Phytophthora quercina infections in elevated CO2 concentrations

Open access

Abstract

In the last decades, a new wave of oak decline has been observed in Poland. The most important pathogenic organisms involved in this phenomenon are probably soil-borne pathogens Phytophthoragenus, especially P. quercina. In this work, we sought to test the influence of elevated CO2 concentration on the susceptibility of oaks (Quercus robur L.) to infection by P. quercina. In order to test the susceptibility of oak fine roots to infection, we applied phosphite-based fertiliser Actifos in 0.6% concentration. One-year-old oak seedlings were grown for one year in greenhouse with either an ambient atmosphere (400 ppm CO2) or an elevated (800 ppm) concentration of CO2. Oaks grown at the elevated CO2 concentration developed longer shoots as proved by statistically significant differences. However, there was no difference in the development of root systems. The application of Actifos had a positive significant effect on the development of shoots and the surface area of fine roots under the elevated CO2 concentration.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Brasier C.M. 1999. Phytophthora pathogens of trees: their rising profile in Europe. Information Note 30 1–6.

  • Fenn M.E. Coffey M.D. 1984. Studies on the in vitro and in vivo antifungal activity of fosetyl-Al and phosphorous acid. Phytopathology 74 606–611.

  • Fenn M.E. Coffey M.D. 1985. Further evidence for the direct mode of action of fosetyl-Al and phosphorous acid. Phytopathology 75 1064–1068.

  • Goheen E.M. Hansen E.M. Kanaskie A. McWilliams M.G. Osterbauer N. Sutton W. 2002. Sudden Oak Death caused by Phytophthora ramorum in Oregon. Plant disease 86 (4) 441.

  • Grant D.M. Mörike K. Eichelbaum M. Meyer U.A. 1990. Acetylation pharmacogenetics: the slow acetylator phenotype is caused by decreased or absent arylamine N-acetyl transferase in human liver. The Journal of Clinical. Investigation 85 968–972.

  • Henn M. Schopf R. Fleischmann F. Osswald W. 2001. Effect of CO2- and N-mediated alteration of the nutritional quality of beech leaves on the performance of a herbivorous insect Lymantriadispar Lepidoptera Lymantriidae. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 13 433–436.

  • Jung T. Cooke D.E.L. Blaschke H. Duncan J.M. Osswald W. 1999. Phytophthora quercina sp. nov. causing root rot of European oaks. Mycological Research 103 (7) 785–798.

  • Jung T. 2008. Widespread Phytophthora infestations of nursery stock in Central Europe as major pathway of Phytophthora diseases of forests and seminatural ecosystems. 3rd International Workshop Phytophthora/Pythium and related genera. 9th Congress of Plant Pathology Turin Italy August 24–29 2008.

  • Jung T. 2009. Beech decline in Central Europe driven by the interaction between Phytophthora infections and climatic extremes. Forest Pathology 39 73–94.

  • Jung T. Blaschke H. Neumann P. 1996. Isolation identification and pathogenicity of Phytophthora species from declining oak stands. European Journal of Forest Pathology 26 253–272.

  • Jung T. Blaschke H. Osswald W. 2000. Involvement of soil borne Phytophthora species in Central European oak decline and the effect of site factors on the disease. Plant Pathology 49 706–718.

  • Korzeniowski M. Orlikowski L.B. 2008. Protection of rhododendrons against phytophthoras (Phytophthora spp.) using preparations based on fosetyl-aluminum propamocarb and fenamidone (in Polish). Zeszyty Problemowe Postępów Nauk Rolniczych 529 35–39.

  • Lane C.R. Beales P.A. Hughes K.J.D. Griffin R.L. Munro D. Brasier C.M. Webber J.F. 2003. First outbreak of Phytophthora ramorum in England on Viburnum tinus. Plant Pathology 52 414.

  • Lovatt C.J. 1990. Factors affecting fruit set/early fruit drop in avocado. California Avocado Society Yearbook 74 193–199.

  • Maclntire W.H. Winterberg S.H. Gardi L.J. Sterges A.J. Clements L.B. 1950. Fertilizer evaluation of certain phosphorus phosphorous and phosphoric materials by means of pot cultures. Agron Journal 42 543–549.

  • Muszyńska D. Orlikowski L.B. 2010. The use of propamocarb with fosetyl aluminum in the protection of Chamaecyparis and Geranium against Phytophthora cinnamomi and Pythium ultimum (in Polish). Zeszyty Problemowe Postępów Nauk Rolniczych 554 113–118.

  • Orlikowski L.B. 2004. Chemical control of Rhododendron twig blight caused by Phytophthora ramorum. Journal of Plant Protection Research 44 (1) 41–46.

  • Percy K.E. Awmack C.S. Lindroth R.L. Kubiske M.E. Kopper B.J. Isebrands J.G. Pregitzer K.S. Hendrey G.R. Dickson R.E. Zak D.R. Oksanen E. Sober J. Harrington R. Karnosky D.F. 2002. Altered performance of forest pests under atmospheres enriched by CO2 and O3. Nature 420 403–407.

  • Smillie F. Peers S.H. Elderfield A.J. Bolton C. Flower R.J. 1989. Differential regulation by glucocorticoids of intracellular lipocortin I II and V in rat mixed peritoneal leukocytes. British. Journal of Pharmacoogy 97 425.

  • Stiling P. Moon D.C. Hunter M.D. Colson J. Rossi A.M. Hymus G.J. Drake B.G. 2003. Elevated CO2 lowers relative and absolute herbivore density across all species of a scrub-oak forest. Oecologia 134 82–87.

  • Tkaczyk M. Nowakowska J.A. Oszako T. 2014a. Phosphite fertilizers as a plant growth stimulators in Forest nurseries (in Polish with English summary). Sylwan 158 (1) 3–9.

  • Tkaczyk M. Nowakowska J.A. Oszako T. 2014b. Effect of CO2 enhancement on beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) seedling root rot due to Phytophthora plurivora and Phytophthora cactorum. Folia Forestalia PolonicaSeries A – Forestry 56 (3) 149–156.

  • Tkaczyk M. Nowakowska J.A. Oszako T. 2015. Plant bio-stimulator fertilizers can be applied in integrated plant management (IPM) in forest nurseries. Folia Forestalia PolonicaSeries A – Forestry 57 (4) 201–209.

  • Tkaczyk M. Kubiak K.A. Sawicki J. Nowakowska J.A. Oszako T. 2016. The use of phosphates in forestry (in Polish with English summary). Leśne Prace Badawcze 77 (1) 76–81.

  • Vettraino A.M. Barzanti G.P. Bianco M.C. Ragazzi A. Capretti P. Paoletti E. Luisi N. Anselmi N. Vannini A. 2002. Occurrence of Phytophthora species in oak stands in Italy and their association with declining oak trees. Forest Pathology 32 19–28.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.67

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.312
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.569

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 135 62 4
PDF Downloads 86 42 0