Between Urban and Rural: Sustainability of Small Towns in the Czech Republic

Antonín Vaishar 1 , Jana Zapletalová 1  and Eva Nováková 1
  • 1 Institute of Geonics, Czech Academy of Sciences Ostrava, v.v.i., Department of Environmental Geography, 602 00 Brno, Drobného 28, Czechia

Abstract

The paper analyses the position of small towns in the Czech settlement system. It deals with the definition of small towns, their geographical positions, demographic characteristics and functions in the national settlement system. A typology of small towns aimed at individual pillars of their sustainability is one of the results of the paper. The article discusses the position of small towns as part of the urban world and their position as a part of the countryside. It concludes that small towns are functionally important as rural centres. However, differences between urban and rural seem to be less important than differences among individual types of the Czech countryside (suburban, intermediate, inner periphery, borderland).

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