The effect of fluvial environments on sediment bleaching and Holocene luminescence ages — A case study from the German Alpine Foreland

Open access

Abstract

This study investigates the potential of luminescence to date deposits from different fluvial sedimentary environments; namely point bar deposits, sandy and silty channel fills and floodplain sediments. Samples were taken from Holocene (<5 ka) terraces of the Lech and Danube rivers, for which independent age constraint is available through 14C ages, archaeological data and historical maps. OSL-ages were obtained using small aliquots of coarse grain quartz for the majority of samples. Two further samples were dated by the IRSL-signals of polymineral fine grain extracts, as no sufficient number of coarse grains could be extracted from these sediments. In order to detect and ac-count for incomplete bleaching, we used the decision process suggested by Bailey and Arnold [Statistical modelling of single grain quartz De distributions and an assessment of procedures for estimating burial dose. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 2475–2502, 2006]. Although their model was designed for single grains of quartz, our study shows that it is also applicable to multiple grains of quartz, pro-vided that a low number of luminescent grains is present on one aliquot. Luminescence ages of point bar deposits and a sandy channel fill correspond most closely to the independent age control. In the floodplain, sand-striped floodplain channel deposits were incompletely bleached to a moderate degree, yielding ages with acceptable overestimations, while fine-grained floodplain deposits were worst bleached. One crevasse splay deposit was so severely incompletely bleached that none of the age models was able to yield accurate ages.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Adamiec G and Aitken M 1998. Dose-rate conversion factors: update. Ancient TL 16: 37–50.

  • [2] Arnold LJ and Roberts RG 2009. Stochastic modelling of multi-grain equivalent dose (De) distributions: Implications for OSL dating of sediment mixtures. Quaternary Geochronology 4(3): 204–230 DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2008.12.001. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2008.12.001

  • [3] Bailey RM and Arnold LJ 2006. Statistical modelling of single grain quartz De distributions and an assessment of procedures for estimating burial dose. Quaternary Science Reviews 25(19–20): 2475–2502 DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2005.09.012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2005.09.012

  • [4] Blair MW Yukihara EG and McKeever SWS 2005. Experiences with single aliquot OSL procedures using coarse-grain feldspars. Radiation Measurements 39(4): 361–374 DOI 10.1016/j.radmeas.2004.05.008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radmeas.2004.05.008

  • [5] Bronk Ramsey C 1995. Radiocarbon calibration and analysis of stratigraphy: The OxCal program. Radiocarbon 37(2): 425–430.

  • [6] Cunningham AC and Wallinga J 2012. Realizing the potential of fluvial archives using robust OSL chronologies. Quaternary Geochronology 12: 98–106 DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2012.05.007. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2012.05.007

  • [7] Czysz W 1990. Ausgrabungen in einem römischen Gutshof bei Oberndorf a. Lech (Excavations in a Roman estate near Oberndorf a. Lech). Das archäologische Jahr in Bayern 1989 133–140 (in Ger-man).

  • [8] Duller GAT 1994. Luminescence dating of poorly bleached sediments from Scotland. Quaternary Science Reviews 13(5–7): 521–524 DOI 10.1016/0277-3791(94)90070-1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0277-3791(94)90070-1

  • [9] Fiebig M Preusser F Steffen D Thamo-Bozso E Grabner M Lair GJ and Gerzabek MH 2009. Luminescence Dating of Historical Fluvial Deposits from the Danube and Ebro. Geoarchaeology 24(2) 224–241 DOI 10.1002/gea.20264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gea.20264

  • [10] Fuchs M and Owen LA 2008. Luminescence dating of glacial and associated sediments: review recommendations and future directions. Boreas 37(4): 636–659 DOI 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2008.00052.x. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1502-3885.2008.00052.x

  • [11] Galbraith RF and Green PF 1990. Estimating the component ages in a finite mixture. International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part D. Nuclear Tracks and Radiation Measurements 17(3): 197–206 DOI 10.1016/1359-0189(90)90035-V. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/1359-0189(90)90035-V

  • [12] Galbraith RF Roberts RG Laslett GM Yoshida H and Olley JM 1999. Optical dating of single and multiple grains of quartz from Jinmium rock shelter northern Australia: Part I experimental design and statistical models. Archaeometry 41(2): 339–364 DOI 10.1111/j.1475-4754.1999.tb00987.x. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.1999.tb00987.x

