Migrants inside and outside Africa. Motivations, Paths and Routes

Open access

Abstract

The phenomenon of migration has always existed during the history of man since the beginning of time, just think of the history of the diaspora of the Jewish people until the great migrations of the nineteenth century which involved several European peoples, including Italians, Germans, Poles, and non-Europeans, such as the Japanese, heading to North or South America.

This article, using official sources provided by IOM, UNHCR and other accredited international statistical sources, aims to offer a critical reflection about the motivations, routes and paths of migrants outside and inside Africa, showing that only a small part of them reach Europe.

In fact, the first attractive centre for internal migration is Côte d’Ivoire, one of the countries, together with Nigeria, which is the driving force behind the sparsely populated economy of West Africa, rich in agricultural raw materials (starting with cocoa and coffee).

Finally, particular attention is given to the Italian case because is the geographical area most affected by the landings of migrants. In fact, hostility towards migrants in Italy at the end of last year was on the increase: one Italian in two said he considered immigrants a danger and was afraid of it.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • AA. VV. Il muro ungherese alle porte dell’Europa. Internazionale.it. Reference to a web source [Online] Available: https://www.internazionale.it/video/2018/05/23/muro-ungherese-porte-europa (May 23 2018)

  • Bredeloup S. 80% de la migration sur le continent est intra-africaine. La Tribune Afrique. Reference to a web source [Online] Available: https://afrique.latribune.fr/politique/politique-publique/2017-04-17/anti-cliche-80-de-la-migration-en-afrique-ne-se-fait-pas-vers-les-pays-du-nord-interview.html (April 17 2018)

  • Camilli A. Non è vero che c’è una invasione di migranti in Italia. Internazionale.it. Reference to a web source [Online] Available: https://www.internazionale.it/reportage/annalisa-camilli/2018/06/18/immigrazione-luoghi-comuni-italia (June 18 2018).

  • Demos & Pi (2017 and 2018). La Percezione degli Immigrati. Reference to a web source [Online] Available: http://www.demos.it/a01453.php

  • Di Pasquale E. Stuppini A. Tronchin C. Le migrazioni africane “interne”. Neodemos. Reference to a web source [Online] Available: http://www.neodemos.info/articoli/le-migrazioni-africane-interne/ (September 30 2016)

  • Directorate for Employment Labour and Social Affairs (2006) Oecd Social Employment And Migration Working Papers Paris: Publications Service OECD.

  • Ferrero F. I Sauteurs e i muri della vergogna. Nigrizia.it. Reference to a web source [Online] Available: http://www.nigrizia.it/notizia/i-sauteurs-e-i-muri-della-vergogna (February 20 2018).

  • Yacouba Barma A. Migration illégale: le Niger assure le job selon l’OIM. La Tribune Afrique. Reference to a web source [Online] Available: https://afrique.latribune.fr/afrique-de-l-ouest/niger/2017-10-17/migration-illegale-le-niger-assure-le-job-selon-l-oim-754381.html (October 17 2017)

  • Kapuściński R. (2000). Ebano.Milano: Feltrinelli.

  • OIM (2018). World Migration Report 2018. Geneve: UN Migration Agency.

  • Petrungaro A. (a.y. 2017/2018). Migrazioni interne africane: dalla fine dell’800 ad oggi. Università della Calabria. Tesi di Laurea Magistrale in Scienze per la Cooperazione e lo Sviluppo.

  • Tabler A. (2018). Sulla pelle dei siriani. Internazionale1252 16-20.

  • Varani N. De Andreis S. (2016). The Lake Chad Basin: from the water crisis to geopolitic emergency. International Journal of Social Science & Human Behavior Study310-15.

  • Viola P. (2000). Il Novecento. Torino: Einaudi.

  • Tgcom 24. [Online] Available: https://amp.tgcom24.mediaset.it/articolo/798/3147798.html (June 24 2018)

  • Ansa. [Online] Available: http://www.ansa.it (June 18 2018)

  • Project Esodi by Medu Doctors for Human Rights. [Online] Available: http://esodi.mediciperidirittiumani.org/ (June 20 2018)

  • Frontex Europe. [Online] Available: https://frontex.europa.eu/along-eu-borders/migratory-map/ (June 20 2018)

  • Human Development Reports. Human Development Index. [Online] Available: http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-index-hdi (June 20 2018)

  • Human Development Reports. Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). [Online] Available: http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/multidimensional-poverty-index-mpi (June 20 2018)

  • Ilsussidiario.net. [Online] Available: http://www.ilsussidiario.net/News/Cronaca/2017/9/5/TRAFFICO-DI-ORGANI-DEI-MIGRANTI-Profughi-uccisi-e-messi-in-vendita-a-pezzi-/781119/ (June 20 2018)

  • Il Tirreno.geolocal.it. [Online] Available: http://iltirreno.gelocal.it/italia-mondo/2017/10/05/news/migranti-le-cinque-rotte-per-l-italia-in-una-mappa-1.15947379/amp/ (June 20 2018)

  • Index Mundi. Africa. [Online] Available: https://www.indexmundi.com/ (June 20 2018)

  • Il Sole24ore. [Online] Available: http://www.infodata.ilsole24ore.com/2018/06/20/immigrazione-scopri-quanti-vivono-rifugiati-europei/ (June 20 2018)

  • Limes online. [Online] Available: http://www.limesonline.com/cartaceo/perche-la-cina-punta-ancora-sullafrica?prv=true (June 13 2018)

  • Oxfam International. [Online] Available: https://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2018-05-29/urgent-action-needed-prevent-famine-south-sudan-oxfam (June 11 2018)

  • Population Pyramid. [Online] Available: https://www.populationpyramid.net/it/nigeria/2050/ (June 10 2018)

  • Robadadonne.it. [Online] Available: https://news.robadadonne.it/traffico-organi-bambini-immigrati/ (June 10 2018)

  • UNHCR. [Online] Available: https://www.unhcr.it (June 10 2018)

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 116 116 3
PDF Downloads 101 101 4