Geovisualisation as a process of creating complementary visualisations: static two-dimensional, surface three-dimensional, and interactive

Open access


In the following paper, geovisualisation will be applied to one spatial phenomenon and understood as a process of creating complementary visualisations: static two-dimensional, surface three-dimensional, and interactive. The central challenge that the researchers faced was to find a method of presenting the phenomenon in a multi-faceted way. The main objective of the four-stage study was to show the capacity of the contemporary software for presenting geographical space from various perspectives while maintaining the standards of cartographic presentation and making sure that the form remains attractive for the user. The correctness, effectiveness, and usefulness of the proposed approach was analysed on the basis of a geovisualisation of natural aggregate extraction in the Gniezno district in the years 2005–2015. For each of the three visualisations, the researchers planned a different range of information, different forms of graphic and cartographic presentation, different use and function, but as far as possible the same accessible databases and the same free technologies. On the basis of the final publication, the researchers pointed out the advantages of the proposed workflow and the correctness of the detailed flowchart.

Bielecka, E. and Medyńska-Gulij, B. (2015). Zur Geodateninfrastruktur in Polen. Geodata Infrastructure in Poland, Kartographische Nachrichten. Volume 65/4:201–208.

Bielecka, E. Leszczynska, M. and Hall, P. (2014). User perspective on geospatial data quality. Case study of the Polish Topographic Database. The 9th International Conference “ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING” 22–23 May 2014, Vilnius, Lithuania, selected papers, eISSN 2029-7092 / eISBN 978-609-457-640-9. Available online at, DOI:

Calka, B. and Cahan, B. (2016). Interactive map of refugee movement in Europe, Geodesy and Cartography. Volume 65/2:139–148, DOI:

Cybulski, P. (2016). Design rules and practices for animated maps online, Journal of Spatial Science. Volume 61/2:461–471. DOI:

Duckett, J. (2014). JavaScript i JQuery interactive front-end web development, Helion.

Gahegan, M. (2005). Beyond tools: visual support for the entire process of GIScience, Exploring Geovisualization, Elsevier Science, 83–99, Amsterdam.

Halik, Ł. (2014). Zmienne graficzne sygnatur punktowych w mobilnym systemie rozszerzonej rzeczywistości. UAM, Poznań.

Halik, Ł. Lorek, D. and Medyńska-Gulij, B. (2015). Kartowanie terenowe w technologii GPS-GIS, Badania Fizjograficzne Seria A – Geografia Fizyczna. Volume V /A66:67–74. DOI: 10.14746/bfg.2015.6.7.

Halik, Ł. and Medyńska-Gulij, B. (2016). The differentiation of point symbols using selected visual variables in the mobile augmented reality system, The Cartographic Journal. DOI: 10.1080/00087041.2016.1253144.

Horbiński, T. (2016). Dokumentacja kartograficzna zmian wydobycia kruszywa naturalnego w powiecie gnieźnieńskim w latach 2005–2015, Badania Fizjograficzne Seria A – Geografia Fizyczna. DOI: 10.14746/bfg.2016.7.4.

Lorek, D. (2016). Multimedia integration of cartographic source materials for researching and presenting phenomena from economic history, Geodesy and Cartography. Volume 65/2:271–281. DOI: 10.1515/geocart-2016-0015.

MacEachren, A.M. (1994). Visualization in modern cartography: Setting the agenda [w:] Vizualization in Modern Cartography, MacEachren A.M., Taylor D.R. (red.), Oxford.

Macioch, A. and Malmon, G. (2010). Funkcje interaktywne współczesnych map elektronicznych. Polski Przegląd Kartograficzny. Volume 44/4:331-353.

Maiellaro, N. and Varasano, A. (2017). One-Page Multimedia Interactive Map, International Journal of Geo-Information. DOI: 10.3390/ijgi6020034.

Medyńska-Gulij, B. Dickmann, F. Halik, Ł. and Wielebski, Ł. (2015). Mehrperspektivische Visualisierung von Informationen zum räumlichen Freizeitverhalten. Ein Smartphone-gestützter Ansatz zur Kartographie von Tourismusrouten. Multiperspective visualisation of spatial spare time activities. A smartphone-based approach to mapping tourist routes, Kartographische Nachrichten. Volume 67/6:323–329.

Medyńska-Gulij, B. and Cybulski, P. (2016). Spatio-temporal dependencies between hospital beds, physicians and health expenditure using visual variables and data classification in statistical table, Geodesy and Cartography. Volume 65:67–80. DOI: 10.1515/geocart-2016-0002.

Medyńska-Gulij, B. (2015). Kartografia. Zasady i zastosowania geowizualizacji, PWN Warszawa.

Prechtel, N. (2015). On strategies and automation in upgrading 2D to 3D landscape representations, Cartography and Geographic Information Science. 45:244–258. DOI:

Smaczyński, M. (2015). Wizualizacja dynamiki zmian liczby uczestników imprezy masowej z wykorzystaniem dronów, Badania Fizjograficzne Seria A – Geografia Fizyczna. Volume VI/A66:157–172. DOI: 10.14746/bfg.2015.6.12.

Slocum, T.A. McMaster, R.B. Kessler, F.C. and Howard, H.H. (2009). Thematic Cartography and Geovisualization, 3rd ed., Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.

Wielebski, Ł. (2014). Mapping techniques of spatio-temporal relationships for a centric road network model, Kartographische Nachrichten. Volume 64/5:269–276.

Żyszkowska, W. (2000). Semiotyczne aspekty wizualizacji kartograficznej, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego.

Geodesy and Cartography

The Journal of Committee on Geodesy of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 145 145 15
PDF Downloads 74 74 9