and its meridional variation. Vision Research, 18, 1557–1564.

Gwiazda, J., Grice, K., Held, R., McLellan, J., & Thorn, F. (2000). Astigmatism and the development of myopia in children. Vision Research, 40, 1019–1026.

Gwiazda, J., Thorn, F., Bauer, J., & Held, R. (1993). Emmetropization and the progression of manifest refraction in children followed from infancy to puberty. Clinical Vision Sciences, 8, 337–344.

Hardt, M. E., Held, R., & Steinbach, M. J. (1971). Adaptation to displaced vision: a change in the central control of sensorimotor coordination. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 89, 229–239.

Hein, A., & Held, R. (1967). Dissociation of the visual placing response into elicited and guided components. Science, 158, 390–392.

Hein, A., Held, R., & Gower, E. C. (1970). Development and segmentation of visually controlled movement by selective exposure during rearing. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 22, 181–187.

Held, R. (1955). Shifts in binaural localization after prolonged exposures to atypical combinations of stimuli. American Journal of Psychology, 68, 526–548.

Held, R. (1960). Perception and representation. E. H. Gombrich’s Art and Illusion. Yale Review.

Held, R. (1962). Adaptation to rearrangement and visual spatial aftereffects. Psychologische Beiträge, Reprint from Volume VI(3/4), 439–450.

Held, R. (1965). Plasticity in sensory-motor systems. Scientific American, 213, 89–94.

Held, R. (1968). Dissociation of visual functions by deprivation and rearrangement. Psychologische Forschung, 31, 338–348. (As part of a symposium, Locating and Identifying: Two Modes of Visual Processing.).

Held, R. (1970). Two modes of processing spatially distributed visual stimuli. In F. O. Schmitt (Ed.), The Neurosciences: Second Study Program (pp. 317–324). New York, NY: The Rockefeller Press.

Held, R. (1980). The rediscovery of adaptability in the visual system. In C. S. Harris (Ed.), Visual Coding and Adaptability (pp. 69–94). Hillside, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Held, R., & Bauer, J. A. (1967). Visually guided reaching in infant monkeys after restricted reaching. Science, 155, 718–720.

Held, R., & Bauer, J. A. (1974). Development of sensorially-guided reaching in infant monkeys. Brain Research, 71, 265–271.

Held, R., Birch, E. E., & Gwiazda, J. (1980). Stereoacuity of human infants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the USA, 21, 5572–5574.

Held, R., & Bossom, J. (1961). Neonatal deprivation and adult rearrangement: complementary techniques for analyzing plastic sensory-motor coordination. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 21, 33–37.

Held, R., Dichgans, J., & Bauer, J. A. (1975). Characteristics of moving visual scenes influencing spatial orientation. Vision Research, 15, 357–365.

Held, R., Efstathiou, A., & Greene, M. (1966). Adaptation to displaced and delayed visual feedback from the hand. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 72, 887891.

Held, R., & Freedman, S. J. (1963). Plasticity in human sensorimotor control. Science, 142, 455–462.

Held, R., & Hein, A. (1958). Adaptation of disarranged hand-eye coordination contingent upon reafferent stimulation. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 8, 87–90.

Held, R., & Hein, A. (1963). Movement-produced stimulation in the development of visually guided behavior. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 56, 872–876.

Held, R., & Rekosh, J. (1963). Motor-sensory feedback and the geometry of visual space. Science, 141, 722–723.

Held, R., & Schlank, M. (1959). Adaptation to disarranged eye-hand coordination in the distance dimension. The American Journal of Psychology, 12, 603–605.

Held, R., & Shattuck, S. R. (1971). Color- and edge-sensitive channels in the human visual system: Tuning for orientation. Science, 174, 314–315.

Jacobson, S. G., Mohindra, I., & Held, R. (1981). Age of onset of amblyopia in infants with esotropia. Documenta Ophthalmologica, Proceedings Series, 30, 210–216.

Köhler, W., & Held, R. (1949). The cortical correlate of pattern vision. Science, 110, 412–419.

Köhler, W., O’Connell, D., & Held, R. (1952). An investigation of cortical currents. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 96, 290–330.

Leehey, S. C., Moskowitz-Cook, A., Brill, S., & Held, R. (1975). Orientational anisotropy in infant vision. Science, 190(4217), 900–902.

Merker, B., & Held, R. (1981). Eye torsion and the apparent horizon under head tilt and visual field rotation. Vision Research, 21, 543–547.

Mikaelian, H., & Held, R. (1964). Two types of adaptation to an optically-rotated visual field. American Journal of Psychology, 22, 257–263.

Mohindra, I., Held, R., Gwiazda, J., & Brill, S. (1978). Astigmatism in infants. Science, 202, 329331.

Mohindra, I., Jacobson, S. G., Thomas, J., & Held, R. (1979). Development of amblyopia in infants. Transactions of the Ophthalmological Society U.K., 99, 344–346.

Nägele, J. R., & Held, R. (1982). The postnatal development of monocular optokinetic nystagmus in infants. Vision Research, 22, 341–346.

Pöppel, E., Held, R., & Frost, D. (1973). Residual visual functions after brain wound involving the central visual pathways in man. Nature, 243, 295–296.

Shattuck, S., & Held, R. (1975). Color and edge sensitive channels converge on stereo-depth analyzers. Vision Research, 12(2), 309–311.

Shimojo, S., Birch, E. E., Gwiazda, J., & Held, R. (1984). Development of vernier acuity in infants. Vision Research, 2i, 721–728.

White, B. L., Castle, P., & Held, R. (1964). Observations on the development of visually-directed reaching. Child Development, 22, 349–364.

Wolfe, J., & Held, R. (1979). Eye torsion and visual tilt are mediated by different binocular processes. Vision Research, 12, 917–920.

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