What is Innovativeness: Literature Review

Open access


For decades what has been heated are debates on topics such as: which country is the most competitive? What is the best country to live in?. However, it may be disputable whether results of these debates have practical outcomes. It is arguable whether is it clear what constructs are in fact discussed, how to measure their level, and how to draw conclusions from such studies. This paper addresses aspects relevant to innovativeness - interpretation, measurement, accuracy and practicality. This paper shows that despite of very abundant literature on the subject, the prime tangible effect deals with various rankings of countries for public relations purpose rather than it provides a policy setting directions.

[1] ACOA - Fast Forward: An Innovation Guide forSmall and Medium Enterprises. ACOA, Fredericton.

[2] Aho Report - Creating an Innovative Europe: Reportof the Independent Expert Group on R&Dand Innovation Appointed Following the HamptonCourt Summit, 2006, http://europa.eu.int/inwest-inresearch.

[3] Amabile T.M. - Entrepreneurial CreativityThrough Motivational Synergy [in] Journal of Creative Behavior, 31(1), 1997, pp. 18-26.

[4] Archibugi D., Coco A. - Measuring TechnologicalCapabilities at the Country Level: a Survey anda Menu for Choices [in] Research Policy, 34, 2005, pp. 175-194.

[5] Arundel A., Hollanders H. - Policy IndicatorsAnd Targets: Measuring the Impact of InnovationPolicies. European Commission, 2005.

[6] Arundel A., Hollanders H. - 2006 Trend ChartMethodology Report: Searching the Forestfor the Trees: “Missing” Indicators of Innovation. MERIT - Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology, 2006.

[7] Balzat M., Hanusch H. - Recent Trends in the Researchon National Innovation Systems [in] Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 14, 2004, pp.197-210.

[8] Betz F. - Managing Technology: Competingthrough New Ventures, Innovation, and CorporateResearch. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1987.

[9] Blanke J., Fiona P. Sala-i-Martin X. - The GrowthCompetitiveness Index: Analyzing Key Underpinningsof Economic Growth. Global Competitiveness Report of the World Economic Forum, 2003 (Chap.1.1.).

[10] CEDO - Emerging Regional Practices in Supportof SME Innovation. Montreal, Canada Economic Development Observatory, 2001.

[11] Chapple W., Lockett A., Siegel D., Wright M. - Assessing the Relative Performance of U.K. UniversityTechnology Transfer Offices: Parametricand Non-Parametric Evidence [in] Research Policy, Vol. 34 (3), 2005, pp. 369-384.

[12] Chen D.H.C., Dahlman C.J. - The KnowledgeEconomy, the KAM Methodology and World BankOperations. The World Bank, Washington DC 20433, 2005.

[13] Coelli T.J., Rao D.S.P., O'Donnell C.J., Battese G.E. - An Introduction to Efficiency and ProductivityAnalysis. Springer, New York 2005.

[14] Cooper W.W., Seiford L.M., Tone K. - Data EnvelopmentAnalysis and its Uses. Springer, New York 2006.

[15] Dahlman C.J. - Technology Strategy in East AsianDeveloping Countries [in] Journal of Asian Economics, 5, 1994, pp. 541-572.

[16] Dernis H., Khan M. - Triadic Patent FamiliesMethodology. STI Working Paper 2004/2, OECD, Paris 2004.

[17] Dosi G., Freeman C., Nelson R., Silverberg G., Soete L. - Technological Change and Economictheory. Pinter Publishers, London 1988.

[18] Drucker P. - Innovation and Entrepreneurship:Practice and Principles. Harper & Row, New York 1985.

[19] Edquist C. - Systems of Innovation: Technologies,Institutions, and Organizations. Pinter, London 1997.

[20] EIS - European Innovation Scoreboard 2005:Comparative Analysis of Innovation Performance,European Trend Chart on Innovation, 2005.

[21] Färe R., Grosskopf S. - Reference Guide to On-Front®. Economic Measurement and Quality I Lund AB, Lund 1998.

[22] Färe R., Grosskopf S. - User’s Guide to OnFront®. Economic Measurement and Quality I Lund AB, Lund 1998

[23] FM - Frascati Manual: The Measurement of Scientificand Technological Activities. OECD, Paris 2002.