  • [13] Godfrey-Smith DI Huntley DJ and Chen WH 1988. Optical Dating studies of quartz and feldspar sediment extracts. Quaternary Science Reviews 7(3–4): 373–380 DOI 10.1016/0277-3791(88)90032-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0277-3791(88)90032-7

  • [14] Jain M Murray AS and Botter-Jensen L 2004. Optically stimulated luminescence dating: How significant is incomplete light exposure in fluvial environments? Quaternaire 15: 143–157. http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/quate.2004.1762

  • [15] Klasen N Fiebig M Preusser F and Radtke U 2006. Luminescence properties of glaciofluvial sediments from the Bavarian Alpine Foreland. Radiation Measurements 41(7–8): 866–870 DOI 10.1016/j.radmeas.2006.04.014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radmeas.2006.04.014

  • [16] Lepper K Agersnap-Larsen N and McKeever SWS 2000. Equivalent dose distribution analysis of Holocene eolian and fluvial quartz sands from central Oklahoma. Radiation Measurements 32(5–6): 603–608 DOI 10.1016/S1350-4487(00)00093-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1350-4487(00)00093-7

  • [17] Lomax J Hilgers A Twidale CR Bourne JA and Radtke U 2007. Treatment of broad equivalent dose distributions in OSL dating of dune sands from the western Murray Basin South Australia. Qua-ternary Geochronology 2(1–4): 51–56 DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2006.05.015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2006.05.015

  • [18] Lomax J Hilgers A Radtke U 2011. Palaeoenvironmental change recorded in the palaeodunefields of the western Murray Basin South Australia — new data from single grain OSL-dating. Quater-nary Science Reviews 30(5–6): 723–736 DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.12.015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.12.015

  • [19] Lukas S Spencer JQC Robinson RAJ and Benn DI 2007. Problems associated with luminescence dating of Late Quaternary glacial sediments in the NW Scottish Highlands. Quaternary Geochro-nology 2(1–4): 243–248 DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2006.04.007. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2006.04.007

  • [20] Mangerud J Andersen ST Berglund BE and Donner JJ 1974. Quaternary stratigraphy of Norden a proposal for terminology and classification. Boreas 3(3): 109–128 DOI 10.1111/j.1502-3885.1974.tb00669.x. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1502-3885.1974.tb00669.x

  • [21] Murray AS and Wintle AG 2003. The single aliquot regenerative dose protocol: potential for improvements in reliability. Radiation Measurements 37(4–5): 377–381 DOI 10.1016/S1350-4487(03)00053-2. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1350-4487(03)00053-2

  • [22] Olley J Caitcheon G and Murray AS 1998. The distribution of apparent dose as determined by optically stimulated luminescence in small aliquots of fluvial quartz: implications for dating young sediments. Quaternary Science Reviews 17(11): 1033–1040 DOI 10.1016/S0277-3791(97)00090-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-3791(97)00090-5

  • [23] Pietsch TJ 2009. Optically stimulated luminescence dating of young (<500 years old) sediments: Testing estimates of burial dose. Quaternary Geochronology 4(5): 406–422 DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2009.05.013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2009.05.013

  • [24] Pietsch TJ Olley JM and Nanson GC 2008. Fluvial transport as a natural luminescence sensitiser of quartz. Quaternary Geochro-nology 3(4): 365–376 DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2007.12.005. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2007.12.005

  • [25] Porat N Zilberman E Amit R and Enzel Y 2001. Residual ages of modern sediments in an hyperarid region Israel. Quaternary Science Reviews 20(5–9): 795–798 DOI 10.1016/S0277-3791(00)00021-4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-3791(00)00021-4

  • [26] Prescott JR and Hutton JT 1994. Cosmic ray contributions to dose rates for luminescence and ESR dating: large depth and long-term time variations. Radiation Measurements 23(2–3): 497–500 DOI 10.1016/1350-4487(94)90086-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/1350-4487(94)90086-8

  • [27] Preusser F Ramseyer K and Schlüchter C 2006. Characterisation of low OSL intensity quartz from the New Zealand Alps. Radiation Measurements 41(7–8): 871–877 DOI 10.1016/j.radmeas.2006.04.019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radmeas.2006.04.019

  • [28] Reimer PJ Baillie MGL Bard E Bayliss A Beck JW Bertrand C Blackwell PG Buck CE Burr G Cutler KB Damon PE Edwards RL Fairbanks RG Friedrich M Guilderson TP Hughen KA Kromer B McCormac FG Manning S Bronk Ramsey C Reimer RW Remmele S Southon JR Stuiver M Talamo S Taylor FW van der Plicht J and Weyhenmeyer CE 2004. IntCal04 Terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration 0–26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon 46: 1029–1058.

