Genetic structure of Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] provenances tested in IPTNS-IUFRO 1964/68 experiment in Krynica

Open access

Abstract

The results of previous studies have shown high breeding values of Beskidian spruce. The aim of the study was to assess the genetic structure of seventeen Norway spruce provenances from the Beskidy Mts. tested in IPTNSIUFRO 1964/68 experiment in Krynica, which survived after massive wind damage on the plots. Polymorphism of five isozyme systems encoded in five loci was determined. The highest value of genetic diversity parameters: mean number of alleles per locus and observed heterozygosity was noted for progeny of spruce from the Eastern Beskidy Mts. (Na = 1.47, Ho = 0.15), and the lowest - for the provenance from the Western Beskidy Mts., Babia Góra massif and the Beskid Sądecki Mts. (Na = 1.27, Ho = 0.12). Mean genetic distance between analyzed spruce provenances was equal to 0.027.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bałut S. Sabor J. 2001. Inventory provenance test of Norway Spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] IPTNSIUFRO 1964/68 in Krynica. Part I. Description of the experimental area. Wydawnictwo Akademii Rolniczej Kraków.

  • Barszcz J. Małek S. 2006. The quality and viability of Picea abies (L.) Karst. seedlings in young crops laid out after a decay of stands at high mountain elevations in the Śląski Beskid Mountains and the western part of the Beskid Żywiecki Mountains. In: Current problems of forest protection in spruce stands under conversion (eds.: W. Grodzki T. Oszako). IBL (FRI) Warsaw 21-35.

  • Bergmann F. Gregorious H.R. 1979. Comparison of the genetic diversities of various populations of Norway spruce (Picea abies). Proceedings of the Conference on Biochemical Genetics of Forest Trees (ed.: F. Rudin). Umeå 99-107.

  • Bruchwald A. Dmyterko E. 2010. Lasy Beskidu Śląskiego i Żywieckiego - zagrożenia nadzieja. Instytut Badawczy Leśnictwa Sękocin Stary pp. 80.

  • Burczyk J. 1998. Systemy kojarzenia drzew leśnych. Wyd. Uczelniane WSP Bydgoszcz pp. 105.

  • Chałupka W. Mejnartowicz L. Lewandowski A. 2008. Reconstitution of a lost forest tree population: A case study of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.). Forest Ecology and Management 255 2103-2108.

  • Conkle M.T. Paul D.H. Nunnaly L.B. Hunter S.C. 1982. Starch Gel Electrophoresis of Conifer Seeds: a Laboratory Manual. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSWGTR-64. Berkeley CA: Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station Forest Service U.S. Department of Agriculture.

  • Forest Condition in Europe. 2004. Technical Report of ICP Forests. Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest Products (BFH) Hamburg.

  • Giannini R. Morgante M. Vendramin G.G. 1991. Allozyme variation in Italian populations of Picea abies (L.) Karst. Silvae Genetica 40 (3/4) 160-166.

  • Giertych M. 1984. Świerk istebniański w świetle międzynarodowych doświadczeń proweniencyjnych. Sylwan 128 (12) 27-42.

  • Giertych M. 1997. Świerk pospolity Picea abies (L.) Karst. Nasze Drzewa Leśne. Warszawa-Poznań PWN.

  • Giertych M. 2002. Troska o bioróżnorodność. Sesja naukowa: Zagospodarowanie oraz wartość genetyczna populacji drzew gatunków domieszkowych i introdukowanych w aspekcie stabilizacji ekosystemów leśnych Karpat. Zeszyty Naukowe AkademiiRolniczej im. H. Kołłątaja w Krakowie 394 289-301.

  • Konnert M. Maurer W. 1995. Isozymic Investigations on Norway Spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] and European Silver Fir (Abies alba M ill.). A Practical Guide to Separation Methods and Zymogram Evaluation. Bayerische Landesanstalt für forstliche Saat- und Pflanzenzucht Teisendorf pp. 79.

  • Konnert M. 2009. Genetic variation of Picea abies in southern Germany as determined using isozyme and STS markers. Dendrobiology 61 (Supplement) 131-136.