[24] Freeman C. - Technology and Economic Performance:Lessons from Japan. Pinter, London 1987.

[25] Freeman C. - The National System of Innovationin Historical Perspective [in] Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 19, 1995, pp. 5-24.

[26] Freudenberg M. - Composite Indicators of CountryPerformance: A Critical Assessment [in] STI Working paper 2003/16, Industry Issues, OECD JT00153477, 2003.

[27] GCR - The Growth Competitiveness Report. 2004-2005, 2005, Global Competitiveness Report of the World Economic Forum.

[28] GII - Global Innovation Index 2009, www.management_today.co.uk/news/610009/ (accessed on 2009.03.16).

[29] Griliches Z. - Patent Statistics as an Economic Indicator:A Survey [in] Journal of Economics Literature, 28 (4), 1990.

[30] HDR - Human Development Report: InternationalComparison at a Crossroads: Aid, Trade And Securityin an Unequal World. Published for the United Nations Development Programme, New York 2005.

[31] Hollanders H., Esser F.C. - Measuring InnovationEfficiency. ProInno Europe - InnoMetrics, 2007.

[32] Hollanders H., van Cruysen A. - Rethinkingthe European Innovation Scoreboard: A NewMethodology for 2008-2010. ProInno Europe, Inno-Metrics, Maastricht 2008.

[33] INNO - What is Innovation?, 2006, http://www.hi.is/~joner/eaps/innodd.htm (accessed on 11.04.2007).

[34] IUS - Innovation Union Scoreboard 2010, Inno- Metrics, 2011.

[35] Jamison A., Hård M. - The Story-Lines of TechnologicalChange: Innovation, Construction and Appropriation [in] Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 15, 200381-91.

[36] KAM - The Knowledge Assessment Methodologyand Scorecards 2006, http://vle.worldbank.org/gdln/Programs/kam2001_methodology.htm (accessed on 24.08.2006).

[37] Katz S. - Indicators for Complex Innovation Systems [in] Research Policy, 35 (7), 2006, pp. 893-909.

[38] Kedia B., Bhagat R.S. - Cultural Constraints onTransfer of Technology across Nations: Implicationsfor Research in International and ComparativeManagement [in] Academy of Management, 13, 1988, pp. 559-571.

[39] Khan M., Dernis H. - Global Overview in InnovativeActivities from the Patent Indicators Perspective. STI Working Paper 2006/3, OECD, Paris 2006.

[40] Kline S.J., Rosenberg N. - An overview of Innovation. National Academy Press, Washington DC. 1986.

[41] Lisbon Strategy - Strategia Lizbońska: drogado sukcesu zjednoczonej Europy, Wyzwania członkowstwa. Urząd Komitetu Integracji Europejskiej, Ideapress, Gdansk 2002.

[42] Lööf H., Heshmati A. - On the Relationship BetweenInnovation and Economic Performance [in] Economics of Innovation and Technological Change, 15, 2006, pp. 317-344.

[43] Lundvall B.A. - National Innovation Systems - AnalyticalConcept and Development Tool [in] Industry and Innovation 14 (1), 2007, pp. 95-119.

[44] Lundvall B.A. (ed) - National Systems of Innovation:Towards a Theory of Innovation and InteractiveLearning. Pinter Publishers, London 1992.

[45] McArthur J.W., Sachs J.D. - The Growth CompetitivenessIndex: Measuring Technological Advancementand the Stages of Development,in the Global Competitiveness Report 2001-2002. New York: Oxford University Press for the World Economic Forum 2003.

[46] Mirchandani D. - Economic and Social Indicatorsof Global Competitiveness: an Analysis of CountryRankings. 8th International Eastern Academy of Management Conference, (CD Rom version), Prague 1999.

[47] Nasierowski W. - Some Observations RegardingComposite Indexes of Economic Performance. North-East Decision Sciences Institute Conference, New York 2008.

[48] Nasierowski W. - Zarządzanie rozwojem techniki:Perspektywa krajowych systemów. Seria EuroManagement, Poltext, Warszawa 1997.

[49] Nasierowski W., Arcelus F. - On the Efficiencyof National Innovation Systems [in] Socio Economic Planning Sciences, Vol. 37, 2003, pp. 215-234.

