Susceptibility of Polish provenances and families of pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) to colonisation by Phytophthora cambivora

Robert Jankowiak 1 , Jacek Banach 2  and Angelika Balonek 1
  • 1 University of Agriculture of Cracow, Faculty of Forestry, Al. 29 Listopada 46, 31-425 Kraków, Poland, Department of Forest Pathology
  • 2 University of Agriculture of Cracow, Faculty of Forestry, Al. 29 Listopada 46, 31-425 Kraków, Poland, Department of Genetics and Forest Tree Breeding


Phytophthora cambivora (Straminipila, Oomycota) causes root rot and stem canker on several deciduous tree species in Europe. However, very little is known about the variation in susceptibility to P. cambivora colonisation among provenances and families of pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.). We studied variation in susceptibility of one French and 16 Polish provenances, representing 62 families. Samples were taken from three test plots located in the Brzesko Forest District. Oak susceptibility to P. cambivora was assessed by measuring lesion length following inoculation of excised shoots with two isolates of P. cambivora. There was significant variability in susceptibility among the 17 provenances tested. The highest susceptibility to P. cambivora was apparent in several provenances including Tronçais, Zaporowo, Runowo, Opole and Krotoszyn; while the most resistant provenances originated from Chojnów, Siedlce, Płock, Krotoszyn-90 and Wioska. There was also significant within-provenances variation in susceptibility to P. cambivora.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Balci Y., Balci S., MacDonald W.L., Gottschalk K.W. 2008. Relative susceptibility of oaks to seven species of Phytophthora isolated from oak forest soils. Forest Pathology, 38: 394-409.

  • Baliuckas V., Pliura A. 2003. Genetic variation and phenotypic plasticity of Quercus robur populations and openpollinated families in Lithuania. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 18: 305-309.

  • Banach J. 2002. Zmienność wewnątrzgatunkowa dębu szypułkowego testowanego na powierzchni doświadczalnej w Leśnictwie Chrostowa. Zeszyty Naukowe AR w Krakowie, ser. Sesja Naukowa, 86: 131-147.

  • Banach J. 2010. Adaptation of selected provenances of pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) under conditions of the Carpathian submontane zone in Southern Poland. Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, ser. Forestry and Wood Technology, 73: 83-96.

  • Banach J. 2011. Przeżywalność i wysokość dębu szypułkowego (Quercus robur L.) testowanego na powierzchni doświadczalnej “Chrostowa I” w Nadleśnictwie Brzesko. Leśne Prace Badawcze, 72 (1): 5-15.

  • Banach J., Lenowiecki K. 2011. The occurrence of insect pests on pedunculate oak tested on the Chrostowa II experimental plot. Journal of Forest Science, 57 (9): 384-393.

  • Barzdajn W. 2008. Porównanie odziedziczalności proweniencyjnej, rodowej i indywidualnej cech wzrostowych dębu szypułkowego (Quercus robur L.) w doświadczeniu rodowo-proweniencyjnym w Nadleśnictwie Milicz. Sylwan, 152 (5): 52-59.

  • Barzdajn W. 2009. Wzrost dębu szypułkowego (Quercus robur L.) i dębu bezszypułkowego (Q. petraea [Matt.] Liebl.) w doświadczeniu proweniencyjnym z 1994 r. w Nadleśnictwie Milicz. Leśne Prace Badawcze, 70 (3): 241-252.

  • Bodgan S., Katičić-Trupčević I., Kajba D. 2004. Genetic variation in growth traits in a Quercus robur L. open-pollinated progeny test of the Slavonian provenance. Silvae Genetica, 53: 5-6.

  • Brasier C.M. 2000. The role of Phytophthora pathogens in forests and semi-natural communities in Europe and Africa, in: E.M Hansen & W. Sutton, eds, Phytophthora diseases of forest trees. Proceedings of the First International Meeting of IUFRO Working Party 7.02.09, Grants Pass, Oregon, 1999, Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University Press, USA, 6-13.

