The effects of rapid chilling and storage conditions on the quality of Brigitta Blue cultivar highbush blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.)

Open access


Controlled atmosphere storage allows for the long-term and short-term storage of fruit without a significant decrease in quality, resulting in a longer shelflife of fresh fruit. The Department of Horticulture at the West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin conducted research on the effects of post-harvest precooling (3-4°C within two hours) and storage conditions (conventional cold room and controlled atmosphere storage) on fruit firmness, chemical composition, colour and weight loss.

After six weeks of storage, it was found that the quality of fruit had declined. In comparison with fresh fruit, the harvest was found to have lost weight and darkened in colour. In addition, a decrease in firmness and the content of ascorbic acid and polyphenolic compounds was also observed. The fruits that were stored in a cold room with a controlled atmosphere and rapidly chilled immediately after harvest were the least affected. In addition, the research showed that there was a high correlation between the anthocyanin index and the polyphenol content in the fruits. To maintain the high quality of the fruit, the fruit must be very rapidly cooled soon after harvest and stored under optimal conditions - a cold room with a controlled atmosphere.

Alsmairat N., Contreras C., Hanc ock J., Callow P., Beaudry R., 2011. Use of combinations of commercially relevant O2 and CO2 partial pressures to evaluate the sensitivity of nine highbush blueberry fruit cultivars to controlled atmospheres. HortSci. 46(1): 74-79.

Castrejón A.D.R., Eichh olz I., Rohn S., Kroh L.W., Huyskens-Kei S., 2008. Phenolic profile and antioxidant activity of highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) during fruit maturation and ripening. Food Chem. 109(3): 564-572.

Chiab ran do V., Giaca lone G., Rolle L., 2009. Mechanical behaviour and quality traits of highbush blueberry during postharvest storage. J. Sci. Food Agric. 89(6): 989-992.

Chiab ran do V., Giaca lone G., 2011. Shelf-life extension of highbush blueberry using 1-methylcyclopropene stored under air and controlled atmosphere. Food Chem. 126(4): 1812-1816.

Fallah i E., Conway W.S., Hickey K.D., Sams C.E., 1997. The role of calcium and nitrogen in postharvest quality and disease resistance of apples. HortSci. 32: 831-835.

Gonçalves B., Silva A.P., Moutinh o-Pereira J., Bac elar E., Rosa E., Meyer A.S., 2007. Effect of ripeness and postharvest storage on the evolution of colour and anthocyanins in cherries (Prunus avium L.). Food Chem. 103(3): 976-984.

Häkkinn en S.H., KärenlampiS. O., Mykkänen H.M., TörrönenA. R., 2000. Influence of domestic processing and storage on flavonol content in berries. J. Agric. Food Chem. 48: 2960-2965.

Hunterlab , 2012. Measuring Color using Hunter L, a, b versus CIE 1976 L*a*b*. AN 1005.00: 1-4. (www.

Inaba M., Cran dall P., 1986. Cold-shock treatment of mature green tomatoes to delay color development and increase shelf-life during room temperature storage. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 99: 143-145.

Kader A., Ben-Yehoshua S., 2 000. E ffects o f s uperatmospheric oxygen levels on postharvest physiology and quality of fresh fruits and vegetables. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 20(1): 1-13.

Krupa T., Tomala K., 2006. Effects of storage condition on anthocyanin content and antioxidative activity in highbush blueberries fruit. Żywn. Nauka Techn. Jakość 2(47): 171-181.

Kuckenb erg J., Tartachn yk I., Noga G., 2008. Evaluation of fluorescence and remission techniques for monitoring changes in peel chlorophyll and internal fruit characteristics in sunlit and shaded sides of apple fruit during shelf-life. Post. Biol. Techn. 48(2): 231-241.

Link A., Balag uer F., Goel A., 2010. Cancer chemoprevention by dietary polyphenols: Promising role for epigenetics. Biochem. Pharmacol. 80: 1771-1792.

Linster C.L., Van Schaf tigen E., 2007. Vitamin C, biosynthesis, recycling and degradation in mammals. FEBS Journal 274: 1-22.

Martí N., Mena P., Cánova s J.A., Micol V., Saura D., 2009. Vitamin C and the role of citrus juices as functional food. Natural product communications 4: 591-748.

Moore J.N., 1993. Adapting low organic upland mineral soils for culture of highbush blueberries. Acta Hort. 346: 221-229.

