Small Towns in the Context of “Borrowed Size” and “Agglomeration Shadow” Debates: the Case of the South Moravian Region (Czech Republic)

  • 1 Department of Geography, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, 61137 Brno, Czechia

Abstract

Small towns play a key role in providing services for its wider hinterland. However, emerging economic importance of the largest agglomerations and increasing involvement of settlements in urban networks have transformed a relationship between the size of settlements and their expected urban function. In this context, the concepts of “borrowed size” and “agglomeration shadow” serve to explain the impact of network externalities on urban function but pay a little attention to service function of small towns. The paper aims at revealing the extent to which the provision of services is determined by location of small towns within a regional urban system strongly affected by a metropolitan area. The results show coexisting occurrence of the processes of borrowed size and agglomeration shadow and the importance of tourist and commercial attractiveness of particular places (towns) to final provision of services.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Alonso, W. (1973). Urban zero population growth, Daedalus, 102(4), 191-206.

  • [2] Banky (2015). banky.cz. Available: http://www.banky.cz/ (accessed 3 March 2015).

  • [3] Batten, D. F. (1995). Network cities: creative urban agglomerations for the 21st century, Urban Studies, 32, 313-327.

  • [4] Berry, B. J. L. & Parr, J. B. (1988). Market Centres as Retail Locations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

  • [5] Burger, M. J., Meijers, E. J., Hoogerbrugge, M. M. & Tresserra, J. M. (2015). Borrowed Size, Agglomeration Shadows and Cultural Amenities in North-West Europe, European Planning Studies, 23(6), 1090-1109. DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2014.905002.

  • [6] Camagni, R. P. & Salone, C. (1993). Network Urban Structures in Northern Italy: Elements for a Theoretical Framework, Urban Studies, 30(6), 1053-1064.

  • [7] Capello, R. (2000). The city network paradigm: Measuring urban network externalities, Urban Studies, 37(11), 1925-1945.

  • [8] Castells, M. (1996). The Rise of the Network Society. Oxford: Blackwell.

  • [9] Cigale, D., Lampič, B., Ogrin, M., Plut, D., Rebernik, D., Špes, M., Vintar Mally, K., Cetkovský, S., Kallabová, E., Mikulík, O., Vaishar, A. & Zapletalová, J. (2006). Sustainable development of small towns a Slovenian-Moravian comparative methodological approach, Moravian Geographical Reports, 14(1), 17-28.

  • [10] Claval, P. (1980). Centre-periphery and space: models of political geography. In Gottmann, J. (ed.) Centre and periphery: spatial variation in politics (pp. 63-71). Beverly Hills: SAGE.

  • [11] Copus, A. K. (2001). From Core-periphery to polycentric development: Concepts of spatial and aspatial peripherality, European Planning Studies, 9(4), 549-552.

  • [12] Courtney, P., Mayfield, L., Tranter, R., Jones, P. & Errington, A. (2007). Small towns as 'sub-poles' in English rural development: Investigating rural-urban linkages using sub-regional social accounting matrices, Geoforum, 38(6), 1219-1232. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2007.03.006.

  • [13] Christaller, W. (1933). Die Zentralen Orte in Süddeutschland. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

  • [14] Czech Post (2015). Search criteria for finding a post office. Available: https://www.postaonline.cz/en/vyhledani-psc (accessed 10 March 2015).

  • [15] Czech Statistical Office (2011). Census 2011. Available: https://www.czso.cz/csu/sldb ((accessed 5 May 2016).

  • [16] Czech Statistical Office (2013). MOS - Municipal statistics. Available: https://vdb.czso.cz/mos/ (accessed 1 March 2015).

  • [17] Czech Statistical Office (2016a). Public database. Available: https://vdb.czso.cz/vdbvo2/ (accessed 2 February 2016).

  • [18] Czech Statistical Office (2016b). Regional Office Brno. Available: https://www.czso.cz/csu/xb (accessed 1 February 2016).

  • [19] CzechPoint (2015). CzechPoint. Available: http://www.czechpoint.cz/wwwstats/f?p=100:16 (accessed 10 March 2015).