  • Brasier C.M., Kirk S.A. 2001. Comparative aggressiveness of standard and variant hybrid alder phytophthoras, Phytophthora cambivora and other Phytophthora species on bark of Alnus, Quercus and other woody hosts. Plant Pathology, 50: 218-229.

  • Camy C., Delatour C., Marçais B. 2003. Relationships between soil factors, Quercus robur health, Collybia fusipes root infection and Phytophthora presence. Annals of Forest Sciences, 60: 419-426.

  • Carnegie A. J., Johnson G., Henson M. 2004. Variation among provenances and families of blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis) in early growth and susceptibility to damage from leaf spot fungi. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 34: 2314-2326.

  • Cordier T., Belbahri L., Calmin G., Oszako T., Nowakowska J., Lefort F. 2009. Emerging Phytophthora and Pythium species in Polish declining forests, w: Established and Emerging Phytophthora: Increasing Threats to Woodland and Forest Ecosystems in Europe. First working groups meeting April 16-19, 2009, Nový Smokovec, Slovakia. Poster.

  • Crawley M.J., Akhteruzzman M. 1988. Individual variation in the phenology of oak trees and its consequences for herbivorous insects. Functional Ecology, 2: 409-415.

  • Eldridge R.H., Dowden H. 1980. Susceptibility of five provenances of Ponderosa pine to Dothistroma neddle blight. Plant Disease, 64: 400-401.

  • Hansson P. 1998. Susceptibility of different provenances of Pinus sylvestris, Pinus contorta and Picea abies to Gremmeniella abietina. European Journal of Forest Pathology, 28: 21-32.

  • Hodge G.R., Dvorak W. S. 2007. Variation in pitch cancer resistance among provenances of Pinus patula and Pinus tecunumaii from Mexico and Central America. New Forests, 33: 193-206.

  • Jensen J.S. 2000. Provenance variation in phenotypic traits in Quercus robur and Quercus petraea in Danish provenance trials. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 15: 297-308.

  • Jönsson U., Lundberg L., Sonesson K., Jung T. 2003. First records of soilborne Phytophthora species in Swedish oak forests. Forest Pathology, 33: 175-179.

  • Jung T., Blaschke H., Obwald W. 2000. Involvement of soilborne Phythophthora species in Central European oak decline and the effect of site factors on the disease. Plant Pathology, 49: 706-718.

  • Jung T., Hudler G.W., Jensen-Tracy S.L., Griffiths H.M., Fleischmann F., Oßwald W. 2005. Involvement of Phytophthora species in the decline of European beech in Europe and the USA. Mycologist, 19: 159-166.

  • Kleinschmit J. 1993. Intraspecific variation of growth and adaptive traits in European oak species. Annales des Sciences Forestières, 50, Suppl. 1: 166-185.

  • Kulej M. 2006. Resistance of larches of Polish provenances to larch canker Lachnellula willkommii (Hartig.) Dennis under mountain conditions of the Sacz Beskid. Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities, 9 (2) Available Online:

  • Kuzmina N.A., Kuzmin S.S. 2008. Intraspecific response of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) to pathogens in a provenance trial in Middle Siberia. Eurasian Journal of Forest Research, 11 (2): 51-59.

  • Leibundgut H. 1969. Untersuchungen über die Anfälligkeit verschiedener Eichenherkünfte für die Erkrankung an Mehltau. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen, 120 (9): 486-493.

  • Miranda-Fontania M.E., Fernadez-Lopez J., Vettraino A.M., Vannini A. 2005. Resistance of Castanea clones to Phythophthora cinnamomi: testing and genetic control. Silvae Genetica, 56: 11-21.

  • Olejarski I., Kubiak K., Nowakowska J., Jung T., Oszako T. 2012. The occurrence of Phytophthora species in European Ecological Network NATURA 2000 in Poland. The Sixth Meeting of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations IUFRO Working Party 7-02-09 Phytophthora in Forests and Natural Ecosystems Córdoba (Spain), 9th - 14th September 2012. Meeting Abstracts: 103.

  • Oszako T. 2007. Przyczyny masowego zamierania drzewostanów dębowych. Sylwan, 6: 62-72.

