Characteristics of ESR signals and TLCLs of quartz included in various source rocks and sediments in Japan: A clue to sediment provenance

Open access


The variation of electron spin resonance (ESR) signal intensities and thermoluminescence colour images (TLCIs) of quartz was investigated in the present study for various rocks and sediments in Japan, to discuss the possibilities of identifying the sediment provenance. The ESR signal intensity of the E1’ centre in the same grain size in granitic quartz varies from sample to sample, except for that in Quaternary samples of volcanic sediment, which is very low, close to the noise level. It was found that the diagram, ESR intensities of Al versus Ti-Li centre signal intensities, distinguish volcanic from the same grain size in granitic quartz as well as distinguish individual tephra from another. The TLCIs from volcanic quartz and some granitic quartz samples is almost red and that from the rest of granitic and metamudstone quartz is blue as results of TLCIs although the emission intensities are different. Our results suggest that examining the multiple-centre signal intensities of ESR and the TLCIs are effective to identify the source of quartz and to estimate the sediment provenance.

[1] Aitken MJ, 1985. Thermoluminesence dating. Academic Press. London, 359p.

[2] Aitken MJ, 1998. An introduction to optical dating. Oxford Science Publications, 267p.

[3] Feigl FJ, Fowler WB and Yip KL, 1974. Oxygen vacancy model for the E1’ centre in SiO2. Solid State Communications 14(3): 225–229, DOI 10.1016/0038-1098(74)90840-0.

[4] Ganzawa Y, Watanabe Y, Osanai F and Hashimoto T, 1997. TL colour images from quartzes of loess and tephra in China and Japan. Radiation Measurements 27(2): 383–388, DOI 10.1016/S1350-4487(96)00129-1.

[5] Hashimoto T, Koyanagi A, Yokosaka K, Hayashi Y and Sotobayashi T, 1986. Themoluminecence colour images from quartz of beach sands. Geochemical Journal 20(3): 111–118.

[6] Hashimoto T, Katayama H, Sakaue H, Hase H, Arimura T and Ojima T, 1997. Dependence of some radiation-induced phenomena from natural quartz on hydroxyl-impurity contents. Radiation Measurements 27(2): 243–250, DOI 10.1016/S1350-4487(96)00115-1.

[7] Ikeya M, 1993. New Applications of Electron Spin Resonance, Dating, Dosimetry, and Microscopy. World Scientific, Singapore, 500p.

[8] Duttinea M, Villeneuvea G, Bechtela F and Demazeaub G, 2002. Caractérisation par résonance paramagnétique électronique (RPE) de quartz naturels issus de différentes sources (Characterization by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) of natural quartz, problem of source differentiation). Comptes Rendus Geoscience 334(13): 949–955, DOI 10.1016/S1631-0713(02)01845-X.

[9] Murata K and M Norman, 1976. An index of crystallinity for quartz. American Journal of Science 276(9): 1120–1130, DOI 10.2475/ajs.276.9.1120.

[10] Nagashima K, Tada R, Tani A, Toyoda S, Sun Y, and Isozaki Y, 2007. Contribution of aeolian dust in Japan Sea sediments estimated from ESR signal intensity and crystallinity of quartz. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 8(2), DOI 10.1029/2006GC001364.

[11] Naruse T, Ono Y, Hirakawa K, Okashita M, and Ikeya M, 1997. Source areas of eolian dust quartz in East Asia: a tentative reconstruction of prevailing winds in isotope stage 2 using electron spin resonance. Geographical review of Japan 70A-1: 15–27.

[12] Ohta M, Asami S and Sakaguchi M, 1992. Luminescence and ESR Characteristics of Glaserite Crystals Doped with Europium Ion. Denki Kagaku oyobi Kogyo Butsuri Kagaku 60(7): 643–648.

[13] Sawakuchi AO, Blair MW, DeWitt R, Faleiros FM, Hyppolito T and Guedes CCF, 2011. Thermal history versus sedimentary history: OSL sensitivity of quartz grains extracted from rocks and sediments. Quaternary Geochronology 6(2): 261–272, DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2010.11.002.

[14] Toyoda S and Hattori M, 2000. Formation and decay of the E1’ centre and of its precursor. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 52(5): 1351–1356, DOI 10.1016/S0969-8043(00)00094-4.

[15] Toyoda S and Naruse T, 2002. Eolian Dust from Asia Deserts to Japanese Island since the last Glacial Maximum: the Basis for the ESR Method. Japan Geomorphological union 23–5: 811–820.

[16] Toyoda S and Falguères C, 2003. The method to represent the ESR intensity of the aluminium hole centre in quartz for the purpose of dating. Advances in ESR applications 20: 7–10.

[17] Toyoda S, Voinchet P, Falguères C, Dolo JM and Laurent M, 2000. Bleaching of ESR signals by the sunlight: a laboratory experiment for establishing the ESR dating of sediments. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 52(5): 1357–1362, DOI 10.1016/S0969-8043(00)00095-6.

[18] Shimada A and Takada M, 2008. Characteristics of Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) signals in quartz from igneous rock samples: a clue to sediment provenance. Annual Reports of Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences 23: 187–195.

[19] Yawata T, Takeuchi T and Hashimoto T, 2006. Dependence of luminescence sensitivity of quartz on α-β phase inversion berak temperatures. Radiation Measurements 41(7–8): 841–846, DOI 10.1016/j.radmeas.2006.05.008.

[20] Yokoyama Y, Falguères C and Quaegebeur JP, 1985. ESR dating of quartz from quaternary sediments: first attempt. Nuclear Tracks and Radiation Measurements 10(4–6): 921–928, DOI 10.1016/0735-245X (85)90109-7.

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.119
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.408

CiteScore 2017: 1.33

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.457
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.656

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 62 62 15
PDF Downloads 13 13 3