The Prevalence and Assemblages of Giardia Duodenalis in Dogs: A Systematic Review in Europe

K. Mravcová 1 , G. Štrkolcová 1 , and M. Goldová 1
  • 1 Department of Epizotoology and Parasitology, Institute of Parasitology, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Košice, 041 81, Košice, Slovakia

Abstract

Giardiasis is one of the most frequent causes of diarrhoeic diseases in the world. Giardia cysts are most commonly transferred via ingestion of contaminated water or food. On the basis of genetic characteristics Giardia duodenalis is classified in eight assemblages A—H. Zoonotic assemblages A and B are increasingly found in isolates from dogs which may constitute the reservoir of human giardiasis. This article presents a brief review of G. duodenalis assemblages detected in dogs that were documented in European countries.

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