Introduction Dementia is one of the most significant issues of our time and there are varying prevailing attitudes towards dementia, including negative stigma and perception. Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are a widely available online learning resource accessed for free which may present an opportunity to address prevailing attitudes.
Methodology We conducted a questionnaire before and after a six-week MOOC where participants learned about dementia. We collected data using a survey instrument and analysed them with statistical testing.
Results and findings Although there was no statistically significant change between pre- and post-MOOC questionnaires, the change was observed in some questions and for particular groups.
Conclusion and recommendations Our findings indicate this MOOC has a greater effect on changing the attitudes of non-healthcare workers, older people and those living in the United Kingdom. We recommend further analysis of MOOC as a change intervention and consideration of their application in other disciplines.
3. Annear, M. J., Eccleston, C. E., McInerney, F. J., Elliott, K. E. J., Toye, C. M., Tranter, B. K., & Robinson, A. L. (2016). A new standard in dementia knowledge measurement: Comparative validation of the dementia knowledge assessment scale and the Alzheimer’s disease knowledge scale. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 64(6), 1329-1334.
4. British Psychological Society (2017). Ethics Guidelines for Internet-Mediated Research. Leicester: British Psychological Society.
5. Brodaty, H., Draper, B., & Low, L.F. (2003) Nursing Home Staff Attitudes towards Residents With Dementia: Strain And Satisfaction With Work. J Adv Nursing, 44(6), 583-590.
6. De Bellis, A. M., & Williams, J. (2008). The Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia in the Context of the Australian Aged Care Funding Instrument: A Literature Review. Contemporary Nurse, 30(1), 20-31.
9. Elvish, R., Burrow, S., Cawley, R., Harney, K., Graham, P., Pilling, M., Gregory, J., Roach, P., Fossey, J., & Keady, J. (2014). “Getting To Know Me”: The Development and Evaluation of a Training Programme for Enhancing Skills in the Care of People with Dementia in General Hospital Settings. Aging & Mental Health, 18(4), 481.
10. Forman, D., & Pond, D. (2015). Care of the Person with Dementia : Interprofessional Practice and Education. Cambridge University Press.
11. George, D. R., Stuckey, H. L., & Whitehead, M. M. (2013). An Arts-Based Intervention at a Nursing Home to Improve Medical Students’ Attitudes toward Persons with Dementia. Academic Medicine, 837–842.
12. Goldberg, L. R., Bell, E., King, C., O’Mara, C., McInerney, F., Robinson, A., & Vickers, J. (2015). Relationship between participants’ level of education and engagement in their completion of the Understanding Dementia Massive Open Online Course. BMC medical education, 15(1), 60.
13. Greenwood, J. (1993). The Apparent Desensitization of Student Nurses During their Professional Socialization: A Cognitive Perspective. J Adv Nurs, 18(9), 1471-9.
14. Grigsby, T. J., Unger, J. B., Molina, G. B., & Baron, M. (2017). Evaluation of an Audio-Visual Novela to Improve Beliefs, Attitudes and Knowledge toward Dementia: A Mixed-Methods Approach. Clinical Gerontologist, 40(2), 130–138.
15. Harris Interactive (2011). What America Thinks Metlife Foundation Alzheimer’s Survey.
16. Hoaglin, D., & Iglewicz, B. (1987). Fine-Tuning Some Resistant Rules for Outlier Labeling. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 82(400), 1147-1149.
17. Kaminski, J. (2011). Theory Applied to Informatics – Lewin’s Change Theory. Canadian Journal of Nursing Informatics, 6(1).
19. Kitwood, T. M. (1997). Dementia Reconsidered: The Person Comes First. Buckingham: Open University Press.
20. Kotera, Y., Adhikari, P., & Van Gordon, W. (2017). The Relationship between Work Motivation and Worker Profile in UK Hospitality Workers. International Journal of Education, Psychology and Counseling, 2(6), 231-243.
21. Low, L. F., Fletcher, J., Goodenough, B., Jeon, Y. H., Etherton-Beer, C., Macandrew, M., & Beattie, E. (2015). A Systematic Review of Interventions to Change Staff Care Practices in Order to Improve Resident Outcomes in Nursing Homes. Plos One, 10(11), E0140711
22. Mehta, N. B., Hull, A. L., Young, J. B., & Stoller, J. K. (2013). Just imagine: new paradigms for medical education. Academic Medicine, 88(10), 1418-1423.
23. Mitchell, G., Mcgreevy, J., Carlisle, S., Frazer, P., Traynor, M., Lundy, H., Diamond, M., & Agnelli, J. (2016). Evaluation of Dementia Friends Programme for Undergraduate Nursing Students: Innovative Practice. Dementia, 16(8), 1075-1080.
24. Myers, D. (2013). Social Psychology (11th ed.). New York: Mcgraw-Hill.
25. Petronzi, D., & Hadi, M. (2016). Exploring the Factors Associated with MOOC Engagement, Retention and the Wider Benefits for Learners. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 19(2), 112-129. https://doi.org/10.1515/eurodl-2016-0011
26. Pot, A. M., Petrea, I., & Meerveld, J. (2013). Improving Dementia Care Worldwide Ideas and Advice on Developing and Implementing a National Dementia Plan. London. Retrieved from https://www.alz.co.uk/dementia-plans
28. Rawlings, D., Tieman, J. J., Sanderson, C., Parker, D., & Miller-Lewis, L. (2017). Never say die: death euphemisms, misunderstandings and their implications for practice. International journal of palliative nursing, 23(7), 324-330.
29. Robertshaw, D., & Cross, A. (2016). “MOOC” as a Platform for Social Learning, Research and Social Change in Dementia. Proceedings of the European Stakeholder Summit on Experiences and Best Practices in and Around MOOCs (Emoocs 2016).
30. Robertshaw, D., & Cross, A. (2017). Experiences of integrated care for dementia from family and carer perspectives: a framework analysis of massive open online course discussion board posts. Dementia.
33. Scerri, A., & Scerri, C. (2013). Nursing Students’ Knowledge and Attitudes towards Dementia – A Questionnaire Survey. Nurse Education Today, 33(9), 962-8.
34. Tan, Z. S., Damron-Rodriguez, J., Cadogan, M., Gans, D., Price, R. M., Merkin, S. S., Jennings, L., Schickedanz, H., Shimomura, S., Osterweil, D., & Chodosh, J. (2017). Team-Based Interprofessional Competency Training for Dementia Screening and Management. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 65(1), 207.
35. Tukey, J. (1962). The Future of Data Analysis. The Annals of Mathematical Statistics, 33(1), 1–67.
36. World Health Organisation (2012). Dementia: A Public Health Priority. Geneva: WHO.
37. World Health Organization and Alzheimer’s Disease International (2012). Dementia: A Public Health Priority. Geneva: World Health Organization.