  • [20] EC (1999). European Spatial Development Perspective: Towards Balanced and Sustainable Development of the Territory of the EU. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

  • [21] EC (2008). Green Paper on Territorial Cohesion: Turning territorial diversity into strength. Available: http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2008:0616:FIN:EN:PDF (accessed 30 April 2015).

  • [22] EU Ministers responsible for Spatial Development (2011). Territorial Agenda of the European Union 2020. Available: http://www.eu2011.hu/files/bveu/documents/TA2020.pdf (accessed 6 May 2015).

  • [23] Ezcurra, R., Gil, C., Pascual, P. & Rapún, M. (2005). Inequality, polarisation and regional mobility in the European Union, Urban Studies, 42(7), 1057-1076. DOI: 10.1080/00420980500120824.

  • [24] Fujita, M. & Krugman, P. (2004). The new economic geography: Past, present and the future, Papers in Regional Science, 83(1), 139-164. DOI: 10.1007/s10110-003-0180-0.

  • [25] Fujita, M., Krugman, P. & Venables, A. J. (1999). The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • [26] Glaeser, E. L. (2011). Triumph of the city. New York: Penguin Press.

  • [27] Green, N. (2007). Functional polycentricity: A formal definition in terms of social network analysis, Urban Studies, 44(11), 2077-2103. DOI: 10.1080/00420980701518941.

  • [28] Heffner, K. & Solga, B. (2006). Small towns as local economic centres in rural areas, Bulletin of Geography (Socio-economic series), 6(1), 77-87.

  • [29] Heffner, K. & Twardzik, M. (ed.) (2013). The Impact of Shopping Malls on the Outer Metropolitan Zones (The Example of the Silesian Voivodeship). Studia Regionalia, 37. Warsaw: Polish Academy of Sciences, Committee for Spatial Economy and Regional Planning.

  • [30] Hinderink, J. & Titus, M. (2002). Small towns and regional development: Major findings and policy implications from comparative research, Urban Studies, 39(3), 379-391. DOI: 10.1080/00420980220112748.

  • [31] Hudson, R. (2015). Uneven Development, Socio-Spatial Polarization and Political Responses. In Lang, T., Henn, S., Sgibnev, W., & Ehrlich, K. (ed.) Understanding Geographies of Polarization and Peripheralization (pp. 25-39). Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • [32] IDOS (2015). Jízdní řády. Available: http://jizdnirady.idnes.cz/ (accessed 1 March 2015).

  • [33] Kloosterman, R. C. & Musterd, S. (2001). The polycentric urban region: Towards a research agenda, Urban Studies, 38(4), 623-633. DOI: 10.1080/00420980120035259.

  • [34] Knox, P. L. & Mayer, H. (2012). Europe’s internal periphery: Small towns in the context of reflexive polycentricity. In Lorentzen, A. & Van Heur, B. (ed.) Cultural political economy of small cities (pp. 142-157). London: Routledge.

  • [35] Krätke, S. (2007). Metropolisation of the European economic territory as a consequence of increasing specialisation of urban agglomerations in the knowledge economy, European Planning Studies, 15(1), 1-27. DOI: 10.1080/09654310601016424.

  • [36] Kühn, M. (2015). Peripheralization: Theoretical Concepts Explaining Socio-Spatial Inequalities, European Planning Studies, 23(2), 367-378. DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2013.862518.

  • [37] Lang, T. (2015). Socio-economic and political responses to regional polarisation and socio-spatial peripheralisation in central and Eastern Europe: A research agenda, Hungarian Geographical Bulletin, 64(3), 171-185. DOI: 10.15201/hungeobull.64.3.2.

  • [38] Malý, J. (2016). Impact of Polycentric Urban Systems on Intra-regional Disparities: A Micro-regional Approach, European Planning Studies, 24(1), 116-138. DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2015.1054792.

  • [39] Malý, J. & Mulíček, O. (2016). European territorial cohesion policies: Parallels to socialist central planning? Moravian Geographical Reports, 24(1), 14-26. DOI: 10.1515/mgr-2016-0002.