  • Kraj W. 2002. The estimation of genetic variation within and between polish provenances of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) on the basis of RAPD polymorphism EJPAU 5 (2). Available online: http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume5/issue2/forestry/abs-02.html

  • Krutovskii K.V. Bergmann F. 1995. Introgressive hybridization and phylogenetic relationship between Norway Picea abies (L.) Karst. and Siberian P. obovata L edeb. spruce species studied by isozyme loci. Heredity 74 (5) 464-480.

  • Krutzsch P. 1968. Die Pflanzschulenergebnisse eines inventierenden Fichtenherkunftsversuches (Piceaabies Karst. und Picea obovata Ledeb.). Königliche Forstliche Hochschule Stockholm.

  • Langercrantz U. Ryman N. 1990. Genetic structure of Norway spruce (Picea abies): concordance of morphological and allozymic variation. Evolution 44 38-53.

  • Ledig F.T. 1986. Heterozygosity heterosis and fitness in outbreeding plants. In: Conservation biology: the science of scarcity and diversity (ed.: M.E. Soule). Sinauer Associates Sunderland Mass. (USA) 77- 104.

  • Lewandowki A. Burczyk J. Chałupka W. 1997. Preliminary results on allozyme diversity and differentiation on Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] in Poland based on plus tree investigations. Acta SocietatisBotanicorum Poloniae 66 (2) 197-200.

  • Lewandowski A. Burczyk J. 2002. Allozyme variation of Picea abies in Poland. Scandinavian Journal ofForest Research 17 478-494.

  • Longauer R. Gömöry D. Paule L. Blada I. Popescu F. Maňkovská B. 2004. Genetic effects of air pollution on forest tree species of the Carpathian Mountains. Environmental Pollution 130 85-92.

  • Masternak K. Sabor J. Majerczyk K. 2009. Effect of provenance on the survival of Norway spruce (Piceasabies (L.) Karst.) trees on the IPTNS-IUFRO 1964/68 site in Krynica (Poland). Dendrobiology 61 53-61.

  • Masternak K. Zielińska M. Sabor J. 2011. Polimorfizm izoenzymów i wzrost wybranych pochodzeń świerka pospolitego [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] doświadczenia IPTNS-IUFRO 1964/68 w Krynicy. LeśnePrace Badawcze 72 (1) 65-75.

  • Modrzyński J. Prus-Głowacki W. 1998. Isoenzymatic variability in some of the polish populations of Norway spruce (Picea abies) in the IUFRO 1972 provenance trial. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 67 (1) 75-85.

  • Nei M. 1972. Genetic distance between populations. American Naturalist 106 283-292.

  • Nei M. Roychoudhury A.K. 1974. Sampling variances of heterozygosity and genetic distance. Genetics 76 379-390.

  • Nowakowska J.A. 2009. Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA differentiation of Picea abies populations in Poland. Dendrobiology 61 (Supplement) 119-129.

  • Paule L. Szmidt A.E. Yazdani R. 1990. Isozyme polymorphism of Norway spruce (Picea abies Karst.) in Slovakia. I. Genetic structure of adjacent populations. Acta Facultatis Zvolen 32 57-70.

  • Polak-Berecka M. Perchlicka I. 2007. Polimorfizm izoenzymowy i zmienność genetyczna wybranych pochodzeń cząstkowych świerka rasy istebniańskiej. Sylwan 151 (10) 47-53.

  • Sabor J. 1996. Możliwości zachowania i metody selekcji drzewostanów świerkowych rasy istebniańskiej. Sylwan 140 (3) 61-81.

  • Sabor J. 2010. Genetic basis of conversion and conservation of forest gene resources of spruce stands in Silesian and Zywiec Beskid Mountains. Beskydy 3 (2) 175-186. Skroppa T. 1994. Impact of tree improvement on genetic structure and diversity of planted forests. SilvaFennica 28 (4) 265-274.

  • Sneath P.H.A. Sokal R.R. 1973. Numerical Taxonomy: the Principles and Practice of Numerical Classification. W. H. Freeman and Co. San Francisco.

  • Wright S. 1978. Evolution and the Genetics of Populations. Vol. 4. Variability within and among natural populations. The University of Chicago Press Chicago.

  • Yeh F.C. Yang R. Boyle T. 1999. Popgene Version 131. Microsoft Window - Based Freeware for Population Genetic Analysis. University of Alberta and Centre for International Forestry Research Edmonton Canada.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.67

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.312
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.569

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 134 58 2
PDF Downloads 39 19 0