  • [29] Reineck H-E and Singh IB 1980. Depositional sedimentary environments. Springer Berlin. 549 pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-81498-3

  • [30] Rhodes EJ and Pownall L 1994. Zeroing of the OSL signal in quartz from young glaciofluvial sediments. Radiation Measurements 23(2–3): 581–585 DOI 10.1016/1350-4487(94)90103-1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/1350-4487(94)90103-1

  • [31] Rittenour TM 2008. Luminescence dating of fluvial deposits: applications to geomorphic palaeoseismic and archaeological research. Boreas 37(4): 613–635 DOI 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2008.00056.x. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1502-3885.2008.00056.x

  • [32] Roberts RG Galbraith RF Yoshida H Laslett GM and Olley JM 2000. Distinguishing dose populations in sediment mixtures: a test of single-grain optical dating procedures using mixtures of laboratory-dosed quartz. Radiation Measurements 32(5–6): 459–465 DOI 10.1016/S1350-4487(00)00104-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1350-4487(00)00104-9

  • [33] Rodnight H Duller GAT Wintle AG and Tooth S 2006. Assessing the reproducibility and accuracy of optical dating of fluvial deposits. Quaternary Geochronology 1(2): 109–120 DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2006.05.017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2006.05.017

  • [34] Rodnight H 2008. How many equivalent dose values are needed to obtain a reproducible distribution? Ancient TL 28(1): 3–9.

  • [35] Schielein P 2010. Neuzeitliche Flusslaufverlagerungen des Lechs und der Donau im Lechmündungsgebiet — qualitative und quantitative Analysen historischer Karten (Modern river relocation of the Lech and Danube rivers at their confluence — qualitative and quantitative analysis of historical maps). Bamberger Geographische Schriften 24 215–241 (in German).

  • [36] Schielein P Schellmann G and Lomax J 2011. Stratigraphy of Late Quaternary fluvial terraces at the confluence of the Lech and Danube valleys. Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart — Quaternary Science Journal 60(4): 414–424.

  • [37] Schielein P 2012. Jungquartäre Flussgeschichte des Lechs unterhalb von Augsburg und der angrenzenden Donau (Late Quaternary fluvial history of the Lech river downstream of Augsburg and of the adjacent Danube). Bamberger Geographische Schriften — Sonderfolge 9 150 p (in German).

  • [38] Schirmer W 1995. Valley bottoms in the Late Quaternary. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie Supplement 100: 27–51.

  • [39] Schreiber U 1985. Das Lechtal zwischen Schongau und Rain im Hoch- Spät- und Postglazial (The Lech valley between Schongau und Rain in the Pleni- Late- and Postglacial). Geologisches Institut der Universität zu Köln Sonderveröffentlichungen 58 (in German).

  • [40] Steffen D Preusser F and Schlunegger F 2009. OSL quartz age under-estimation due to unstable signal components. Quaternary Geochronology 4(5): 353–362 DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2009.05.015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2009.05.015

  • [41] Thrasher IM Mauz B Chiverrell RC and Lang A 2009a. Luminescence dating of glaciofluvial deposits. A review. Earth-Science Reviews 97(1–4): 133–146 DOI 10.1016/j.earscirev.2009.09.001. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2009.09.001

  • [42] Thrasher IM Mauz B Chiverrell RC Lang A and Thomas GSP 2009b. Testing an approach to OSL dating of Late Devensian glaciofluvial sediments of the British Isles. Journal of Quaternary Science 24(7): 785–801 DOI 10.1002/jqs.1253. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.1253

  • [43] Wallinga J Murray AS and Wintle AG 2000. The single-aliquot regenerative-dose (SAR) protocol applied to coarse-grain feldspar. Radiation Measurements 32(5–6): 529–533 DOI 10.1016/S1350-4487(00)00091-3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1350-4487(00)00091-3

  • [44] Wallinga J Murray AS Duller GAT and Törnqvist TE 2001. Testing optically stimulated luminescence dating of sand-sized quartz and feldspar from fluvial deposits. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 193(3–4): 617–630 DOI 10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00526-X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00526-X

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.865
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.623

CiteScore 2018: 1.12

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.584
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.514

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 211 94 5
PDF Downloads 83 42 2