  • Oszako T., Hilszczański J., Orlikowski., Nowakowska J. 2009. Zamieranie drzewostanów liściastych. Notatnik Naukowy IBL, 5: 1-5.

  • Przybył K. 1995. Zamieranie dębów w Polsce. I. Objawy chorobowe i grzyby występujące na nadziemnych organach zamierających dębów Quercus robur L. oraz cechy morfologiczne grzybów Ophiostoma querci i O. piceae. Idee Ekologiczne, 8 (4): 1-85.

  • Robin C., Desprez- Loustau M.L. 1998. Testing variability in pathogenicity of Phytophthora cinnamomi. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 104: 465-475.

  • Robin C., Morel O., Vattraino A-M., Perlerou Ch., Diamandis S., Vannini A. 2006. Genetic variation in susceptibility to Phytophthora cambivora in European chestnut (Castanea sativa). Forest Ecology and Management, 226: 199-207.

  • Roll-Hansen F. 1971. Scleroderris lagerbergii: Resistance and differences in attack between pine species and provenances. European Journal of Forest Pathology, 2: 26-39.

  • Saavedra A., Hansen E.M., Goheen D.J. 2007. Phytophthora cambivora in Oregon and its pathogenicity to Chrysolepis chrysophylla. Forest Pathology, 37: 409-419.

  • Santini A., Fagnani A., Ferrini F., Ghelardini L., Mittempergher L. 2005. Variation among Italian and French elm clones in their response to Ophiostoma novo-ulmi inoculation. Forest Pathology, 35: 183-193.

  • Skrzypczyńska M. 2001. Studies on insects causing galls on the leaves of pedunculate oak Quercus robur in southern Poland. Anziger für Schädlingskunde, 70: 40-42.

  • Smith H., Coutino T.A., Wolfaardt F.W., Wingfield M.J. 2002. Relative susceptibility of northern and southern provenances of Pinus greeggii to infection by Sphaeropsis sapinea. Forest Ecology and Management, 166: 331-336.

  • Stępniewska H., Jankowiak R., Kolarik M. 2008. First report on Phytophthora cambivora from an oak stand in Poland. Phytopathologia Polonica, 50: 85-86.

  • Szczepkowski A. 2010. Odporność drewna dębu szypułkowego (Quercus robur L.), z drzew o różnym stanie zdrowotnym, na rozkład powodowany przez grzyby. Leoene Prace Badawcze, 71 (2): 125-133.

  • Tarasiuk S., Szczepkowski A. 2006. The health status of endangered oak stands in Poland. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Silvarum Colendarum Ratio et Industria Lignaria, 5 (1): 91-106.

  • Thomas F., Blank R., Hartmann G. 2002. Abiotic and biotic factors their interactions as causes of oak decline in central Europe. Forest Pathology, 32: 277-307.

  • Vettraino A.M., Barzanti G.P., Bianco M.C., Ragazzi A., Capretti P., Paoletti E. et al. 2002. Occurrence of Phytophthora species in oak stands in Italy and their association with declining oak trees. Forest Pathology, 32: 19-28.

  • Witzell J., Martín J.A. 2008. Phenolic metabolites in the resistance of northern forest trees to pathogens - past experiences and future prospects. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 38: 2711-2727.

  • Zwaduch P. 2005. Proweniencyjna zmienność dębu szypułkowego (Quercus robur L.) i dębu bezszypułkowego (Quercus petraea [Matt.] Liebl.) na powierzchniach doświadczalnych w Nadleśnictwie Milicz i Nadleśnictwie Oborniki Śląskie. Praca doktorska w Akademii Rolniczej im. Augusta Cieszkowskiego w Poznaniu.

  • Żółciak A., Oszako T., Sabor J. 2009. Evaluation of the health status of Picea abies provenances growing on the IUFRO 1964/ 68 experimental plots. Dendrobiology, 61: 63-68.

  • Żuk. B. 1989. Biometria stosowana. Warszawa, Wyd. PWN. ISBN: 83-89189-49-0.


Journal + Issues