A complex polynomial is called a Hurwitz polynomial, if all its roots have a real part smaller than zero. This kind of polynomial plays an all-dominant role in stability checks of electrical (analog or digital) networks. In this article we prove that a polynomial p can be shown to be Hurwitz by checking whether the rational function e(p)/o(p) can be realized as a reactance of one port, that is as an electrical impedance or admittance consisting of inductors and capacitors. Here e(p) and o(p) denote the even and the odd part of p .
 Grzegorz Bancerek. The ordinal numbers. Formalized Mathematics, 1(1):91-96, 1990.