Species diversity and litter dynamics in secondary mixed deciduous forest, Thung Salaeng Lung National Park, Northern, Thailand

Open access


This study present species composition and potential of litter on carbon and nitrogen return in secondary mixed deciduous forest after shifting cultivation. The dominant species of trees were Haldina cordifolia, Albizia odoratissima and Lagerstroemia duperreana. The Important Value Index (IVI) values of trees were 132.91, 17.78 and 14.22, respectively. The pattern for the decomposition coefficients (k) was highest in the wet period (May-September) and lowest in the dry period (October-April). The carbon and nitrogen return patterns increased in the dry period (October- April) and decreased in the wet period (May-September). Carbon and nitrogen loss in the decomposing litter continually decreased during the decomposition process from the initial levels, with a final relatively rapid release in the wet period. Results from this study was understanding of community composition, litterfall production and litter decomposition for understanding potential of secondary mixed deciduous forest for balancing carbon for mitigating greenhouse gas effect in the local area.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Berg B. 2000. Litter decomposition and organic matter turn over in Northern forest soils. Forest Ecology and Management 133 13-22.

  • Boonyanuphap J. Sakurai K. Tanaka S. 2007. Soil nutrient status under upland farming practice in the Lower Northern Thailand. Tropics 16 (3) 215-231.

  • Brown S. Lugo A.E. 1990.Tropical secondary forests. Journal of Tropical Ecology 6 1-32.

  • Chazdon R.L. 2003.Tropical forest recovery: legacies of human impact and natural disturbances. Perspective in Plant Evolution and Systematic 6 51-71.

  • Cuevas E. Brown S. Lugo A.E. 1991. Above-and below organic matter storage and production in a tropical pine plantation and a paired leaf productivity along a precipitation gradient in lowland Panama: patterns from leaf to ecosystem. Structure Function 19 (3) 349-356.

  • Evans K.D. Marney E.I. Quashie-Sam J. 2010. Litterfall and litter nutrient dynamics under cocoa ecosystems in lowland humid Ghana. Plant and Soil 330 55-64.

  • Finegan B.1996. Pattern and process in neotropical secondary rain forests: the first 100 years of succession. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 11 119-124.

  • Fugushima M. Kanzaki M. Hara M. Ohkubu T. Preechapanya P. Choochareon C. 2008. Secondary forest succession after the cessation of swidden cultivation in the montane forest area in Northern. Forest Ecology and Management 255 1994-2006.

  • Glumphabutr P. Kaitpraneet S. Wachrinrat J. 2006. Structural Characteristic of Natural Evergreen Forests in Eastern Region of Thailand. Thai Journal of Forestry 25 92-111.

  • Guariguata M.R. Ostertag R. 2001. Neotropical secondary forest succession: changes in structural and functional characteristics. Forest Ecology and Management 148 185-206.

  • Kanjunt C. Oberhauser U. 1994. Successional forest development in abandoned swidden plots of Hmong Karen and Lisu ethnic groups. NAMSA Research Paper. Sam Muen-Highland Development Project Thailand.

  • Kanzaki M. Kawaguchi H. Sahunalu P. Dhanmanonda P. Tanpibal V. Puriyakorn B. Muangnil K. Preechapanya P. Yoda K. 1991. Climate topography and initial vegetation of experiment sites with reference to the dynamics of natural forest. In: Improvement of biological productivity of tropical wastelands in Thailand (eds.: K. Yoda P. Sahunalu) Department of Biology Osaka City University Osaka Japan 23-47.

  • Kartawinata K. Riswan S. Soedjito H. 1980. The Floristic change after disturbances in lowland dipterocarp forest in East Kalimantan Indonesia. Tropical Ecology and Development. Proceeding of the 5th I nternational Symposium of Tropical E cology 47-54.

  • Kellman M.C. 1969. Some environmental components of shifting cultivation in upland Mindanao. Journal of Tropical Geography 28 40-56.

  • Khopai A. 2006. The Study of Plant Community in Khao Kaset Forest Area and Tree Species Diversity in Kasetsart Si Racha Campus. Thai Journal of Forestry 25 1-18.

  • Kochummen K.M. Ng F.S.P. 1977. Natural plant succession after farming in Kepong. Malayan Forester 40 61-78.

  • Kyuma K. Pairintra C. 1983. Shifting cultivation: An Experiment at Nam Phrom Northeast Thailand and Its Implications for Upland Farming in the Monsoon Tropics. Kyoto University Faculty of Agriculture Kyoto.

