The Mediterranean Region: between terrorism, tourism and security

Open access

Abstract

Tourism remains a very vulnerable sector and sensitive to both internal and external impacts, such as economic and social crises, natural disasters, epidemics and diseases, national and international conflicts. Among these, the most alarming threat in the 21st century remains terrorism. In this sense, this paper aims to study the effects of the increasingly frequent terrorist attacks by the extremist factions of Al-Qaeda and ISIL on the tourism industry in the Mediterranean Region. The contribution, after having discussed in general the tourism market in the Mediterranean Region, intends to highlight the impacts and repercussions of the terrorist attacks on tourism, presenting the example of Egypt and one of its best-known tourist destinations, Sharm el-Sheikh. In this sense, it is shown how, in a few years, the political instability of the country and the attacks of 2005 and 2016 have significantly reduced the influx of tourists, transforming it from one of the most visited destinations in the world in a place of increasing abandonment.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Adamo F. (2005). Problemi e politiche del turismo. Bologna: Patron Editore.

  • Costa N. (2016). Turismo e terrorismo Jidahista. Firenze: Rubettino.

  • Lemmi E. Chieffallo A. (2012). Mediterraneo Primavera araba e turismo. Milano: Franco Angeli.

  • LodeiroG. César. J. (2004) Incidencia Del Terrorismo Sobre El Turismo. Ministerio de Defensa: Centro Superior de Estudios de la Defensa Nacional.

  • Marchesoni M.A. (2019). Parigi: nel 2018 il turismo culturale ha battuto il terrorismo ora resta l’incognita dei Gilets. Il sole 24ORE - 15 January 2019.

  • Rustemoska D. (2018). Gli effetti del terrorismo sull’industria turistica. L’esempio della Turchia. Venezia: Università Ca’ Foscari.

  • Annual Report 2016 World Tourism Organization.[Online] Available: http://cf.cdn.unwto.org/sites/all/files/pdf/annual_report_2016_web_0.pdf (April 15 2019)

  • The tourist attacks of Sharm el-Sheikh La Repubblica 10/15/2012. [Online] Available: http://cultura.biografieonline.it/sharm-el-sheikh-bombe-2005/ (April 11 2019)

  • Annual Report 2017 World Tourism Organization. [Online] Available: https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/pdf/10.18111/9789284419807 (April 15 2019)

  • Report about Tourism 2012 National Observatory of Tourism Istat Bank of Italy. [Online] Available:http://www.ontit.it/opencms/export/sites/default/ont/it/documenti/files/ONT_2013-08-09_02992.pdf (April 15 2019)

  • Il Fatto Quotidiano. [Online] Available: http://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2015/11/24/attentati-parigi-le-conseguenze-economiche/2247985/ (April 10 2019)

  • Cattolica per il Turismo. [Online] Available: https://www.unicatt.it/cattolicaperilturismo/turismo-sviluppo-delle-imprese-e-dei-servizi-turistici-turismo-e-terrorismo-le-nuove-sfide-in-rete (April 16 2019)

  • Il Sole 24ore. [Online] Available: https://www.ilsole24ore.com/art/mondo/2016-05-20/colpo-grazia-turismo-egiziano-091919.shtml?uuid=ADbLA0L (April 13 2019)

  • Limes online.[Online] Available: http://www.limesonline.com/tag/primavera-araba (April 14 2019)

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 306 306 8
PDF Downloads 192 192 3