Ochmian I., 2007. Influence of storage of fruits ‘Senga Sengana’ and ‘Aga’ strawberry cultivars on mass loss and firmness changes. Folia Univ. Agric. Stetin. Agric., Aliment, Pisc. Zootech. 259(4): 147-152.

Ochmian I., 2012. The impact of foliar application of calcium fertilizers on the quality of highbush blueberry fruits belonging to the ‘Duke’ cultivar. Not. Bot. Horti. Agrobo. 40(2): 163-169.

Och mian I., 2013. The influence of cultivation conditions on the micro- and macronutrient content in the leaves and fruits of several cultivars of highbush blueberry. Folia Pomer. Univ. Technol. Stetin., Agric., Aliment., Pisc., Zootech. 305(27): 67-74.

Ochmian I., Grajkowski J., Skupień K., 2009. Influence of substrate on field and chemical composition of highbush blueberry fruit cv. ‘Sierra’. J. Fruit Ornam. Plant Res. 17(1): 89-100.

Ochmian I., Grajkowski J., Skupień-Wysocka K., 2008. Field performance, fruit chemical composition and firmness under cold storage and simulated "shelf life" conditions of three blue honeysuckle cultigens (Lonicera caerulea). J. Fruit Ornam. Plant Res. 16: 83-91.

Ochmian I., Kozos K., Mijowska K., 2015. Influence of storage condictions on changes in physical parameters and chemical composition of highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) fruit during storage. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci. 1: in press.

Ochmian I., Skupień K., Grajkowski J., Smolik M., Ostrowska K., 2012. Chemical composition and physical characteristics of fruits of two cultivars of blue honeysuckle (Lonicera caerulea L.) in relation to their degree of maturity and harvest date. Not. Bot. Horti. Agrobo. 40(1): 155-162.

Oszmiański J., Wojdyło A., 2005. Aronia melanocarpa phenolics and their antioxidant activity. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 221: 809-813.

Remberg S.F., Rosenf eld H.J., Haffn ier K., Gronn erod K., Lea P., 2006. Characterization of quality parameters of highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) cultivars. Acta Hort. 715: 559-566.

Reque P.M., Steff ens R.S., Jab lonski A., Flôres S.H., De O. Rios A., Jong E.V., 2014. Cold storage of blueberry (Vaccinium spp.) fruits and juice: anthocyanin stability and antioxidant activity. J. Food Compos. Anal. 33: 111-116.

Santos P.H.S., Silva M.A., 2008. Retention of vitamin C in drying processes of fruits and vegetables-A review. Drying Technology 26: 1421-1437.

Sing leton V.L., Rossi Jr. J.A., 1965. Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungstic acid reagents. Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 16: 144-158.

Skupień K., 2006a. Evaluation of chemical composition of fresh and frozen blueberry fruit (Vaccinium corymbosum L.). Acta Sci. Pol., Hortorum Cultus 5(1): 19-25.

Skupień K., 2006b. Chemical composition of selected cultivars of highbush blueberry fruit (Vaccinium corymbosum L.). Folia Hort. 18(2): 47-56.

Skupień K., Ochmian I., Grajkowski J., 2009. Influence of ripening on fruit chemical composition of two blue honeysuckle cultigens J. Fruit Ornam. Plant Res. 17: 101-111.

Solomakhin A.A., Blan ke M.M., 2007. Overcoming adverse effects of hailnets on fruit quality and microclimate in an apple orchard. J. Sci. Food Agric. 87: 2625-2637.

Strik B.C., 2005. Blueberry - an expanding world berry crop. Chron. Hortic. 45: 7-12.

Verrax J., Calderon P.B., 2008. The controversial place of vitamin C in cancer treatment. Biochem. Pharmacol. 76(12): 1644-1652.

Wang L., Sun D.W., 2001. Rapid cooling of porous and moisture foods by using vacuum cooling technology. Trends Food Sci. Tech. 12(5): 174-184.

Yang W.Q., Harpole J., Finn C.E., Strik B.C., 2009. Evaluating berry firmness and total soluble solids of newly released highbush blueberry cultivars. Acta Hort. 810: 863-868.

Zude M., 2003. Comparison of indices and multivariate models to non-destructively predict the fruit chlorophyll by means of visible spectrometry in apple fruit. Anal. Chim. Acta. 481: 119-126.

Folia Horticulturae

The Journal of Polish Society for Horticultural Sciences (PSHS)

Journal Information

Web of Science, IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0,532

CiteScore 2018: 0.6

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.198
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.644


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 249 172 10
PDF Downloads 124 94 9