The tropical dry deciduous forests of Mirzapur district in Uttar Pradesh (state) in India are facing to severe threat from agricultural expansion, increased urbanisation, infrastructure development and unsustainable use of forest produce. The forests are nowadays fragmented and wildlife habitat is vanishing. Decreasing numbers of wild animal species requires using methods for preventing the loss of biodiversity.
The present study concerns analysis of satellite remote sensing data of Landsat OLI (2013) in conjunction with Geographic Information System (GIS) and support of Geographic Positioning System (GPS) to identify suitable habitat for wild animals. The thematic maps regarding e.g. land use, forest cover type were prepared. The weighted overlay method was used for integration of the thematic layers for identification of potential habitat and corridors for wildlife movement. Most suitable (2.54%), moderately suitable (12.0%) and least suitable (16.20%) areas were delineated and represented in a map. Highly suitable habitat was found at Dadri and Kotwa forest; moderately suitable habitat was found in Darhi Ram forests. Least suitable areas were found in Kotwa and Patewar forests. Such data are the basis to assess the wildlife conservation measures.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Arc GIS version 10.0 (1999–2010) ESRI Inc.(www.esri.com).
Areendram G. Krishna R. Mazumdaar S. 2011. Geospatial modelling to assess elephant habitat suitability and corridors in Northern Chhattisgarh India. Tropical Ecology 52 (3) 275–283.
Bhat S.D. Rawat G.S. 1995. Habitat use by Chital (Axis axis) in Dhaulkhand Rajaji National Park India. Tropical Ecology 36 (2) 177–189.
Champion H.G Seth S.K. 1968. A revised classification of the Forest Types in India Manager publications. GOI New Delhi India.
Das M.K. Awasthi A.K. Pandey R. Dwivedi A. Koul M. 2007. Mapping of forest types and land use/land cover of Singrauli coal field area using satellite remote sensing techniques. Journal of Tropical Forestry 23 141–150.
De Fries R. Hansen A. Newton A.C. Hamsen M.C. 2005. Increasing isolation of protected areas in tropical forests over the past 20 years. Ecological. Applications 15 (1) 19–26.
ERDAS Imagine 9.0 2005. ERDAS field guide. Copyright Leica Geosystems Geospatial Imaging LLC. (1991–2005). Printed in USA.
Goparaju L. Sinha D. 2015. Forest cover change analysis of dry tropical forests of Vindhyan highlands in Mirzapur district Uttar Pradesh using satellite remote sensing and GIS. Ecological Questions 22 23–37.
Javed A. Khan I. 2012. Landuse/Land cover change due to mining activities in Singrauli Industrial belt Madhya Pradesh using remote sensing and GIS. Journal of Environmental Research and Development 6 521–529.
Johnsingh A.J.T. Joshua J. 1994. Conserving Rajaji and Corbett national Parks: the Elephant as a flagship species. Orya 28 135–140.
Kamat D.S. 1986. An integrated approach to remote sensing studies for wildlife habitat evaluation. In: Proceedings of seminar cum workshop on wildlife habitat evaluation using remote sensing techniques (eds.: D.S. Kamat H.S. Panwar). IIRS Dehradun 165–182.
Khanna V. Ravichandran M.S. Kushwaha S.P.S. 2001. Corridor analysis in Rajaji –Corbett Elephant reserve. A remote sensing and GIS approach. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing 29 41–46.
Kushwaha S.P.S. Khan A. Habib B. Quadri A. Singh A. 2004. Evaluation of Sāmbhar and Muntjak habitats using geostatistical modelling. Current Science 86 1390-1400.
Kushwaha S.P.S. Hazarika R. 2004. Assessment of habitat loss in Kameng and Sonitpur elephant reserves. Current Science 87 1447–1453.
Lillisend T.M. Keifer R. 2004. Remote sensing Image interpretation. John Wiley New York.
Mishra C. Johnsingh A.J.T. 1996. On habitat selection by the Goral (Naemorhaedus goral) bedfordi (Bovidae Artiodactyla). Journal of Zoology 240 573–580.
Mondal P. Southwoth J. 2010. Protection versus commercial management spatial and temporal analysis of land cover changes in the tropical forests of central India. Forest Ecology and Management 259 (5) 1009–1017.
Murphy P.G. Lugo A.E. 1986. Ecology of tropical dry forest. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 17 67–88.
Nandy S. Kushwaha S.P.S. Mukhopadhyaya S. 2007. Monitoring the Chilla–Motichur wildlife corridor using geospatial tools. Journal for Nature Conservation 15 237–244.
Raghubanshi A.S. Tripathi A. 2009. Effect of disturbance habitat fragmentation and alien invasive plant on floral diversity in dry tropical forest of Vindhyan highlands: a review. Tropical Ecology 50 57–69.
Singh A. 2007. Revegetation of coal mine spoils using Prosopsis juliflora in Singrauli coal field is a harmful practice from ecological viewpoint. Current Science 93 1204.
Singh U. Narain S. 2009. Ethnobotanical wealth of Mirzapur district U.P. Indian Forester 135 (2) 185–197.
Yadav P.K. Kapoor M. Sarma K. 2012. Land use land cover mapping change detection and conflict analysis of Nagzira-Navegaon corridor Central India using Geospatial Technology. International Journal of Remote Sensing and GIS 1 (2) 90–98.