Forest certification in Russia: development, current state and problems

Victor Lukashevich 1 , Ilya Shegelman 1 , Aleksey Vasilyev 1  und Mariia Lukashevich 1
  • 1 Petrozavodsk State University, Faculty of Forest Engineering, Lenina st. 33, 185910 Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russia

Abstract

The article analyzes the development of voluntary forest certification by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) system in Russia. The article is based on the review of diverse information sources, analysis of the reports of timber processing enterprises, personal observations during certification audits, discussions in workgroups, and information collected at training courses. We evaluated the present state of voluntary forest certification in Russia, analyzed non-compliances of the activity of Russian wood processing enterprises with the national standard FSC-STD-RUS-V6-1-2012 and indicated possible reasons for non-fulfillment of the requirements. We also presented problems in the development of forest certification in Russia and possible ways for its further development.

By the end of 2015, about 40 million hectares were certified, approximately 160 certificates were issued on forest management and 440 certificates on chain of custody. The 6th principle of the national forest management standard is the most problematic for logging enterprises. The principle concerns the requirements on the evaluation of impact of enterprise’s activity on the environment. About 40% of non-compliances identified by auditors referred to the indicators of the 6th principle.

We argue that the main problems of forest certification development in Russia are contradictions between the principles and the criteria of FSC and the requirements of Russian forest legislation, retention of biodiversity and high conservation value forests, lack of economic incentives for introduction and implementation of certification requirements, and high cost of audits. Despite the existing problems, the certification remains one of the most important instruments for achieving sustainable forest management in Russia.

Falls das inline PDF nicht korrekt dargestellt ist, können Sie das PDF hier herunterladen.

  • Abbott, K., Snidal, D., 2008: Strengthening International Regulation Through. Transnational New Governance. p. 68. Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kenneth_abbott/1.

  • Agenda 21, 1992: United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. Available at: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/Agenda21.pdf.

  • von Carlowitz, H. C., 1713: Sylvicultura oeconomica, oder hausswirtliche Nachricht und Naturmässige Anweisung zur wilden Baum-Zucht. 414 p.

  • Cashore, B., Auld, G., Newsom, D., 2004: Governing Through Markets. Forest Certification and the Emergence of Non- State Authority. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.

  • Clark, M. R., Kozar, J. S., 2011: Comparing sustainable forest management certifications standards: a meta-analysis. Ecology and Society, 16: 3.

  • EEA, 2008: European forests - ecosystem conditions and sustainable use. European Environment Agency Report No. 3, Copenhagen, EEA,110 p.

  • EEM, 2007: Environmental Paper Procurement. Review of Forest Certification Schemes in Canada, 13 p.

  • Fedorenchik, A. S., 2008: Forest certification: study guide for universities. Minsk, Belarus BGTU, 234 p.

  • General Assembly, 1992: Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Non-legally binding authoritative statement of principles for a global consensus on the management, conservation and sustainable development of all types of forests. A/conf.151/26, Vol. iii, Rio de Janeiro, 3 p.

  • Greenpeace, 2014: FSC Case Studies: Working together to improve FSC. Available at: http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/publications/Campaign-reports/Forests-Reports/FSC-Case-Studies/.

  • ILO, 1998: Safety and health in forestry work: An ILO code of practice, Geneva, International Labour Office, 132 p.

  • Jennings, S., Nussbaum, R., Judd, N., Evans, T., 2003: The High Conservation Value Forest Toolkit. ProForest, Oxford, 191 p.

  • Karpachevskii, M. L., Teplyakov, V. K., Yaroshenko, A. O., 2009: Basics of Sustainable Forest Management: study guide for universities. World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Moscow, 149 p.

  • Lukashevich, V. M., Shegelman, I. R., 2012: Preparatory works in the domestic forest management system. PetrSU, Petrozavodsk, 88 p.

  • Marx, A., Cuypers, D., 2011: Halting deforestation and forest certification. What is the macroimpact of the forest stewardship council? KLIMOS working paper 1, KLIMOS, Leuven, Belgium, 35 p.

  • MCPFE, 1993: Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe. General Guidelines for the Sustainable Management of Forests in Europe. Resolution H1, 5 p.

  • Ptichnikov, A. V., Bulgakov, V. A., Raychenko, N. E., 2009: Results of the survey of FSC certificates holders in 2008. Sustainable forest management, Moscow, p. 21-22.

  • Ptichnikov, A. V., Bubko, E. V., Zagidullina, A. T., 2011: Voluntary Forest Certification: study guide for universities. World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Moscow, 175 p.

  • Regulation (EU) No 995/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 October 2010 laying down the obligations of operators who place timber and timber products on the market / Official Journal of the European Union L 295, Vol. 53, 2010, p. 23-34.

  • Rupert, O., 2000: Comparative Matrix of Forest Certification Schemes. Confederation of European Paper Industries, 16 p.

  • Shegelman, I. R., 2008: Forest transformation XV-XXI century. PetrSU, Petrozavodsk, 240 p.

  • Shegelman, I. R., Lukashevich, V. M., 2012: Transformation of the technology of preparatory works in logging under the influence of voluntary forest certification. Global Scientific Potential, 2:78-81.

  • Simula, M., Nussbaum, L., 2005: The Forest certification handbook. 2nd ed., 300 p.

  • Standard, 2012: Forest stewardship council standard for Russian Federation FSC code: FSC-STD-RUS-V6-1-2012. Russia Natural and Plantations EN Version 6-01, 198 p.

  • Website of The Accreditation Services International. Available at: http://www.accreditation-services.com/resources/document-library/download-info/asi-fsc-fmcompliance-assessment-russia-bv-october-2014-3.

  • Website of The Forest Certification, LLC. Available at: http:// www.fcert.ru/.

  • Website of The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). Available at: https://ic.fsc.org/.

  • Website of The forest Forest stewardship Stewardship council Council in Russia. Available at: https://ru.fsc.org/ru-ru.

  • Website of The Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC). Available at: http://www.pefc.org.

OPEN ACCESS

Zeitschrift + Hefte

Suche