Detection of Residues of Antimicrobial Compounds in Eggs by the Rapid Screening Methods

Open access

Abstract

Eggs belong to the most frequently consumed products of animal origin worldwide, and therefore the safety of eggs is a substantiated issue. Conventional poultry rearing involves the use of antimicrobials added to their feed or potable water particularly for disease treatment, however, in some countries also for the prevention of diseases, promotion of growth and better utilisation of the feed. Thus, effective control of residues of such substances in eggs is very important for the protection of the public health. The aim of this study was to detect the potential presence of antimicrobial residues in fresh hen eggs using commercially available rapid screening methods (Premi®Test and EXP Ampulle test) and compare the results of both of these tests. We examined 22 samples randomly selected from among 66 samples purchased in 11 European countries. We respected the procedures as supplied by the manufacturers of the tests together with their respective test kits. The examination of eggs by the Premi®Test did not detect the presence of antimicrobial residues in the samples, while the EXP Ampulle test provided 8 positive and 6 dubious results. Our results allowed us to conclude that the EXP Ampulle appears to be more sensitive and allows one to carry out more effective control of the presence of antimicrobial residues in hen eggs intended for human consumption.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Aerts M. M. L. Hogenboom A. C. Brinkman U. T. 1995: Analytical strategies for the screening of veterinary drugs and their residues in edible products. J. Chromatogr. B. Biomed. Sci. Appl. 667 1—40.

  • 2. Beyene T. 2016: Veterinary drug residues in food-animal products: its risk factors and potential effects on public health. J. Vet. Sci. Technol. 285 1—7.

  • 3. EFSA 2016: Report for 2014 on the results from the monitoring of veterinary medicinal product residues and other substances in live animals and animal products. https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.2903/sp.efsa.2016.EN-923.

  • 4. EFSA 2017: Report for 2015 on the results from the monitoring of veterinary medicinal product residues and other substances in live animals and animal products. https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.2903/sp.efsa.2017.EN-1150.

  • 5. EFSA 2018: Report for 2016 on the results from the monitoring of veterinary medicinal product residues and other substances in live animals and animal products. https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.2903/sp.efsa.2018.EN-1358.

  • 6. Hester P. Y. 2017: Egg Innovations and Strategies for Improvements 1st edn. Academic Press London UK 646 pp.

  • 7. Jurajda V. 2002: Diseases of Poultry and Birds. Viral Infections (In Czech). Veterinary and Pharmaceutical University in Brno Brno Czech Republic 19—46.

  • 8. Méheust D. Chevance A. Moulin G. 2015: Suivi des ventes de médicaments vétérinaires contenant des antibiotiques en France en 2015 — Rapport annuel. Fougères: Anses 2016 1—106. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01398388.

  • 9. Regulation (EC) No. 1831/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 on additives for use in animal nutrition. Official Journal of the European Union L268 29—43.

  • 10. Commission Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010 of 22 December 2009 on pharmacologically active substances and their classification regarding maximum residue limits in foodstuffs of animal origin. Official Journal of the European Union L15 1—72.

  • 11. R-26: Determination of residues of inhibitory substances in meat by the PREMI® TEST method. Official method of laboratory diagnostics. http://www.svssr.sk/dokumenty/zakladne_info/R_26.pdf

  • 12. European Commission 2009: Commission Staff working document on the implementation of national residue monitoring plans in the Member States in 2009. https://ec.europa.eu/food/sites/food/files/safety/docs/cs_vet-med-residues_work-doc_2009_en.pdf.

  • 13. Commission Decision No. 97/747/EC of 27 October 1997 fixing the levels and frequencies of sampling provided for by Council Directive 96/23/EC for the monitoring of certain substances and residues thereof in certain animal products. Official Journal of the European Union L303 76—79.

  • 14. Council Directive No. 96/23/EC of 29 April 1996 on measures to monitor certain substances and residues thereof in live animals and animal products and repealing Directives 85/358/EEC and 86/469/EEC and Decisions 89/187/EEC and 91/664/EEC. Official Journal of the European Union L125 71—93.

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 127 86 0
PDF Downloads 98 66 2