  • [40] Maryáš, J., Kunc, J., Tonev, P. & Szczyrba, Z. (2014). Shopping and services related travel in the hinterland of Brno: changes from the socialist period to the present, Moravian Geographical Reports, 22(3), 18-28. DOI: 10.2478/mgr-2014-0015.

  • [41] Meijers, E. (2007). From central place to network model: Theory and evidence of a paradigm change, Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 98(2), 245-259. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9663.2007.00394.x.

  • [42] Meijers, E. J. & Burger, M. J. (2015). Stretching the concept of ‘borrowed size’, Urban Studies, DOI: 10.1177/0042098015597642.

  • [43] Meijers, E. J., Burger, M. J. & Hoogerbrugge, M. M. (2015). Borrowing size in networks of cities: City size, network connectivity and metropolitan functions in Europe, Papers in Regional Science, DOI: 10.1111/pirs.12181.

  • [44] MFČR (2013). Vyhláška č. 264/2013 Sb. Available: http://www.mfcr.cz/cs/legislativa/legislativni-dokumenty/2013/vyhlaska-c-264-2013-sb-14254 (accessed 5 June 2014).

  • [45] MMR ČR (2015). Politika územního rozvoje České republiky, ve znění Aktualizace č. 1. Available: http://www.mmr.cz/getmedia/e7ff2b3b-b634-425f-8fa5-6699b8d2f755/2015_VI_8_cistopis_apur_1.pdf?ext=.pdf (accessed 9 February 2016).

  • [46] Molle, W. (2007). European Cohesion Policy. Oxon: Routledge.

  • [47] Mulíček, O., Seidenglanz, D., Franke, D. & Malý, J. (2013) Vymezení funkčního území Brněnské metropolitní oblasti a Jihlavské sídelní aglomerace.

  • [48] Parr, J. B. (2004). The polycentric urban region: A closer inspection, Regional Studies, 38(3), 231-240. DOI: 10.1080/003434042000211114.

  • [49] Partridge, M. D., Rickman, D. S., Ali, K. & Olfert, M. R. (2009). Do New Economic Geography agglomeration shadows underliecurrent population dynamics across the urban hierarchy? Papers in Regional Science, 88(2), 445-466. DOI: 10.1111/j.1435-5957.2008.00211.x.

  • [50] Phelps, N. A., Fallon, R. J. & Williams, C. L. (2001). Small firms, borrowed size and the urban-rural shift, Regional Studies, 35(7), 613-624. DOI: 10.1080/00343400120075885.

  • [51] Schwanen, T. (2002). Urban form and commuting behaviour: a cross-European perspective, Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 93(3), 336-343. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9663.00206.

  • [52] TERPLAN (1985): Brněnská sídelní regionální aglomerace. Územní plán VÚC. Praha.

  • [53] Tervo, H. (2010). Cities, hinterlands and agglomeration shadows: Spatial developments in Finland during 1880-2004, Explorations in Economic History, 47(4), 476-486. DOI: 10.1016/j.eeh.2010.05.002.

  • [54] The South Moravian Region (2012). Komplexní dotazníkové šetření v obcích Jihomoravského kraje k 31. 12. 2012. Available: http://www.krjihomoravsky.cz/Default.aspx?ID=201445&TypeID=2 (accessed 2 May 2015).

  • [55] Vaishar, A., Štastná, M. & Stonawská, K. (2015). Small towns - Engines of rural development in the South-Moravian region (Czechia): An analysis of the demographic development, Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 63(4), 1395-1405. DOI: 10.11118/actaun201563041395.

  • [56] Vaishar, A. & Zapletalová, J. (2009). Small towns as centres of rural micro-regions, European Countryside, 1(2), 70-81. DOI: 10.2478/v10091-009-0006-4.

  • [57] van der Laan, L. (1998). Changing urban systems: An empirical analysis at two spatial levels, Regional Studies, 32(3), 235-247.

  • [58] Zekeri, A. A. (1994). Adoption of economic development strategies in small towns and rural areas: Effects of past community action, Journal of Rural Studies, 10(2), 185-195. DOI: 10.1016/0743-0167(94)90029-9.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search