  • Liao J.H. Wang H.H. Tsai C.C. Hseu Z.Y. 2006. Litter production decomposition and nutrient return of uplifted coral reef tropical forest. Forest Ecology and Management 235 174-185.

  • Li Y. Xu M. Zou X. Shi P. Zhang Y. 2005. Comparing soil organic carbon dynamics in plantation and secondary forest in wet tropics in Puerto Rico. Global Change Biology 11 239-248.

  • Lugo A.E. 1992. Comparison of tropical tree plantations and with secondary forests of similar age. Ecological Monographs 62 1-41.

  • Martius C. Hubert H. Marcos V.B.G. Jörg M. Hanagarth W. 2004. Litterfall litter stocks and decomposition rates in rainforest and agroforestry sites in central Amazonia. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 68 137-154.

  • Moore T.R. Trofymow J.A. Prescott C.E. Fyles J. Titus B.D. 2006. Patterns of carbon nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics in decomposing foliar litter in Canadian forests. Ecosystem 9 46-62.

  • Nukool T. 2002. Structural Characteristics of Three Forest Types at Khun Korn Waterfall Forest Park Changwat Chiang Rai. M.S. Thesis Kasetsart University Bangkok Thailand.

  • Ogawa H. Yoda K. Ogino K. Kira T. 1965. Comparative ecological studies on three main types of forest vegetation in Thailand II. Plant Biomass. Nature and Life in Southeast Asia 4 49-80.

  • Olson J.S. 1963. Energy storage and the balance of producers and decomposers in ecological systems. Ecology 44 322-331.

  • Ostertag R. Marı´n-Spiotta E. Silver L.S. Schulten J. 2008. Litterfall and Decomposition in Relation to Soil Carbon Pools Along a Secondary Forest Chronosequence in Puerto Rico. Ecosystem 11 701-714.

  • Pongumpai S. 1976. Dendrology. Forest Biology Department Faculty of Forestry Kasetsart University Bangkok Thailand Ranger J. Gerand F. Lindermann M. Gelhaye D. Gelhaye L. 2003. Dynamics of litterfall in a chonosequence of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii Franco) lands in the Beaujolais mounts (France). Annals of Forest Science 60 475-488. Royal Forest Department. 1962. Type of forest of Thailand. Ministry of Agriculture Bangkok Thailand.

  • Satiago L.S. Mulkey S.S. 2005. Leaf productivity along a precipitation gradient in lowland Panama: patterns from leaf to ecosystem. Structure Function 19 (3) 349-356.

  • Srikanha P. Gajaseni J. 2000. Structure compositions and species diversity in deciduous forest ecosystem in Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary Thailand. In research reports on biodiversity in Thailand Biodiversity Research and Training Program (BRT) 11-14th October 2000 710-714.

  • Suksomut P. 1987. Community dynamics of hill evergreen forest at Huay Nam Dang Watershed Station Chiang Mai Province. M.S. Thesis Kasetsart University. Bangkok Thailand.

  • Sundarapandian S.M. Swamy P.S. 1999. Litter production and leaf-litter decomposition of select tree species in tropical forest at Kodayar in the Western Ghats India. Forest Ecology and Management 123 231-244. Symingyon C.F. 1993. The Study of secondary growth on rain forest sites in Malaya. Malayan Forester 2 107-117.

  • Triadiati T. Tjitrosemito S. Guhardja E. Sudarsono I. Qayim I. Leuschner C. 2011. Litterfall Production and Leaf- Litter Decomposition at Natural Forest and Cacao Agroforestry in Sulawesi Indonesia. Asian Journal of Biological Sciences 4 (3) 221-234.

  • Vitousek P.M. 1984. Litterfall nutrient cycling and nutrient limitation in tropical forest. Ecology 65 285-298.

  • Wang Q. Wang S. Huang Y. 2008. Comparison of litterfall Litter decomposition and nutrient return in monoculture Cunninghamia lanceolata and mixed stand in Southern China. Forest Ecology and Management 255 1210-1218.

  • Wieder R.K. Wright S.J. 1995. Tropical forest litter dynamics and dry season irrigation on Barro Colorado Island Panama. Ecology 76 (6) 1971-1979.

  • Wyatt-Smith J. 1955. Changes in Composition in Early Natural. Plant Succession 18 44-49.

  • Yang Y.S. Guo J.F. Chen G.S. He Z.M. Xie J.S. 2003.Effect of slash burning on nutrient removal and soil fertility in Chinese farm and evergreen broadleaved forests of midsubtropical China. Pedosphere 13 87-96.

Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 0.67

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.312
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.569

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 271 188 10
PDF Downloads 124 88 3