Radiocarbon and dendrochronological dating of Sub-fossil oaks from Smarhoń riverine sediments

Adomas Vitas 1 , Jonas Mažeika 2 , Rimantas Petrošius 2 , and Rūtilė Pukienė 1
  • 1 Group of Dendroclimatology and Radiometrics, Centre of Environmental Research, Faculty of Nature Sciences, Vytautas Magnus University, Ž.E. Žilibero str. 6, LT-46324, Kaunas, Lithuania
  • 2 Radioisotope Research Laboratory, Institute of Geology and Geography, Nature Research Centre, T. Ševčenkos str. 13, LT-03223, Vilnius, Lithuania

Abstract

Sub-fossil oaks from Smarhoń in Belarus have been investigated and tree-ring chronologies were assembled. According to radiocarbon dating, the oldest oak grew from 5782–5612 cal BC and the youngest from 1575–1747 cal AD. Radiocarbon and dendrochronological dating of 97 samples, four single series, 10 mean curves (containing 2–9 series) and three chronologies (10–25 series) were constructed. The longest chronology (No. 16), covering 549 years, was absolutely dated against various oak chronologies of Polish/Baltic origin to AD 778–1326. Germination and dying-off phases were assessed from the three best replicated chronologies. A spectral analysis of the chronologies provided cycles of variable length, on average of 25 years.

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