[50] Nasierowski W., Arcelus F. - InterrelationshipsAmong the Elements of National Innovation Systems:A Statistical Evaluation [in] European Journal of Operations Research , Vol.119, 1999, pp.235-253.

[51] Nasierowski W. - About Technical Efficiency ofEfforts to Enhance Innovativeness in EuropeanUnion [in] International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, Vol. 7, Issue 4, 2010, pp. 389-404.

[52] Nasierowski W. - Composite Indexes and Indicatorsof Innovativeness: Some Critical Comments [in] Global Management Journal, Vol. 2, No 1, 2010, pp. 40-49.

[53] Nasierowski W. - A Conceptual Framework forFormalization of National Innovation Systems [in] Foundations of Management, Warsaw University of Technology, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2009, pp. 159-166.

[54] Nasierowski W. - Zarządzanie rozwojem techniki:Perspektywa krajowych systemów. Seria EuroManagement, PolText, 1998 Warszawa.

[55] Nelson R. (ed.) - National Innovation Systems. A Comparative Analysis. Oxford University Press, New York/Oxford 1993.

[56] OM, Oslo Manual - OECD Proposed Guidelinesfor Collecting and Interpreting Technological InnovationData. OECD/EuroStat, Paris (KBN 1999).

[57] Porter M. - Competitive Advantage of Nations. Free Press, New York 1990.

[58] Rodriguez-Pose A. - Is R&D Investment in LaggingAreas of Europe Worthwhile? Theory andEmpirical Evidence. Regional Science, 2001, pp. 275-295.

[59] Rogers M. - The Definition and Measurementof Innovation. Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne, 1998.

[60] Rutten R., Boekema F. - Innovation, Policyand Economic Growth: Theory and Cases [in] European Planning Studies, Vol. 13, issue 8, 2005, pp. 1131-1136.

[61] Saisana M., Tarantola S. - State-of-the-Art Reporton Current Methodologies and Practices for CompositeIndicator Development. Joint Research Centre - European Commission, I-21020 Ispra (VA), Italy 2002.

[62] Sajeva M., Gatelli D., Tarantola S., Hollanders H. - Methodology Report on the European InnovationScoreboard 2005. European Commission, Enterprise Directorate-General, 2005.

[63] Sarasvathy S.D. - Causation and Effectuation: Towarda Theoretical Shift from Economic Inevitabilityto Entrepreneurial Contingency [in] Academy of Management Review, 26(2), 20012, pp. 43-288.

[64] Schwartzman S., de Souza A. - Evaluation And EfficiencyOf Research And Experimental Development(R&D) Institutions And Units, http://www.schwartzman.org.br/simon/rd_inst.htm

[65] Schibany A., Streicher G. - How not to CompareInnovation Performance: A Critical Assessment ofthe European Innovation Scoreboard. Joanneum Research Institute of Technology and Regional Policy, Vienna 2008.

[66] Schumpeter J.A. - Economic Theory and EntrepreneurialHistory [in] Change and the Entrepreneur: Postulates and Patterns for Entrepreneurial History (ed. A.H. Cole). Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1949, pp. 63-84.

[67] Seng Tan B. - The Consequences of Innovation [in] The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, 9 (3), 2004, pp. 1-42.

[68] Shariff N. - Emergence and development of the NationalInnovation System concept [in] Research Policy, Vol. 35, 2006, pp.745-766.

[69] TEP - Technology and the Economy: The Key Relationships. The Technology/ Economy Programme, OECD, Paris1992.

[70] Välimäki H., Niskanen A., Tervonen K., Laurula I. - Indicators of Innovativeness and EnterpriseCompetitiveness in the Woods Products Industryin Finland [in] Scandinavian Journal of Forestry Research, 19 (Supplement 5), 2004, pp. 90-96.

[71] Varian H. - Intermediate Microeconomics: A ModernApproach. New York: Norton 2002.

[72] WCY, World Competitiveness Yearbook. IMD, Lausanne, Switzerland 2011.

[73] Wei Q., Yan H. - Congestion and Returns to Scalein Data Envelopment Analysis [in] European Journal of Operational Research, 153, 2004, pp. 641-660.

Foundations of Management

The Journal of Warsaw University of Technology

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.28

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.198
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.159

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 178 178 19
PDF Downloads 56 56 9